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会计英语

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会计 英语
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Accounting School of Accountancy ××× ×××系×××班 学号: First chapter What is accounting The second chapter Six accounting elements The third chapter The Enron Inciden Accounting is a profession of recording, classifying, summarizing,andinterpreting of those business activities that can be expressed in monetary terms. A person who specializes in this field is known as an accountant. Accounting frequently offers the qualified person an opportunity to move ahead quickly in the society and finally the person can earn a lot of money. It is because accounting is a basic and important element in every modern business. It records the past growth or decline of the business. Careful analysis of these results may suggest the ways in which the business may grow in the future Accounting is one of the fastest growing professions in the modern business world. Every new store, school, restaurant, or filling station increases the demand for accountants. So, the demand for competent accountants is generally much greater than the supply. Six accounting elements • Assets • Liabilities • Owners' equity • Revenue • Expense • Profit Assets: assets refer to the past transactions or events by an enterprise owned or controlled resources, the resource will be expected to bring economic benefits to enterprises Liabilities: liabilities refer to the past transactions, the current obligations formed through the fulfillment of the duty will be outflow of economic benefits Owners' equity refers to the enterprise assets after deducting liabilities by the residual interest. Revenue: Revenue refers to day-to-day activities in the formation will lead to the increase in ownership interest, has nothing to do with the owners of capital gross inflows of economic benefits Cost: the cost refers to the activities of enterprises in the day-to-day occurrence, and will lead to reduction in the owner's equity, and the distribution of profits to the owner's economic interests unrelated to the total outflow Profit: the profit is the enterprise in a certain accounting period. The Enron Inciden One of the largest companies in the United States has failed. The Enron Corporation has asked a federal court for protection because it can not pay the thousands of millions of dollars of money it owes. Enron is an energy trading company that buys and sells electricity and natural gas. It also owns or controls several other companies that deal in several different products. Enron asked for bankruptcy protection for itself and fourteen of its companies. Under the bankruptcy law, a business can continue to operate while it tries to negotiate new credit with companies and banks to whom it owes money. Enron began failing in October as some of its financial problems became known. The value of its stock quickly fell. The stock closed Thursday at thirty-six cents a share. Less than a year ago, each share of Enron stock sold for more than eighty dollars. Enron will continue to try to do business with the aid of court protection. However Enron has already dismissed four-thousand of its more than twenty-one-thousand workers. Most of those dismissed were employees that worked at the company’s headquarters in the western city of Houston, Texas. Last week, Enron dismissed about one-thousand- one-hundred employees in Europe. These actions caused anger among the workers because the company’s retirement plan had already lost more than one- thousand-million dollars. Many employees not only lost their jobs, but also lost the money they had invested in the company as part of their retirement plan. Reports say the United States Justice Department has begun a criminal investigation into the company’s activities. The Labor Department says it is examining the company’s dealings with the employees’ retirement plan. The Security and Exchange Commission already is investigating Enron’s finances. And Congressional committees have announced they will hold hearings to investigate the failure of Enron and the investment actions of the company’s senior officials. The Enron Corporation has brought legal charges against the Dynegy Company. Enron says Dynegy had agreed to link with Enron. Enron says this would have saved it. Enron says the Dynegy Company refused to honor a legal business agreement. Enron is asking the court to force Dynegy to pay ten thousand million dollars in damages. The Enron Corporation once was the world’s largest energy trader. Its failure is affecting energy markets in many countries including Germany, Britain and India. Reports say companies and banks that have lent money to Enron could lose at least five-thousand-million dollars. Experts say what caused Enron to fail will be the subject of legal questions and court actions for many months.
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