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过去完成时上课摘要

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过去完成时 上课 摘要
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一.完成句子 1.Even though it is spring, you had better _____the windows _______(让窗子关着 ) 2. Don’t ______him______(等着)outside in the train. 3.He would like to _____the apple ______ (未吃完的)up and threw away. 4.Parents always _____him _____ ____it himself.(让自己做) 5.You had better ______him____ (在角落里 leave closed leave waiting leaveuneaten leave to do leavein the corner Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时 Ali learned English. He came to England. Ali had learned English before he came to England. 现在 过 去 过去的过去 Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时 • Had +过去分词 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words. ② By the time he was twenty, he had won about ten medals. ③ When I got there, they had already left. Past perfect Tense 过去完成时 一、概念 过去完成时表示过去某一时间或某 一事件之前已经发生的动作或状态 ,即过去的过去。图示如下: 过去完成 过去 现在 将来 二、构成: • 肯定句:主语+had+过去分词 • 否定句:主语+had not+过去分词 • 疑问句:Had+主语+过去分词…? When we got there, the football match had already started. He hadn’t worked for two years by then. Had he finished the work by last month? 1. By yesterday evening, she had finished reading the book. 2. By the end of last year, they had built many new houses. 4. When I came in, he had finished his homework. 1、表示过去的过去,通常由when或by引导的短语 或者从句做时间状语或时间状语从句. 过去完成时态的用法: 3.By the end of last month, I had lived in Beijing for 8 years. 5.When I came to Shanghai, he had been there for a long time. 句型: 1. 主语+过去完成时+ + 主语+一般过去时 before when by the time 1)She had waited for two hours before she heard her name called. 2)He had just left by the back door when the policemen broke down the front door and got into the house. 3)Laura had learnt everything about the event by the time her husband gathered enough courage to tell her about it. 2.主语+一般过去时+after + 主语+过去完成时 • The policemen broke down the front door and got into the house after he had just left by the back door. • She heard her name called after he had waited for two hours. 3.主语+过去完成时+ +过去时间点 1) Einstein had gained world fame by 1914. • He had collected 56 stamps till last year. • He hadn't seen any elephant up to yeaterday. By Up to till 2、常用在宾语从句中.当宾语从句的主句为 一般过去时,且从句的动作先于主句的动作 时,从句要用过去完成时。在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。 如: 1) He told me he had already finished his homework. 2) I realized he had fooled me again. 3) She said that she had seen the film before. 3、体现在上下文中. 1) I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice. 2) I met Wang Tao in the street yesterday. We hadn't seen each other since he came to Beijing. (4) 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等, 用过去完成时表示“原本…,未能…“ We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. I had intended to call on you yesterday, but I had an unexpected visitor. 注意:before, after 引导的时间状语从句中,由于 before 和 after 本身已表达了动作的先后关系,若主、 从句表示的动作紧密相连,则主、从句都用一般过去时。 如: Where did you study (had you studied) before you came here? After he closed the door, he left the classroom. 过去完成时与现在完成时的区别: 现在完成时表示的动作发生在过去,但侧重对现在产 生的结果或造成的影响,与现在有关,其结构为“助动词 have (has) + 过去分词”;过去完成时则是一个相对的时 态,它所表示的动作不仅发生在过去,更强调“过去的过 去”,只有和过去某时或某动作相比较时,才用到它。试 比较: 到目前为止我已经学会了 1000 个英语单词。 I have learned 1000 English words so far. 到那时为止我已经学会了 1000 个英语单词。 I had learned 1000 English words till then. 过去完成时与一般过去时的区别 虽然这两种时态都表示过去发生的动作或存在的状 态,但在使用时应注意以下几点: 1. 时间状语不同:过去完成时在时间上强调“过去的 过去”;而一般过去时只强调过去某一特定的时间。试比 较: They had arrived at the station by ten yesterday. They arrived at the station at ten yesterday. 1. When Mark opened the door, he saw a woman standing there. He _______ her before. A.Never saw B. had never seen c. Never seesD. has never seen 2.He kept looking at her, wondering whether he _____ her somewhere. • SawB. has seen C. SeesD. had seen B D 3.—Geoge and Lucy got married last week. Did you go to their wedding? -No, I ____ . Did they have a big wedding? A.Was not invited B. haven’t been invited C. hadn’t been invitedD. didn’t invite A.4.The new bridge _______ by the end of last month. • Has been designedB. had been designed C. Was designedD. would be designed C B • 1 When I returned home, he _____ (leave). • 2 By ten yesterday evening, she ________ (finish) writing. • 3 He ________ (study) English for five years before he came here. • 4 It ____ _____ (stop) raining when I woke up this morning. • 5 I _______ (not read) the book because I had read it before. had left had finished had studied had stopped didn't read I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class. 3a I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. 现在完成时态 紧密的,近的 ring醒来 等他 出来 run very quickly took a shower quickly Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class. Unluckily I could be late for school Fortunately 从旁边路过 让某人搭便车 办成功,做成刚好 按时 make it (1)(尤指在困难难情况下)准时时到达 The flight leaves in twenty minutes--we‘ll never make it. (2)能够够出席(或到场场) I’m sorry I won‘t be able to make it (for example, to a party) on Saturday. (3)获获得成功 He never really make it as an actor. (4)幸免遇难难,渡过难过难 关,活过过来,熬过过来 The doctors think he is going to make it. (5)表示约约定时间时间 Let's make it half past seven. 1.When I was doing my homework, the clock _____ ______. 当我正在做作业的时候,钟表响了。 2.We are _____ (临近) to the station . 3.He ______ ____ (冲进) the room and caught the thief. 4.I tried to catch the thief but he____ _____ (跑开了) 5.Would you please ____ ____ _____ _____ (搭便车)to the cinema? 6.When I got to school, the final bell was ringing, I ____ ____(刚好) made it to my class. close rushed into ran off give me a ride went off only just Ø Have you ever overslept? Ø Have you ever been late for school? Ø Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? Ø Have you ever locked your keys in your house? Ø Have you ever forgotten a relative’s birthday? Ø Have you ever forgotten a doctor’s or dentist’s appointment? 12.Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? 你曾忘了把作业带到学校吗? 辨析:forget to do 与forget doing forget to do 指的是“忘了去做……”,即该事还未做; 而 forget doing 则指 “忘了做了……”,即该事已经做完, 如: (1) Don’t forget to turn off lights when you go out . (2) Sorry, I forgot to bring the books again. (3) Lucy forgot locking the door. (4) Tom forgot turning off TV. • 7. 昨天我看到了David。自离开学校以来,我 们都没有见过面。 • I saw David yesterday. We had not seen each other since we left school. • 8. 到六月底他们已经治疗了一万多病人。 • By the end of June they had treated over 10,000 patients. • 9. 他在部队干了十年,去年退役了。 • He had served in the army for ten years before he retired last year. • 10. 他告诉我他从小就认识她。 • He told me that he had known her since he was a child. • 11. 汤姆乘飞机回家,他的父亲却已经去世了 。 • Tom flew home, but his father had already died. • 12. 我本来希望昨晚回来的,但没搭上火车。 • I had hoped to be back last night, but I didn’t catch the train. • 13. 我们本想早回来的,但他们不让我们走。 • We had thought to return early but they wouldn’t let us go. • 14. 我原以为我以前见过他。 • I thought I had seen him before. • 15.到他到来时,那人已经离开了。 • By the time he arrived, the man had already left.
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