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邮政速递公司检验检疫知识培训查验201205课件

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邮政速递公司检验检疫知识培训 查验201205
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The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 检验检疫查验知识培训 机场局快件处快件二科 2012.05.16 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 法律法规 v 列入《出入境检验检疫机构实施检验检疫的进出境商品 目录》的进出境商品,必须经出入境检验检疫机构实施 检验检疫和监管,凭检验检疫机构签发的《入/出境货 物通关单》向海关办理进出口手续。 法律依据 : v 《中华人民共和国进出口商品检验法》及其实施条例 v 《中华人民共和国进出境动植物检疫法》及其实施条例 v 《中华人民共和国国境卫生检疫法》及其实施条例 v 《中华人民共和国食品安全法》及其实施条例 v 《中华人民共和国认证认可条例》 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 检验检疫类别 检验检疫类别: v M/N(进出口商品检验) v P/Q(进出境动植物、动植物产品检疫) v R/S(进出口食品卫生监督检验) v V/W(进出境卫生检疫) v L(民用商品入境验证) The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 查验流程概述 v单证审核→现场核查货证→抽采样→送样 检测→判定合格与否→原始记录,结果登 记→证稿拟制→在快件系统中发出相应的 指令 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 入境动植物物及其产品 一、入境动植物物及其产品 第六十条 有下列违法行为之一的,由口岸动植物检疫机关处3000 元以上3万元以下的罚款: (一)未经口岸动植物检疫机关许可擅自将进境、过境动植物、动植 物产品和其他检疫物卸离运输工具或者运递的; (二)擅自调离或者处理在口岸动植物检疫机关指定的隔离场所中隔 离检疫的动植物的; (三)擅自开拆过境动植物、动植物产品和其他检疫的包装,或者擅 自开拆、损毁动植物检疫封识或者标志的; (四)擅自抛弃过境动物的尸体、排泄物、铺垫材料或者其他废弃物 ,或者未按规定处理运输工具上的泔水、动植物性废弃物的。 ——《中华人民共和国进出境动植物检疫法实施条例》 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 禽流感 v禽流感是由禽流感病毒(AIV)所引起的一种主要 流行于鸡群中的烈性传染病。高致病力毒株可致 禽类突发死亡,是国际兽疫局规定的A类疫病, 也能感染人。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. v 注意:检疫无豁免,我国的《外交特权与豁免条例》规 定,外交人员的私人行李是免检的,但是,中国有关机 关有重大理由推定其中装有检疫法规定管制物品的,可 以查验。对享有外交、领事特权与豁免的外交人员的入 境动植物、动植物产品和其他检疫物均需实施动植物检 疫。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 木质包装 二、木质包装 定义: 用于承载、包装、铺垫、支撑、加固货物的木质材料。 如木板箱、木条箱、木托盘、木框、木桶、木轴、木楔 、垫木、枕木、衬木等。 以下除外: v 经人工合成或经加热、加压等深度加工的包装用木质材 料,如胶合板、刨花板、纤维板等。 v 薄板旋切芯、锯屑、木丝、刨花等木质材料以及厚度等 于或小于6mm的木质材料。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 木质包装 v 进境木包装应当在输出国家或地区政府检疫主管部门监 督下按照国际植物保护公约(IPPC)的要求进行除害处 理,并加施IPPC专用标识。报检时提供收货方提供的并 加盖公章的已加施IPPC标示的声明。 v 旅客携带物、邮寄物使用的木质包装未加施IPPC标识的 ,经检疫未发现活的有害生物的,准予入境;发现活的 有害生物的,对木质包装进行除害处理。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 木质包装 相关法律法规: v 15号国际植物检疫措施标准 v 2005年第11号公告 v 进境货物木质包装检疫监督管理办法 (2005年第84号 令) v 上海口岸进境货物木质包装检疫监督管理办法 v 上海口岸进境货物木质包装集中查验管理办法 v 其他法律法规 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 木质包装查验的由来 v 1999年以前 我国出口至美、日、韩三国的所有 木质包装必须实施熏蒸处理。 v 1999年 我国进口来自美、日、韩三国的所有 针叶木质包装必须实施热处理。 v 2004年——2005年 国际社会普遍认为入境货物木质包装 存在很大的植物疫情传入风险 v 2006年 开始实施IPPC标识 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. IPPC的作用 v具有可追溯性 v国家 v处理单位 v处理方式 相当于植检证书相当于植检证书 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. v (IPPC)标记应: - 按照这里所示的样式 - 容易辨认 - 永久性及不可改变性 v 注意:IPPC标识加施在木托底部、标识缺损、非永久性加 施在木托上(如使用铁皮固定)、使用红色、橙色等进行 标记等情况均视为IPPC标识不合格,做违规处理。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 小蠹白蚁危害症状 大蠹蛾幼虫 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 病虫名称:松材线虫 v 拉丁学名: Bursaphelenchusxylophilus(SteineretBuhrer) v 英文名: Pinewoodnematodedisease, Pinewiltdiseasecausedbypinewoodnematode The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 分类地位和形态特征 v 线形动物门(Nemathelminthes)线虫纲(Nematoda)垫刃目 (Tylenchida)滑刃科(Aphelenchoididae)。 v 一生多寄生在木材中。线虫成虫虫体长约1毫米,雌虫尾 部近圆锥形,末端圆;雄虫尾部似鸟爪,向腹面弯曲。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 传播途径 v 远距离传播主要依靠带有松材线虫病的松木木材及其木 制品、木包装传播,例入:家居装饰材料,电线电缆的 包装材料、建筑模板、家庭装修用材、家俱、玩具等。 v 近距离传播主要依靠媒介昆虫松褐天牛等传播。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 危害情况 v 松材线虫引起的松材萎蔫病被称为松树的癌症,是一种毁 灭性病害,具有传播途径多、发病部位隐蔽、致病力强, 寄主死亡速度快;传播快,且常常猝不及防;潜伏时间 长、治理难度大等特点。该病于1980年首次在日本发现 。 v 据不完全统计,我国自1982年发生该病后的10年间,发 生面积约达38000h㎡,造成松树死亡1400000株以上, 损失木材50000m3。用于病害的防治经费亦达645万元。 它不仅给国民经济造成巨大损失,也破坏了自然景观及 生态环境,对我国丰富的松林资源构成严重威胁。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 危害症状 v 松材线虫通过松褐天牛补充营养的伤口进入木质部,寄 生在树脂道中。在大量繁殖的同时移动,逐渐遍及全株 ,并导致树脂道薄壁细胞和上皮细胞的破坏和死亡,造 成植株失水,蒸腾作用降低,树脂分泌急剧减少和停止 。所表现出来的外部症状是针叶陆续变为黄褐色乃至红 褐色,萎蔫,最后整株枯死。 v 病死木的木质部往往由于有蓝变菌的存在而呈现蓝灰色 。病害发展过程分4个阶段: v (1)外观正常,树脂分泌减少,蒸腾作用下降,在嫩枝上 往往可见天牛啃食树皮的痕迹;(2)针叶开始变色,树脂 分泌停止,除见天牛补充营养痕迹外,还可发现产卵刻 槽及其它甲虫侵害的痕迹;(3)大部分针叶变为黄褐色, 萎蔫,可见到天牛及其它甲虫的蛀屑;(4)针叶全部变为 黄褐色至红褐色,病树整株干枯死亡。此时树体一般有 许多次期害虫栖居。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 松材线虫形态特征 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 领馆自用物品 v 各地检验检疫机构口岸查验时,需核对进境自用物品品 名、数(重)量,确保其与报检的货物清单一致。对进 境自用生活用品以及预包装食品,免于实施商品检验、 食品卫生检验,免于加施中文标签;进境属于《实施强 制性产品认证的产品目录》中的产品,无需办理强制性 产品认证;对进境动植物及其产品、特殊物品,按规定 实施检疫。——《关于外国及国际组织驻华官方机构自 用物品进境检验检疫有关事项的公告》2008年第79号 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 三、进口食品和食品添加剂 第十七条 进口食品在取得检验检疫合格证明之前, 应当存放在检验检疫机构指定或者认可的监管场所, 未经检验检疫机构许可,任何单位和个人不得动用。 ——进出口食品安全管理办法(总局令第144号) 进口食品和食品添加剂 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 现场核查货证: v 检查运输工具的卫生状况,运输工具的储运条件是否满足实际 需要,对需要冷冻(藏)的食品,检查其温度控制条件是否满 足或符合要求; v 核对报检单上所提供的货物的数量、名称、规格与实际到货情 况; v 检查外包装是否存在破损、腐败变质、水湿霉变、虫蛀或其他 有害生物,以及检查包装的标记、唛头、标识、生产日期/批 号、保质期; v 抽样检查进口预包装食品是否按规定印制及加施了符合要求的 中文标签; v 其他规定的检验检疫要求。 进口工业食品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 进口工业食品 抽采样: v 一般情况下以1个报检批为单位,随机抽取相应的样品,单份样品数 重量原则上不得少于0.5公斤,同时对同系列产品可平行抽取参考( 对照)样品。 v 风险预警预报的进口工业食品检验抽样原则上按照风险预警、通报 、通知要求所规定的抽样对象(范围)及其.的抽样比例及数量进行 抽样,并按照检验检疫要求做好相应的记录。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 四、进口化妆品 现场核查货证: v 经营单位提供的电子版货物清单是否与实际货物相符,唛头/ 标记等是否与报检单证相符; v 进口化妆品成品的标签标注是否符合我国相关的法律法规及国 家技术规范的强制性要求; v 运输工具、集装箱或存放场所的卫生状况 v 进口货物的木包装检疫按相关规定执行; v 其他规定的检验检疫要求。 进口化妆品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 抽采样: v 现场抽样的检验检疫人员应根据IC系统中提示的抽样比例情况 对每一报检批次的进口化妆品成品、半成品进行实验室检测。 如需增加抽样样品的应注明原因。 v 样品的抽样数量,应满足检验、复验、备查等使用需要。 进口化妆品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 五、进口强制性认证产品 现场核查货证: v 核查产品的制造商信息、生产企业名称及地址、产品名称、型 号、规格等与CCC证书的一致性; v 核查产品是否加施CCC标志,所加施CCC标志的真伪,以及样式 、种类(S、EMC、S&E、F等)与《强制性产品认证标志管理办 法》(国家认监委2001年1号公告)、强制性认证实施规则的 符合性; v 核查产品的电源插头、铭牌标示、说明书、警示等与CCC认证 相关技术规范的符合性。 进口强制性认证产品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 不合格处置: 进口强制性认证产品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. v中国国家认证认可监督管理委员会(认监委)网 站: vhttp://www.cnca.gov.cn/cnca/ The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 六、进口特殊物品 现场核查货证 v 检查出入境特殊物品名称、批号、规格、数量、输出/输入国 和生产厂家等项目是否与审批单列明的内容相符; v 检查出入境特殊物品包装是否安全无破损,不渗、不漏; 进口特殊物品 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 七、进口轻纺服装及仿真首饰 轻纺服装:列入《出入境检验检疫机构实施检验检 疫的进出境商品目录》61、62章节及法律法规规定 的其他必须由检验检疫机构实施检验的进口纺织品 、服装 。 仿真首饰:HS编码为7117110000(贱金属制袖扣、 饰扣)、7117190000(其他贱金属制仿首饰)、 7117900000(未列名材料制仿首饰) 的商品。 进口轻纺服装及仿真首饰 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 谢 谢!
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