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2015-2016学年牛津译林版七年级上册英语全册课件Unit8-Grammar(1).ppt

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牛津译林版八年级英语上Unit1 Grammar1课件ppt 2015-2016学年八年级英语 译林版七年级英语上册 Unit 8 grammar1 牛津译林版七年级英语上册 Grammar
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Present continuous tense 现在进行时 Studying aims 1.To learn to use the present continuous tense. 2. To know how to make the –ing form of a verb. Look at the following sentences. Pay attention to the red parts. 1. I am wearing sports clothes and a pair of trainers. 2. Now Amy and Daniel are coming. 3. Amy is wearing a yellow cotton blouse and a blue scarf. 上面三句话中所出现的动作有什么 特别之处? Lead in Tomplayfootball.ising Lucy is reada book. zxxk ing Task 1 Look and say They watchTVareing Look ! The kidstalkareing. now. She write to her friendisingnow. (写信给) He wait for the busisingnow. (等候) The girl lie ison the grass now. (lie 平躺---lying) •ying Task 2 精讲点拨 现在进行时(The Present Continuous Tense) 1. 含义: ①现在进行时态表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发 生的动作。如: The students are listening to the teacher. He is watching TV now. ② 现在进行时态还可以表示当前一段时间内的 活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。如: We are working on a farm these days . I am writing a book this year. 现在进行时句式结构: 主语+ be + v-ing •be由主语的人称或单复数来决定 我用am,你用are, is 紧跟他,她,它, 复数一律都用are。 现在进行时的构成: am/ is/are (+ not)v-ing Iam ( not )eating You/We/Theyare ( not ) He/She/Itis ( not ) Positive and negative forms (肯定和否定形式): •肯定式结构:主语+ be + 动词-ing + 其 他. •否定式结构:主语+ be + not + 动词-ing + 其他. • go --- going • do --- doing • watch --- watching • wait --- waiting • eat --- eating • clean --- cleaning • read --- reading • talk --- talking zx/xk 动词现在分词一览表动词现在分词一览表 Task 3 Look and say ①一般情况下,直接加 –ing ; • write --- writing • take --- taking • have --- having • make --- making • come --- coming • skate --- skating • dance --- dancing • leave --- leaving • practise --- practising 动词现在分词一览表动词现在分词一览表 ②以不发音的e结尾的,去e加-ing; • shop --- shopping • cut --- cutting • stop --- stopping • put --- putting • get --- getting • begin --- beginning • swim --- swimming • chat--- chatting • plan--- planning • run--- running • sit --- sitting 动词现在分词一览表动词现在分词一览表 ③以重读闭音节结尾的,双写结尾 的辅音字母加-ing. lie--- lying die--- dying tie--- tying 动词现在分词一览表动词现在分词一览表 ④以ie 结尾的动词-ie + y + ing. •Work out the rule! •动词ing(现在分词)的构成规律 动词ing形式的构成: 大多数动词 + ingthink → thinking 以不发音e 结尾的动词 - e + ingtake → taking 以ie 结尾 的动词 -ie + y + ing lie → lying 某些以“一 个元音字母 + 一个辅音 字母”结尾 的动词 双写辅音字 母+ ing run → running swim → swimming get → getting •写出下列动词的现在分词形式 read — look — dance — write — sit — get— die— tie— reading dancingwriting sittinggetting looking dyingtying 1.与现在进行时连用的时间状语: •now 现在 right now 此刻,现在;立刻,马上 • at the moment 此刻,现在 at present现在,目前 2.提示语: look, listen,don’t speak等提醒听着注意正在发 生的事。 •Don’t speak! The baby is sleeping. •Listen ! Someone is singing in the next room. 3.It’s … (点时间). Where’s sb.? *上下文提示 Task 4 现在进行时的关键词 • 补充: • 表示位置移动的瞬间性动词,可用现在进 行时表示一般将来时。 • E.g.The bus is coming . 1.Look! Someone ______ (knock) your door 找关键词,完成句子。找关键词,完成句子。 2. My parents ( not talk) with Lily now. 3. —What is he doing? —He (put)on his clothes. 4. Don’t talk.Jim _______(do) his homework. 5. Listen! They ___________ (play) the violin. 6.____ Millie _______ TV with their parents at home now?(watch) is knocking aren’t talking is putting is doing are playing Is watching What are they doing? Simon _________ (look)at some football cards. Kitty and Sandy __________(eat) ice creams. is looking are eating What are they doing? Millie ________ (pay)for her new shoes. is payingDaniel __________ (play)computer games. is playing What are they doing? I ____________ (carry)lots of shopping bags. am carryingWe ___________ (have)some cold drinks. are having It is 5 p.m. Rewrite the sentences to say what is going on now. Every day at 5 p.m.Now Mother ____ dinner. Mother ________ dinner. cooks is cooking The boys ____ football. play The boys ____ _______ football. are playing Task 6 Every day at 5 p.m.Now Mr Li _______ TV. Mr Li _________ TV. watchesis watching My aunt ______ coffee. drinks My aunt ______ ________ coffee. is drinking 堂清知识 Exercises on Page97 •1.Look! Simon ________ (play) football with his friends in the playground. •2.It’s 4 o’clock in the afternoon. Daniel __________ (study) in the classroom. •3.Millie _________ (write) a letter to her friends about the fashion show •4.Sandy is a member of the basketball team. Now she ________ (practise) with team members. •5.Where is Amy? Oh, she __________ (talk) to her cousin Shirley. They __________ (wait) for the school bus. •6.I have dancing lessons. I ________ (look) for my dancing shoes. is playing is studying is writing is practising is talking are waiting am looking Useful phrases: • write a letter to her friend • a member of… • practise with other team members • talk to sb (talk with sb/talk about sth) • wait for the school bus • look for my dancing shoes 自学指导: 1.独立完成下列练习。 2.学生板演(全对加4分)。 3.小组讨论,核对答案。(AB生帮扶CD 生过关),学生展示。 当堂检测 1. jump ________ 2. ski ___________ 3. clean ________ 4. see ___________ 5. ride _________ 6. make _________ 7. take _________ 8. love __________ 9. stop _________ 10. swim _________ 11. run _________ 12. chat __________ 13. play ________ 14. stay __________ 15. lie __________ jumpingskiing cleaningseeing ridingmaking takingloving stoppingswimming runningchatting playingstaying lying I. 写出下列动词的现在分词。 II. 根据句子中的时间情境完成动词填空。 1. It’s six o’clock in the morning. Simon _________ (get) up. 2. Look! Some boys ___________ (make) model planes. 3. The dog _______ (lie) on the ground now. 4. At the moment, we ___________ (listen) to our teacher. 5. Listen, Daniel ___________ (sing) an English song. is getting are making is lying are listening is singing 1. The boy is not looking for his book. (改为 肯定句) ———————————————— 2. Daniel and his friends are having some cold drinks. (改为否定句) ———————————————— ———————————————— The boy is looking for his book. Daniel and his friends aren’t having any cold drinks. III. 句型转换练习。 1. The Class 1, Grade 7 students _________ (have) lesson at present. 2. The Class 1, Grade 7 students _______ (have) English lesson every day. 3. Amy and Sandy ___________ (watch) TV right now. 4. Sandy often _______ (watch) TV. 5. It’s 14:15 now and Daniel ___________ (have) English lesson. 6. Daniel ______ (have) English lesson every Tuesday afternoon. are having have are watching watches is having has IV. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。
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