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2012届高考历史第二轮教材知识复习课件10

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2012届高考历史第二轮总复习 2012届高考历史 2012届高考历史第二轮 2012 届高考历史第二轮 2012届高三历史二轮复习课件 届高三历史二轮复习课件 2012届高考 第二轮总复习
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To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 史学范式是史学家研究历史的范型和模式,是历史观和方法论的统一, 也是史学观点、史学范畴和史学方法等有机集合体。高中新课标程式下的 史学范式已从单一走向多元,在传统单 一的阶级斗争范式(或称革命史范 式)基础上,又出现了文明史范式、整体史范式(亦称全球史范式)、现代化 范式、社会史范式、生态史范式等五种新史学范式。这些新的史学范式, 提高了历史研究的框架性认识。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 1.文明史观 文明史观,通常被称为文明史研究范式,是研究历史的一种理论模式。 文明史观认为 ,一部人类社会发展史从本质上说就是人类文明演进的历 史。 从横向看,人类文明史的内涵包括物质文明、政治文明和精神文明;从 纵向看,人类文明经历了渔猎采集时代、农业文明时代(包括新石器时代 、青铜时代、铁器时代)、工业文明时代(包括手工工场时代、蒸汽时代、 电气时代和信息时代)。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform (2011年高考浙江卷)在历史发展进程中,人类社会逐步告别“小国寡民 ”时代,世界从分散走向整体。下列各项中,与“小国寡民”相关的是( ) ①老子向往的理想社会 ②屈原追求的“美政”理想 ③罗马法的基 础 ④雅典民主制的重要条件 A.①②③ B.①③④ C.①④ D.③④ [思路点拨] 本题考查“小国寡民”的历史概念,进而考查对农业文明时 代社会特征的理解,因此体现了对文明史观的考查。老子向往的理想社会 是“小国寡民”的原始社会,因此①正确;屈原在治国上追求“美政”, 即明君贤臣,共兴楚国,因此②错;罗马崛起于亚平宁半岛的台伯河畔, 其政治体制与希腊城邦小国寡民的政治体制不同,③错;雅典民主制的重 要条件是城邦制度,也与“小国寡民”相关,④正确。 [答案] C To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 2.全球史观 全球史观是将人类社会的历史作为一个整体来看待的,又称为整体史观 。它从世界历史的整体发展和统一性方面考察历史,认为人类历史的发展 过程是从分散向整体发展转变的过程,这一转变开始于新航路的开辟。 全球史观以“社会空间”作为审视历 史的基本单位。如果说唯物史观以 社会形态作为审视历 史的基本单位,文明史观以文明作为审视历 史的基本 单位,那么全球史观是以“社会空间”作为审视历 史的基本单位的。 全球史观最早是欧美史学家摈弃欧洲中心论的产物,希望用“世界的欧 洲”代替“欧洲的世界”,全球史观的出现推动了世界史学的发展,对于 反对狭隘的民族主义史学具有积极意义。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform (2010年高考海南卷)历史学家吴于廑说,世界历史的内容是“对人类历 史自原始、孤立、分散的人群发展为全世界成一密切联系整体的过程进行 系统探讨和阐述”;杰弗里·巴勒克拉夫认为:“现在世界上某个地区发生 的事件不再可能像过去那样对其他地区不发生影响,20世纪的历史名副其 实是全世界的历史。”上述两位历史学家对于世界历史的解释突出反映了( ) A.进化史观 B.文明史观 C.整体史观 D.现代化史观 [思路点拨] 由“世界历史的内容是‘对人类历史……密切联系整体的 过程进行系统探讨和阐述’”和“20世纪的历史名副其实是全世界的历史 ”可知两位历史学家均强调应该从整体上把握世界历史,C项正确;A、B 、D三项显然与题干中材料无关,排除。 [答案] C To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 3.现代史观 通常情况下,现代化有时候也称近代化。它是指由传统社会向现代社会 变迁的过程(传统农业 社会向工业社会的变迁过程),包括政治上的法制 化、民主化,即从人治到法治、从专制到民主等;经济上的工业化,即 从传统农业 到现代工业、从自然经济到商品经济等;思想文化上的科 学化、理性化;社会生活的现代化。现代化是一场全方位的社会变革, 其核心是经济的工业化和政治的民主化。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform (2011年高考江苏卷)近代世界史上,英国在政治变革与经济发展方面远远 走在其他国家前列,由此成为现代化潮流的“领头羊”。阅读下列材料: 材料一 工业革命之所以首先发生在英国,主要是由于该国在……十七 世纪时,政治结构……已经发展到适合于工业化的程度。 ——奇波拉《欧洲经济史》 材料二 从18世纪70~80年代起,一直到19世纪30年代……英国出现了 这样一幅奇特的景象:保守主义的政治与快速发展的经济同行。 ——刘成等《英国:从称霸世界到回归欧洲》 材料三 1796年时,120名下院议员是贵族或贵族子孙,占下院总人数的 21%,还有数百人与贵族有亲戚关系,或者是在贵族的赞助下当选的,二者 加在一起,超过全院人数的70%。 ——程汉大《文化传统与政治变革》 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development,
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