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七年级英语下册Unit5Canyoucometomyparty?SectionA(1a-1c)课件

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partySectionA1a-1c课件 七年级英语下册 partySection partySectionA1a partySectionA 1a- --1 section a
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Unit 5 Can you come to my party? A: Can you swim? B: Yes, I can. /No, I can’t. A: Can you play football? B: Yes, I can. /No, I can’t. 表示能力的回答 Language Goals: Make invitations Decline invitations accept invitations Talk about obligations A: Can you come to my birthday party? B: Sure, I’d love \like to. 接受邀请请的 回答 A: Can you come to my birthday party? B: Sure, I’d love\like to. A: Can you come to my birthday party? B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to … 拒绝邀请 的回答 help my parents. Work in pairsWork in pairs A: Can you come to my birthday party? B: Sorry, I can’t. … 自由操练 可参考图片 I have to prepare for an exam . Explanation 1. can 的用法 (1)表邀请。 若接受邀请,回答为: OK./All right./Sure./ Of course./Certainly./ Yes(Sure),I’d love(like) to. 若不接受邀请,回答为: Sorry,Ican’t.(+原因) eg . Can you come to the party? Yes/Sure,I’d love/like to. Sorry,Ican’t. I have to help my parents. 其他表邀请的句型: 1) Could /Will/Would you come to the party? 2) Would you like /love to come to the party? 3) I hope you come to the party. 4) Please come to the party. 5) How/What about coming to the party? (2)表能力“能,会”否定句 can’t不能 eg. He can swim,but I can’t. How long can you stay under water? (3)在否定句,疑问句中表示“不可能”或“一定不” eg. Can he come ?No,he can’t come.(他会来吗 ?不,他不能来.) 2.情态动词“have to”与其他的情态动 词如:“can” , “may” “must”和 “should” 不同。 (1)这4个情态动词没有人称和 数的变化,而have to有。它的第三 人称单数为“has to” ,过去时为had to, 如: He should study hard . 他应该好好学习。 He has to study hard . 他不得不好好学习。 (2)这4个情态动词在一般疑问句中 将它们放在句首, 在否定句中直接在他 们后边加not即可。 我们以can为例: Can he go with us ? 他能和我们一起去吗? He can’t go with us . 他不能和我们一起去。 而“have to”要加助动词do , has to要加助动词does ,还原 have to had to要加助动词did,还原 have to 才可能完成其疑问、否定句。 试将下面三种话分别写成 (1)一般疑问句,并做肯定回答。 (2)否定句。 1: They have to go to the party . Do they have to go to the party ? Yes , they do . They don’t have to go to the party. 2:He has to go to see the doctor . Does he have to go to see the doctor? Yes , he does . He doesn’t have to go to see the doctor . 3: She had to have a piano lesson yesterday. Did she have to have a piano lesson yesterday? Yes, she did . She didn’t have to have a piano lesson yesterday. 2 .have to强调客观上需要做某事,即表示外界 条件的需要不得不做某事,含有“客观所迫”的意 味,它有人称和数的变化,可用于多种时态中, 否定式为“不必”。 • must强调说话者主观上认为必须做某事,含 有“主观判断”的意味,它的否定式意为“禁止, 不允许”。 • eg. If one gets ill,he’ll have to see a doctor. • She has to go to school by bus. • We must go to school on time. • ---Must I finish the homework now ? • ---Yes, you must./No,you needn’t(don’t have to). • You mustn’t play football in the classroom. 3. I have to help my parents . 我不得不帮助我的父母。 help sb. with sth .或help sb (to) do sth . 上一句我们可以说: I have to help my parents with the housework . 或说I have to help my parents (to) do the housework . • 4. have 构成的短语 1). have a rest/look/swim/walk 2).have a meeting/class/lesson/drink(喝一杯饮料) /party 3).have breakfast/lunch/supper(dinner)/meals 4).have a good time/have fun (in) doing sth. 5).have a try 试一试 6). have sth on 穿戴着(不可用进行时)=be wearing eg. But he has nothing on.可他什么也没穿。 7). have/let/make sb.do sth.=get sb.to do sth.让某人做某事 8). have sth.done 请/叫某人做某事 eg. I have the students answer my questions.我让学生回答我的问题。 Tim will have his hair cut tomorrow. Tim 明天要去理发。 Can you • A: Can you come to my birthday party? • B: Sorry, I can’t. … • I have the flu . • =I have a cold. =I catch a cold. Can you • A: Can you come to my birthday party? • B: Sorry, I can’t. … • I have to go to the doctor. Can you • A: Can you come to my birthday party? • B: Sorry, I can’t. … I have to meet my friend Today we have learnt how to say “yes” or “no” to someone’s invitation and give a reason. 1) Can you …?常用于发出邀请.在口语也用would you like to …? Could you …? 2) Sure , I’d love to .这是对邀请的肯定回答, 表示 接受邀请.Sure用于口语, 相当于Certainly, yes. 3) Sorry, I can’t. 是对邀请的否定回答。Have to “ 不得不, 必须”,三单用has to . A:Can you come to my party? B:I’m sorry. I have to help my mom. A: Can you play tennis ? B: Sure,I’d love to. Can you… A: Can you come to my party? B: Sure,I’d love to. A:Can you go to the mall? B:I’m sorry. I’m going to the movies. Can you… 1a. Match the words with the pictures. Match the words with the pictures[a-e] prepare for an eaxm meet my friend have the flu go to the doctor help my parents 1. Prepare for an exam _______ 2. help my parents _______ 3. go to the doctor ______ 4. meet my friend _______ 5. have the flu _______ Check the answers! b c d e a 1b Listen and write the names (Tim, Kay, Anna and Wilson) next to the correct students in the picture. Tim Anna Kay Wilson Language points 1. I have to help my parents. 我不得不帮助我的父母。 help sb. with sth.或help sb (to) do sth. 上一句我们可以说: I have to help my parents with the housework. 或说 I have to help my parents (to) do the housework. 2. invite v. 邀请 invite sb. to sth. e.g. Lucy invites me to her party. The Smiths invite us to dinner. invitation n. 邀请, 邀请书 e.g. make an invitation accept an invitation decline invitation Thanks for your invitation! 3.I’m sorry, I’m not available. 真抱歉,我没有空。 此句中的available 表示“ 有空;不忙; 有时间交谈或聊天”, 其后还可用 to do 引 出具体的事情。例如: Are you available tomorrow morning? 明天早上你有空吗? I’m afraid I’m not available to help with the school show on the 19th. 我怕是没空来帮着准备学校19号的演出了。 4. I have an exam on Monday so I must prepare for it. 周一有考试试,所以我必须为须为 其做准备备。 一、prepare用作及物动词时动词时 1). prepare sth.表示“准备备”,后接名词词或 代词词作宾语宾语 e.g. Our English teacher was preparing the lessons when I came into the office. 我进办进办 公室时时,我们们的英语语老师师在备课备课 。 当宾语宾语 是食物之类类的东东西时时,可译为译为 “制;做” e.g. Mother was preparing dinner in the kitchen while Father was watching TV. 妈妈妈妈 在做饭饭,而爸爸在看电视电视 。 2). prepare sb. sth.表示“给给准备备“,也可 转换为转换为 prepare sth. for sb. e.g. She prepared us a nice breakfast. = She prepared a nice breakfast for us. 她给给我们们准备备了可口的早餐。 3). prepare sb. for sth. 表示“使某人对对某事有所准备备” 例如: She said so because she wanted to prepare her father for the bad news. 她这样说这样说 因为为她想使爸爸对对那个坏消息有准备备。 4). prepare to do sth.表示“准备备做”。 e.g. They were preparing to cross the river when it began to rain. 他们们正准备过备过 河,突然下雨了。 二、prepare用作不及物动词时动词时 : prepare for sth.表示“为为做准备备“ e.g. The students are busy preparing for the final exam. 学生们们正在准备备期末考试试。 1c. Group work A: Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? B: Sure, I’d love to. C: Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam. D: I’m sorry, too. I must go to the doctor. How to accept an invitation • Yes, I’d love/like to. • Certainly, I’d love/like to. • Sure, I’d love/like to. • Thanks for your invitation. • Thanks for asking me. How to decline an invitation • I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to… • I’d love to, but I have to… • Sorry, I can’t. I’m going to the movies. • Thanks for your invitation. • Thank you for asking me. 填空 1. --_______ you come to my party? --_______, I’d love to. 2. --_______ you go to the movies? --I’m sorry, I _______. 3. -- _______ you go to the basketball game? --No, I ______. I’m playing soccer. 4. --______ you go to the concert? --Great! I’d ______ _____. 5. -- _______ you go to the mall this week? --Sorry, I _______. Can Yes Can can’t Can can’t Can love to Can can’t 单项选择 1. I have _____ homework to do. A. too many B. too much C. much too D. a few 2. He ___ stay at home, because his mother was ill. A. has to B. have to C. had D. had to 3. I went to the mountain _____. A. next week B. the day after tomorrow C. yesterday D. tomorrow B D C 4. ____ Friday morning, I like to go to the movie ___ friends. A. In, on B. On, with C. On, and D. At, with 5. Would you please ____me ____ the housework? A.help, in B. to help, with C. help, doing D. help, do B D 6. Are you ___ football this weekend? A. playing B. play C. play a D. Plays 7. I have to go to my guitar lesson ____ 19:00___20:00 __ the evening. A. from, to, on B. in, at , on C. from, to, in D. at, at, on A C
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