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八年级英语仁爱版上册总复习资料

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八年级英语仁爱版上册总复习 • Unit 1 Playing Sports Topic 1Are you going to play basketball? 二 重点句型 • 1. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么? • 2. Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运动? I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪. • 3. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗? • 4. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在 体育馆. • 5. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping. 她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳. • 6. What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动? 三重点语言点 • 1. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程, see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行. 如: I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路 I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路. [类似的有watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.] • 2. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起” join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”(成为其中的成员) take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动” 如: Will you join us? I will join the skiing club. She is planning to take part in the high jump. • 3. leave… 离开…… leave for… 动身去…/离开到… 如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京. They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本. • 4. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段. how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率. 如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing? He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball? • 5. be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事 如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball. (后接名词,动名) • 6. make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态 keep sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态 如: Playing soccer can make your body strong. Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy. 四 重点语法 • 一般将来时:(一)be going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经 过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用be going to表达 的行动很可能会见诸实践。 如:I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday. 我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。 She is going to buy a sweater for her mother. 她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。 ②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上 或很快就要发生。 如:Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了! (二) will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来 事实,常与表将来的时间状语如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll. • 表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划,是临时的一种 决定。 如(1) ----Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的东西收拾好。 ----I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。 (2)----Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶? ----I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。 (3) Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。 • 表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。 如: I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。 Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。 • 表示许诺。如: I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。 I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你 的。 句式: 肯 定 句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon. 否 定 句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon. 一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon? 回 答:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t. • (三)动词plan, come, go, leave, fly等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事. 如: I’m coming. 我就来。 He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。 We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。 Topic 2 Would you mind passing me some water? • 一、重点词语: (1)词形转换: adj. + ly → adv. loud → loudly soft → softly quiet → quietly clear → clearly angry → angrily easy → easily (2) 过去式: fall → fell break → broke lose →lost throw → threw feel → felt (二) 词组: be a little far from… 离……有点远 right away = at once 立 刻;马上 do one’s best 尽某人的力 be sure to do sth. 确定做某事 be angry with… 生某人的气 turn up/down… 调 高/低(音量) keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 in a minute 一分钟后;马上never mind 不要紧 love/enjoy doing sth喜爱/欢做某事 as well 也 throw…into… 把……投进…… follow/obey the rules遵守规则 more and more people越来越多的人 instead of… 替代…… ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 build up 增进;增强 with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下 • 二.重点句型 1 . Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand?你能帮我吗? 2. Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗? 3. You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意. 4. Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you.让我为你买一个新的。 • 三. 重点语言点 • 1.ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, 只能作表语而既可作表语也可作定语. 如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语) He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语) • 2.Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?” 如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗? Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗? • 3. one of + 名词复数 表示 “其中之一……”, 主语是one,表单数. 如: One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的一个队友又高又壮。 • 4. miss “错过,思念,遗失” 如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车. He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲. My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了. • 5. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某事” 如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time.我们确信下次一定会赢。 • 6. be sorry for… “为某事抱歉” be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了某事” 如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感到抱歉. I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book.很抱歉弄丢你的 书。 • 7. 15-year-old “15岁的” 15 years old “15岁” 如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old. (类似用法: 2.5-mile / 2.5 miles) 8. instead “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号隔开. instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反” 如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去 北京. = I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai. I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水. 9.have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表示 “从做…….中获得乐趣” 如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中得到很大 乐趣。 • 四、交际用语 (一) 请求和回答 Requests Responses • Could you please do me a favor Sure. What is it? • Will you join us? I’d be glad to. • Would you mind teaching me? Not at all. Let’s go and practice. (二)道歉和回答 Apologies Responses • I’m sorry I didn’t call you last night. Never mind.I guess you were busy last night. • I’m sorry I’m late for class. That’s OK. Please take a seat. • I’m sorry I lost your book. It doesn’t matter. That book isn’t important to me. • I’m sorry I broke your pen. Don’t worry. I have another pen. • Topic 3 which sport will you take part in? • 一、重点词组: join the English 加入英语俱乐部 fill out 填出/好 all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方 quite a lot 相当多 make friends with… 与……交朋友 be free 有空 see you then 再见 every four years 每四年;每隔三年 behave well 举止得体 improve the environment 改善环境 a symbol of … 一种……的象征 stand for 代表 do morning exercises 做早操 be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事 二、重点句型 • 1 which sport will you take part in? 你将会参加什么运动? • 2 I’ll be in the long jump and the high jump? 我将参加跳高和跳远。 • 3 I hope so. 希望这样。 • 4 Hello!is that Michael? 喂!你是迈克吗? • 5 when shall we meet? 什么时候见? • 6 let’s make it half past six. 六点半吧。 • 7 Congratulation! 祝贺你! • 三. 重点语言点 1 fill out + 名词 “填好……” fill + 名词/代词+out 如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这 张表格. Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好. 2 be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人. be afraid of… “害怕(做)……” 如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空. He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗. They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛. • 3 may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词 如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师. He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字. • 4 between 在两者之间 among 在三者或三者当中 如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间. The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中. • 5. There be 句型的一般将来时 正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. = There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. 误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend. • 四、交际用语 • 提建议的句型: 1 Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗? 2 What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样? 3 Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢? 4 Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢? 5 Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧! 6 Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗? 7Shall we go hiking? 我们一起去远足好吗? (shall在疑问句中与I 和we连用,表示提出或征求意见. 意思为 “……好吗?/ 要不要……?) Unit 2 Keeping Healthy Topic 1 You’d better go to see a doctor • 一、重点词组: • have a (bad/terrible) cold 患感冒 • havetoothache/backache/headach e/stomachache 牙痛/背痛/头痛/胃痛 • have a cough/fever 患咳嗽/发高 烧 • have the flu 得了流感 • have a sore throat 喉咙发炎 • take/have a (good) rest 好好休息 • sleep well 睡得好 • drink a lot of boiled wate多喝开水 • have a good sleep 好好睡一觉 • feel terrible 感到难受 • take sb. to… 带某人去…… • take some medicine/ pills 吃药 • day and night 日日夜夜 • bad luck 倒霉 • lie down 躺下 • brush one’s teeth 刷牙 • have an accident 出了事故/意外 • send sb. to…. 送某人去…… • not…until… 直到……才… • get well 恢复健康 • plenty of… 充足;大量 • 二、重点句型 • You should see a dentist. 你应该看牙医。 • You shouldn’t lift heavy things. 你不应该提重物。 • You look pale. 你看起来气色不好,很苍白. • You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生. • You’d better not go to school today. 今天你最好不要去上学. • Thank you for your flowers and fruit. 谢谢你送来的鲜花和水果. • I couldn’t read them until today. 直到今天我才读了他们. • 三. 重点语言点 1 medicine “药” 为不可数名词 pill “药片” 为可数名词 如: take some medicine 吃些药 take some cold pills 吃些感冒 药 2 with “含有…” without “没有” 如: hot tea with honey 加蜜的茶 Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶 Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。 4 until “直到……为止” ; 句中动词一般为延续性动词 not …until…. “直到……才…” ; 句中动词一般为短暂性动词 如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到10点为 止. He won’t leave until his father comes . 直到他父亲来他才离开. 5 both…and…. “……和……(两者)都”; 当主语时,谓语动词用复数. 如: I know both Jim and Tom. 吉姆和汤姆俩人我都认识. Both Jim and I are 16 years old. 我和吉姆都是16岁. • 四、交际用语 • (一)询问病情 1 What’s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you ? 有什么不舒服? 2 How are you feeling now? 你现在感觉怎么样? 3 Do you have a cold? 你得了感冒了吗? • (二)诉说病情 1. I feel terrible./ I am feeling terrible. 我感到难受. 2. I have a headache/stomachache/…. 我头痛/肚子痛… 3. I can’t sleep well at night. 我晚上睡不4. 好觉. 4. I cough day and night. 我日日夜夜地咳嗽. 5. But my left leg hurts when I move it. 但是当我移动时,我的左腿 疼. • (三) 表示同 情 1. I’m sorry to hear that.听到这事我感到难过. 2. That’s too bad. 那太糟了. 3. Bad luck. 倒霉. • (四) 表达建议 1. You’d better (not) do sth 最好(不 )做某事. 2. You should/shouldn’t do sth 你(不 ) 应该做某事. 3. Shall I take you to the hospital? 我带你去医院好吗? • Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking? • 一、重点词组: • look tired 看起来很疲劳 • stay up 熬夜 • play sports right after meals 饭后适当运动 • take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气 • be necessary for… 对于……来说是必不可少的 • in the daytime 在白天 • throw litter about 乱扔垃圾 • get enough sleep 得到足够的睡眠 • give up 放弃 • exercise on an empty stomach 空腹锻炼 = without eating anything • need to do sth 需要做某事 • become /be sick 生病 • keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新 • sweep the floors 打扫地板 • as we know 众所周知 • choose the wrong food 选择错误的(不健康的)食品 • in different ways 用不同的方法 • make us sick 使我们生病 (make+名、代+adj 使……怎样。) • 二、重点句型 1. I see. Staying up late is bad for your health. 我明白了. 熬夜有害你的健康. (动名词短语做主语) 2. How did Wang Jun get a headache? 王俊怎样患上头痛的? 3. Is going to bed early good or bad for your health? It’s good. 早点睡觉对你的健康有益还是有害? 有益. (选择问句要根据事实回 答) 4. Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,是身体健康必不可少. 5. The boy becomes sick. 那个男孩生病了. 6. As we know, food gives us enery. 众所周知,食物给我们提供能量. 7. If we eat too little or too much food, or if we choose the wrong food, it can make us sick. 如果我们吃得太少或太多, 或者食物的选择不当会生病的. • 三. 重点语言点 1. be good for… 对……有益 be bad for… 对……有害 如: Swimming is good for health. 游泳对健康有益. Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes. 在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害. 2. exercise (1)表 “锻炼/运动”时, 为不可数名词; (2)表 “练习”或有定语修饰时, 为可数名词. 如: He often takes/does exercise in the morning. 他经常上午锻炼. Please do the exercises at once.请马上做这些练习. He does morning exercises every day. 他每天做早操 Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的锻炼. 3.enough adj. “足够的” 修饰名词时, 既可放在名词之前, 也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前) • 如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作. There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物. adv. “足够地” 修饰形容词或副词时, 均放在所修饰词的后面. • 如: He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果. He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚. • 4.need “需要, 必需” • 1 作实义动词: need sth. 需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事 如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助. You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生. He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车. • 2 作情态动词: need + 动词原形(通常用于否定) 如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了. You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工 作. • 5. too much + 不可数名词 表“太多的……” much too + 形容词 表“太……”,much 起加强语气作用 如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多 的肉。 He is much too fat. 他实在太胖 了。 • 四.重点语法 • 情态动词: ①must “必须, 一定”如: We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习. mustn’t “不可以” 如: You mustn’t walk on the lawn. 你不可以在草坪上行 走. ②should “应该” 如: We should finish it on time. 我们应该按时完成 它. shouldn’t “不该” 如: You shouldn’t go to school late. 你不该上学迟到. ③had better “最好” 如:You had better go to bed early.你最好早睡。 had better not “最好不” 如:You had better not go to bed late. 你最好 不要迟睡。 ④may “可以” 如: May I come in? 我可以进来吗? “可能” 如: You may get a headache when you work too hard. 当你工作太努力时,你可能会头疼. Topic 3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu? • 一、重点词组: • talk with 与……交谈 • hurry up 赶紧/快 • go ahead = go on 继续(问) • spread easily 易传播 • be afraid of… 害怕…… • do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事 • keep away from animals 远离动物 • do house cleaning 打扫屋子 • all the time = always 总是/一直 • examine the patients 检查病人 • take a message 捎口信 • take care of… 照顾…… • = look after / care for • tell/ask sb. to do sth 叫/请某人做某事 • leave a message 留口信 • take an active part in 积极参加 • care for patients 照顾病人 • spend the time /money 度过时光/花钱 • on the phone/Internet 在电话中/在互联网上 • enjoy oneself 过得愉快 • tell sb. a story / stories 给某人讲故事 • take some Chinese medicine 吃些中药 • 二、重点句型 1. Mom,hurry up! 妈妈,快点! 2. May I ask you some questions? 我可以问你一些问题吗? 3. You shoud say no to smoking and drinking.
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