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英语高考核心短语打印用

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高考英语核心 英语高考核心短语
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1. set about • 1.开始 • Gathering up the thread of his story, he set about writing. – 他整理好故事的线索便开始写作。 • 2. 着手做某事 • How should we set about our work? 我们应当怎样着手干呢? • He was overlooked when they set about choosing a new manager. – 选任新经理时没有考虑他。 • Do you know how to set about going on this work? – 你知道怎样着手进行这项工作吗? set aside • 1. 放…一边 • Let's set aside my personal feelings. 不必顾及我个人的感情。 • The judge's decision was set aside by the Appeal Court. – 法官的判决被上诉法庭驳回。 • Set aside for a moment your instinctive dislike of the man. – 暂且不要考虑你从直觉上憎恶他这一因素。 • 2.储存: • He sets aside part of his salary. – 他把工资的一部份存起来。 set back • 推迟 • Mussolini and his group set back the progress of Italy many years. – 墨索里尼一伙使意大利倒退了好多年。 • The cold weather set back the planting by two weeks. 寒冷的天气使插秧推迟两个星期. Financial problems have set back our building program. • 财务上出现问题延误了我们的建设计画。 • set down • 1.标记 • The areas of future redevelopment are set down clearly on a map. 未来的开发区在地图上清晰地标出来了。 Pleading must be submitted to the court when the action is set down for trial. 在诉讼被登记进入审判前答辩状必须呈交法院 2. 放下 He set down the heavy box and took a rest for a while. 他放下沉重的箱子歇了一会儿。 3.归因于 The failure was set down to bad planning. • 这次失败归因于计划不周。 • set in • 1.以…背景 • The novel is set in pre-war London. – 这部小说以战前的伦敦为背景。 2.开始 Spring in East China usually sets in about March. 华东的春天一般约在三月开始。 soft breeze set in at midnight. 午夜时吹来一阵和风。 3. 镶嵌 The diamond was set in a gold ring. • 这颗钻石嵌在一只金戒指上。 • set off • 1.出发 • She set off on a trip across Europe. 她出发去作横越欧洲的旅行. The runners set off at a blistering pace. 赛跑者以极高的速度起跑。 The old man set off at a quick trot. 老人快步走开了。 2.隔开 The clause should be set off by a comma. 这个从句应该用逗号隔开。 3.燃放、释放 Setting off firecrackers is seen not merely as a nuisance, but also as a big threat to man's life and property. 燃放鞭炮不仅仅被看作讨厌的事,而且还被认为是对 人的生命财产的严重威胁。 • set out • 1.清楚列出 • The details are clearly set out in an appendix. – 详细情况在一个附录里清楚列出。 • Recent changes in the tax law are clearly set out in the booklet. – 在那本小册子里清楚地描述了近来税务法的变更情况 2. 出发 He joyfully consented and we set out. • 他欣然同意,我们就出发了。 We set out with enough provisions. • 我们带上足够的食品出发了。 • set to • 1.开始 • Having enough data in hand, we can set to work. 手头有足够的资料我们可以开始工作了。 2.谱曲 Has the poem ever been set to music? 这首诗曾经被谱过曲吗? • set up • 1. 创办 成立 • It is now our aim to set up a factory. – 我们现在的目的是创办一座工厂。 • A committee was set up to look into the workers' grievances. – 成立了一个委员会来调查工人的不满。 • 2.竖起 • A few scarecrows were set up in the fields. – 田里竖起了几个稻草人。 • He set up in business as an insurance broker. – 他开始从事保险经纪人的职业。 • He's set up shop as a lawyer in town. – 他在城里开业当律师。 • The army has set up road blocks round the city. – 军队在城市周围设置了路障。 • turn down • 拒绝,将音量收小 • The board turn down all approach on the subject of merger. – 董事长拒绝了有关合并事宜的任何协商。 • I turn down the offer. – 我拒绝那个提议。 • She petitioned her neighbor to turn down the radio. – 她请求邻居把收音机关小点声。 • Please turn the radio down a bit. – 请把收音机关小点。 Turn off 关 Quick, turn off the gas; the milk will boil over. 快把煤气关掉,牛奶要溢了。 • Please turn off the electric power. 请把电源关掉。 • Let's turn off the busy road. 让我们离开这条繁忙的大道。 • Turn off the switch when anything goes wrong with the machine. 如果机器出故障,就把开关关掉。 • If a water-pipe bursts turn off the stopcock immediately. 水管破裂时要立即关紧旋塞。 • turn on • 打开 • We troubled him to turn on the light. – 我们麻烦他打开电灯。 He asked me to turn on the radio for him. – 他让我替他打开收音机。 • When you walk into the room, the lights turn on by themselves. – 每当你走入这房间,电灯自己就打开。 • He turned on the torch to look for his keys. 他打开了手电筒,寻找钥匙。 • turn out • 出版,关,结果… • The press is ready to turn out a huge new edition. – 该出版社准备出一本大部头新版本。 • Remember to turn out the lights before you go to bed. – 临睡前别忘了关灯。 • He's a sensible and clever boy, and ought to turn out well. – 他是个聪明懂事的孩子,将来准会有出息的。 • The party turned out to be a great success. • 结果这个派对非常成功。 • turn over • 移交,交,翻身,周转,认真思考 • He turned the business over to his daughter. – 他把生意移交给女儿管理。 • I had turn over my essay to the professor. – 我已经把论文交给教授了。 • If you turn over you might find it easier to get to sleep. – 你翻翻身,就容易睡着了。 • This supermarket turns over its stock very rapidly. – 这家超级商场商品周转很快。 • She kept turning over the events of the day in her mind. • 她脑子里不断琢磨当天发生的事。 turn to • 求助,向…转 • I tried to stand on my own two feet rather than turned to my parents. – 我设法自立而不求助于我的父母。 • Turn to the left and you will find the post. – 向左转,你会找到邮局的。 • Follow the main road until its branches, and then turn to the right. – 顺着这条大路走,在路的分岔口向右拐。 • I had to turn to the dictionary for help. – 我只得求助于字典了。 • turn up. • 出现,把音量开大 • For some reason she didn't turn up. – 由于某种原因,她没有来。 • Only two people at the meeting turn up the thumb for the idea. – 在会上只有两人对那一主意表示赞成。 • Fade out the storm effect here, and turn up the music. – 至此宜使雷雨声的音响效果减弱而使音乐声渐强。 • I'm sure your watch will turn up one of these days. – 我担保你的手表准有一天能找到。 • We invited her to dinner but she didn't even bother to turn up. – 我们请她吃饭她都不露面。 • take away v. 拿走, 减去, 解除 • 1. 拿走 He wants to know who have taken away his dictionary. – 他想知道谁拿走了他的词典。 • 2.减去 If you take four away from ten, that leaves six. – 十减去四得六。 • 3.解除 Nothing can take away the great pain of losing a child. – 什么都不能解除失去孩子的巨大悲痛。 • take back • 1.收回 • She finally took back her words. –她最终收回了自己的话。 • 2.拿回 How much can I get back from my deposit? –押金不晓得能拿回多少。 • 3.使回忆起 The old song took the old man back to his childhood. • take down • 记下, 写下, 拿下 • 记下 Make sure that you take down every word she says. – 切实要记下她说的每一个字。 拿下 He took down a dictionary from the top shelf. – 他从书架顶格拿下了一本词典。 • 拆掉 Early in the morning they took down the tents. – 一大早他们就把帐篷拆掉。 • take in vt. 接受, 留宿某人理解, 包括, 欺骗, 改短 • 1.聂取 • Fish take in oxygen through their gills. – 鱼通过鳃摄取氧气。 • 2.留宿某人 • He was homeless, so we took him in. 3.理解 I couldn't take in his story at all. – 我完全不能理解他的话。 • 5.包括 The United Kingdom takes in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. – 联合王国包括英格兰、 威尔士、 苏格兰、 北爱尔兰。 • 6.欺骗 I was taken in by the salesman-the car turned out to be uneconomical and unreliable. – 推销员欺骗了我——那辆汽车结果既不经济又不牢靠。 • 7.改短 If the skirt is too big, we can take in the waist. – 要是裙子太大了,我们可以把腰部收紧一些。 • Take off • v. 起飞, 脱掉, 取消, 匆匆离开, 去除, 模仿 • 1. 起飞 The plane took off despite the fog. • 2.脱掉 He came in and took off his coat. • 3.取消 The fried chicken has been taken off (the menu). • Doctors recommended that the drug should be taken off the market. • 4.匆匆离开 The train will take off at 7 this evening. • 5.去除 His leg had to be taken off above the knee. • 6.模仿 She takes off the Prime Minister to perfection. – 她模仿首相的样子维妙维肖。 • take on • 承担, 呈现, 接受, 从事, 开始雇用 • 1.承担 He is unwilling to take on heavy responsibilities. • 2.呈现 Her normally rosy face took on a deeper hue. – 她平常玫瑰色的脸上呈现出更深的色彩。 • Then your company must take on a new look now. – 那你们公司现在肯定呈现出一番新的面貌了。 • 3.接受 We can't take on any more work because we're fully stretched (= working to the utmost of our powers) at the moment. – 我们不能再接受更多的工作了--目前已经全力以赴了。 • 4.从事 Why do you take on a second job? • 5.开始雇用 Our factory will take on twenty more workers next month. • take out • 取出, 拔掉, 出发, 把…发泄到… • 1. 取出 I saw him enter the room, unlock a drawer, take out a document, photograph it and put it back. • 2.拔掉 How many teeth did the dentist take out? • 3.出发 Did they tell you when to take out for Beijing? • 4把…发泄到… They took out their resentments on each other. – 他们互相发泄怨气。 5.陪伴某人去… He took his family out for dinner every weekend. • take over • 接收, 接管, 接任, 承袭 1.接收 The company would then take over the accounts. – 公司会把那些客户账户接收过来。 • 2.接管 The military took over the government. – 军方接管了政府。 • 3.接任 I was assigned to take over your position. – 我被指派接任你的位置。 • 4.承袭 They have taken over many European ways of life. – 他们已袭用了许多欧洲的生活方式。 • take to • 开始, 喜欢, 形成 . 的习惯, • 1.开始 He took to studying English 5 years ago. –他五年前开始学英语。 • 2.喜欢 He hasn’t taken to his new school. • 3.形成 . 的习惯 He has taken to drinking. • take up • 拿起, 开始, 从事, 吸收, 接纳, 占去, 继续做 • 1.拿起 She took up the receiver and began to dial the number. • 2.开始 When did you take up Japanese as a second foreign language? • 3.从事 It is necessary for a child to take up gardening. • 4.吸收 Use a table cloth to take up the spilt ink. 5.接纳 You should take up my suggestion and start saving money. • 6.占去 They take up too much space. –它们占了太多空间。 • 7,接续讲 She took up the narrative where John had left off. –她接着讲约翰未讲完的故事。 Sb be taken up with sb/sth 时间和精力多 用于… –She is taken up with work for children’s health care at the moment. • hold back • 阻碍, 退缩, 隐藏, 克制, 隐瞒 • 1.阻碍,阻挡 • Overparenting may hold back the development of a child’s creativity. • The police managed to hold back the crowd. • 2.退缩,踌躇 • She held back, not knowing how to break the terrible news. • 3.克制 He hold back his tears bravely. • 4.隐瞒 The police were convinced the man was holding something back. • hold down • 压制, 压缩 • 压制 He struggled to hold down his anger. – 他竭力压制自己的怒火。 • One should not hold down criticism. – 不应该公开压制批评。 • 压缩 hold down the passage to about two hundred words. – 把这段文字压缩到二百字左右。 • You'd better hold/cut the story down one third. – 你最好把这篇故事压缩三分这一。 • Hold off(雨,风暴等)未发生,延迟 • The rain held off long enough for us to have the picnic. • Can you hold off making your decision until next week? • 挡住 The trees outside the window hold off the sun. –窗外的树木挡住了阳光。 • They must do something to hold off the rushing fans. –他们必须想法挡住蜂拥而来的慕名者。 • hold on 抓住, 继续保留, 坚持, (打电话时用 语)别挂断 • 1.抓住 He held on to the rock to stop himself slipping. – 他紧紧抓住岩石以免自己往下滑。 • 2.继续保留 You should hold on to that house as the house prices are rising at the moment. • 3.坚持 They managed to hold on until help arrived. • 4.(打电话时用语)别挂断 Hold on, please. I'll see if he's in his office. – 请别挂断,我去看看他是否在办公室。 • hold out 伸出, 坚持 • 1.伸出 The balcony juts out over the swimming pool. • 阳台伸出在游泳池上方。 • They were ready to hold out a friendly hand. –他们准备伸出友谊之手。 • 2.坚持 I was too tired to hold out. • hold up 举起, 阻挡, 使停顿耽搁, 支撑, , 举出 • 1.举起 He held up his hand in amazement. – 他惊骇地举起了手。 • 2.阻挡,使停顿 Nothing can hold up our progress. – 什么也不能阻挡我们取得进步。 The traffic was held up by the accident. – 这个意外事故使得交通停顿。 3.耽搁 he application has been held up by the holidays. • 4.支撑 This nail will not hold such a heavy mirror. – 这个钉子支撑不住这样重的镜子。 • 5.举出 The old man always held up his youngest son as a model of hard work. – 那位老人总是举出自己的小儿子作为勤奋工作的榜样。 • carry on 继续进行 • We'll carry on our conversation tomorrow. –我们明天将继续进行会谈。 • After a short break, the match carried on. –经过短暂的休息,比赛继续进行 。 • carry out 施行, 实现 • 1.施行 He will carry out his plan. –他要执行他的计划。 • He hasn't the funds to carry out his design. • 2.实现 He made no attempt to carry out his promise. • The government must spare no efforts to carry out the wishes of citizens. • carry through 完成, 贯彻 • 1.完成 We are determined to carry through all our plans. – 我们决心完成我们所有的计划。 • He carried through all his homework in ten minutes. – 他在十分钟内完成了所有的家庭作业。 • 2.贯彻 The theme carried through all his writing. – 这个主题贯彻在他所有的作品中。 • It is their duty to carry out this programme. – 其职责就是贯彻落实这一计划。 高考核心短语 bring 短语 bring about 导致,引起 What brought about the change in his attitude? 是什么使他改变了态度? bring back 归还 Please bring back all library books by the end of the week. 请在周末前把图书全部归还。 使…想起 The photographs brought back many pleasant memories. 那些照片给人带来许多美好的回忆。 给…带回 What did you bring the kids back from Italy? 你从意大利回来给孩子带来了什么? bring out 使显现,使表露出 A crisis brings out the best in her. 危机促使他表现的特别出色。 使显出 That dress really brings out the colour of your eyes. 那件衣服果真能衬托出你眼睛的颜色。 bring in 提出 They want to bring in a bill to limit arms exports. 他们想提出一项限制武器出口的议案。 吸引,引入 We need to bring in a lot more new business. 我们需要吸引更多的新业务。 bring up bring sb up 抚养,养育 He was brought up by his aunt. 他是由姨妈带大的。 bring sth up 提出(讨论) Please bring this problem up in the meeting. 请把这个问题在会议上提出来讨论。 break 短语 break down (机器)出故障,坏掉 The telephone system has broken down. 电话系统瘫痪了. (身体)垮掉了 Her health broke down under the pressure of work. 她因工作压力身体垮掉了 不用被动 break in (into) 强行进入,破门而进 Burglars had broken in while we were away. We had our house broken into while we were away. 我们不在家时,窃贼闯进家里了。 插嘴 “I didn’t do it!” she broke in. “不是我干的!” 她插嘴说。 break off 停顿,中断 He broke off in the middle of a sentence. 他一句话说了一半就不说了。 折断 She broke off a piece of chocolate and gave it to me. 她瓣了一块巧克力给我。 break out 突然开始,爆发 They had escaped to America shortly before war broke out in 1939. 1939年战争爆发前不久就逃到了美国。 break through 取得突破 Scientists think they are beginning to break through in the fight against cancer. 冲破,突破 Demonstrators broke through the police cordon. 示威群众冲破了警察的警戒线 break up 粉碎,破碎 The ship broke up on the rocks. 船触礁撞碎了。 结束 Their marriage has broken up. 他们的婚姻破裂了。 call for 需要,要求 The situation calls for prompt action. 目前的形势需要立即采取行动。 They called for the immediate release of the hostages. 他们要求立刻释放人质。 call sb in 召来,叫来 The boy is seriously ill. Please call a doctor in immediately. 这个男孩病得很严重,立刻请医生来。 call sth in 召回 Cars with serious faults have been called in by the manufactures. 有严重缺陷的汽车已被制造商召回。 call off 取消,停止进行 The game was called off because of bad weather. 比赛因天气恶劣被取消。 call on/upon 请求,要求;邀请某人讲话 I now call upon the chairman to address the meeting. 现在请主席向大会致辞 call sb up 打电话给 call sth up 使回忆起,使想起 The smell of the sea called up memories of her childhood. 高考核心短语 make 短语 make for 走向;攻击 He made for the door. 他朝门口走去。 The dog made for the beggar. 狗向乞丐扑了过去。 make out 辨别出;理解 I could hardly make out anything in the thick fog. 浓雾中我什么也辨别不清。 We can’t make out what he is saying. 我们弄不懂他在说些什么。 make up (for / to ) 补偿 / 接近 Nothing can make upmake up forfor what he has suffered. 什么也不能补偿他所受的痛苦。 She made upmade up toto the kid. 她朝小孩走过去。 make up make up withwith 与 . 重修旧好 put 短语 put aside 把…放在一边 He put aside his work to spend more time with his son. 他把工作暂搁一边以便有更多时间陪伴 儿子。 He put his book aside and stood up. 他把书放在一边,站起身来。 put sth across 使…被理解 A good commercial puts across the attractive features of a product. 好广告能突显产品吸引人的特征。 It was not easy to put the idea across to the public at that time. 在当时要使公众接受这种思想并非易事。 put away 把.收起;储存 Put away the tools after work, will you? 工作结束后请把工具收拾好。 Chinese people have the habit to put away the money in the bank. 中国人有将钱存放在银行的习惯。 put down 放下;写下 Put the typewriter down here. 把打字机放在这儿。 Will you put down your address here? 把你的地址写在这儿好吗? put forward 提出 He put forward a very good suggestion at the meeting. 他在会上提出了一个很好的建议。 put off 推迟;拖延 Don't put off till tomorrow what can be done today. 今天可做的事不要拖到明天再做。 put on 穿上,戴上 / 上演,演出 She took off the old dress and put on a new one. 她脱下旧连衣裙,穿上一件新的。 They are putting on a new play. 他们正在上演一出新戏。 put out 伸出 / 熄灭 It's dangerous to put out your hand now. 现在你把手伸出去是危险的。 Put out the fire before going to bed. 睡觉之前先熄掉炉火。 put through 完成;接通(电话) They managed to put through the project on time. 他们终于设法按时完成了这项任务。 I’ll see if I can put you through. 我试试,看我是否能接通您的电话。 put up (with / to / for) She could hardly put up withput up with that fellow any longer. 她再也不能忍受忍受那家伙。 Don't worry. I've been put upup to to all their tricks. 别担心,已经有人告诉告诉了我他们所有的鬼把戏。 They put up forput up for the night
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