• / 16
  • 下载费用:25 金币  

混合痔的健康宣教课件

关 键 词:
混合痔的健康宣教 混合痔的健康指导 混合痔的健康宣教ppt 混合痔健康教育 健康教育健康教育
资源描述:
With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 混合痔的健康指导 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 查无手术禁忌症,在腰麻下行混合痔PPH术, 术后恢复可,切口疼痛轻,已进食普食,大 便已行,无出血。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 术前指导 1、带领患者参观走廊板报,以形象的图画及文字说明 向患者传递信息,向患者讲解有关疾病的知识,手 术过程及康复的病例,缓解患者的紧张情绪。 2、嘱患者进食进食清淡易消化的半流质如:粥,烂面 条等,忌食辛辣刺激之品。 3、指导患者卧床休息,疼痛较甚时应避免坐位,可取 侧卧位或俯卧位。 4、嘱患者术前晚十点后禁食禁饮。 5、向患者讲解灌肠的目的及注意事项,告知其有清洁 肠道的作用。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 术后护理 1、生活起居 2、饮食指导 3、用药指导 4、疼痛护理 5、情志指导 6、中医特色 7、出院指导 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 生活起居 1、保持病室空气新鲜,每日开窗通风,温湿度 适宜。 2、术后6小时内指导患者去枕平卧,6小时后指 导患者可取自由体位休息,适当下床活动, 避免久坐或久蹲,勿负重远行,防止过度疲 劳,以免气血运行失常。 3、每日便后及时清洗,勤换内裤,保持肛门及 会阴部清洁,。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 饮食指导 1、6小时后,用1:4的一枝黄花漱口液漱口,以清热解毒,保 持口腔清洁之效,漱口后先饮少量温开水,无不适后可予清 淡易消化的半流质,如烂面条,粥等,忌豆浆、牛奶等胀气 食物。 2、术后两天内禁食蔬菜水果,少食多餐,以控制过早排便, 影响切口愈合,可进食鱼汤、鸽子汤等蛋白饮食,以促进切 口愈合。 3、术后第三天可进食普食,多饮水,多食蔬菜水果及含纤维 素的饮食,如香蕉,苹果,芹菜、韭菜、冬瓜、丝瓜、菠菜 、空心菜等,烹调时多用些芝麻油、菜籽油,促进大便排出 4、忌食烟酒,辛辣等刺激之品。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 食疗方 食疗方1:蜂蜜2~3匙,芝麻(黑芝麻最佳)炒熟研 成细末2~3匙,兑开水(温凉均可)200~300毫升 调成糊状口服,早、晚各1次。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 食疗方 v食疗方2:槐花猪肠汤----猪大肠500克 猪瘦肉 250克 槐花60克 蜜枣2个。猪大肠用盐擦洗净,槐 花洗净,装进大肠内,扎紧大肠两头;猪瘦肉洗净 ,切块。把装有槐花的猪大肠与瘦猪肉、蜜枣一齐 放入锅内,加清水适量,武火煮沸后,文火煲2~3 小时,调味供用;捞起猪肠,切开去掉槐花,用酱 油调味佐膳。益阴润燥,清肠解毒。适用于痔疮属 大肠燥热,症见大便下血,或痔疮出血,或大便干 结难解,皮肤瘙痒。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 用药指导 1、依替米星输注时,如有恶心、呕吐等不适应 及时告知。 1、乳果糖应在晨起空服口服,每次30ml,每天 一次,如出现腹泻,应及时停药。大便正常 后改为25ml维持量口服。 2、枫蓼肠胃康分散片每天三次,每次1片冲服 ,告知患者有理气健胃的效果。 3、中药早晚各一次,饭后半小时温服。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 疼痛护理 由于排便致手术创面局部疼痛,疼痛评分为3分,患 者表现痛苦表情,因惧怕排便再次引起疼痛故有意 控制饮食,责任护士应多与患者交谈,了解患者的 心理,讲解控制饮食及减少排便的害处,多关心患 者,指导患者增加卧床休息的时间,每次大便前后 可进行温水坐浴以缓解肛门括约肌痉挛,减轻疼痛 ;同时可采取分散注意力的方法如看电视、听音乐 等以缓解疼痛;评估患者的疼痛程度,指导真确按 压耳穴,疼痛剧烈时可根据医嘱给予药物止痛。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 情志护理 1、向患者讲解疾病的相关知识,介绍成功的案 例,缓解其焦虑心理,增强患者战胜疾病的 信心。 2、患者惧怕排便,有意控制饮食,告知患者过 分控制饮食会引起低血糖,指导其正常饮食 ,大便难解时勿过分努责,可用开塞露协助 排便。 3、指导家属加强陪护,给予患者情感支持。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 中医特色 1、耳穴埋籽:遵医嘱予以耳穴埋籽,取穴神门,肛门,内分 泌,告知患者有安神,镇静, 止痛之效,指导患者可每日早 晚用拇食指进行按压,每日两次,每次2-3分钟。 2、穴位贴敷:康泰贴贴敷,取穴神阙,告知具有清热消肿, 止痛止血的功效,如有不适应及时取下。 3、中药熏洗:术后第二天协助患者取下外层敷料,用1:20的 痔浴净行中药熏洗,调节温度30°,设定时间为10分钟,指 导患者用手先试一下温度,不烫后再熏洗,每次大便后可行 熏洗,以保持伤口的清洁干燥,有利于恢复,坐浴时避免向 下用力。 4、射频电疗:术后第一天射频电疗照射局部,距离10-15cm, 每次10分钟,告知其有促进血液循环,促进切口愈合之功效 ,告知患者及家属勿直视光源,以防意外。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 出院指导 1、保持肛门清洁,坚持每晚热水或中药液坐浴。养成 定时排便习惯,避免排便时间过长。 2、多食粗纤维食物,保持大便通畅。 3、避免肛门局部刺激,便纸宜柔软,不穿紧身裤和粗 糙内裤。忌久坐、久立或久蹲,最好选用软坐垫。 4、勿负重远行,防止过度疲劳,进行适当锻炼,指导 患者进行提肛运动,对于改善肛门局部血液循环, 锻炼肛门括约肌功能有积极地作用。 5、如排便困难及时就诊。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 出院指导 6、饮食指导:饮食营养要均衡,进食高蛋白,低脂肪 ,低糖,高维生素的饮食,多食蔬菜水果,海带紫 菜等,忌食辛辣刺激,煎炸之品。 7、保持心情舒畅,忌郁闷,急躁,忧愁,愤怒,保持 心情舒畅。 8、随访:教会病人颈部自行体检的方法;病人出院后 须定期随访,复诊颈部、肺部和甲状腺功能等。若 发现结节、肿块或异常应及时就诊 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 肛门锻炼方法: 1、夹腿提肛法:仰卧,双腿交叉,臀部及大腿用力 夹紧,肛门逐渐用力上提,持续5秒钟左右,还原 ,可逐渐延长提肛时间。如此重复10-20次,每日 2-3遍。 2、坐立提肛法:首先坐在床边,双足交叉,然后双 手叉腰并起立,同时肛门收缩上提,持续5秒钟左 右,再放松坐下。如此反复10-15次,每日2-3遍 。 3、踮足提肛法:采取站立位,双手叉腰,两脚交 叉,踮起足尖,同时肛门上提,持续5秒钟左右 ,还原。如此重复10-15次,每日2-3遍。 With the improving quality of life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of life, the quality of people's food needs and rate also changing.In order to meet the needs of society 谢 谢
展开阅读全文
  麦档网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:混合痔的健康宣教课件
链接地址:https://www.maidoc.com/p-15679705.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服 - 联系我们

[email protected] 2018-2020 maidoc.com版权所有  文库上传用户QQ群:3303921 

麦档网为“文档C2C模式”,即用户上传的文档所得金币直接给(下载)用户,本站只是中间服务平台,本站所有文档下载所得的金币归上传人(含作者)所有。
备案号:蜀ICP备17040478号-3  
川公网安备:51019002001290号 


收起
展开