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传染病及突发公共

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传染病及突发公共 传染病和突发公共
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This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病及突发公共卫生事传染病及突发公共卫生事 件报告和处理件报告和处理 高安市立医院高安市立医院 熊建兵熊建兵 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 第一节 概述 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n一、目的意义 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n为了进一步明确基层医疗卫生机构对传染 病和突发公共卫生事件报告的任务职责, 规范报告与处置工作,依据有关法律、法 规和规章要求,制定本规范。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n二、基本概念 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.传染病 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n本技术规范所指的传染病包括: n1.1《中华人民夫和国传染病防治法》规定的甲、 乙、丙类传染病。 n1.2国务院卫生行政部门决定并予以公布列入乙、 丙类的传染病。 n1.3国务院卫生行政部门报经国务院批准后予以公 布的,需要采取甲类传染病预防、控制措施的其 他乙类传染病和突发不明原因的传染病。 n1.4国务院卫生行政部门制定颁布的传染病防控方 案(指南)中要求进行报告的传染病。 n1.5省级人民政府决定并予以公布的在本行政区域 内按照乙类或者丙类传染病管理的传染病。 n1.6对当地公共卫生产生影响的非法定传染病及新 发传染病。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n目前,我国列入法定管理的传染病,共有 39种,其中甲类传染病2种、乙类传染病26 种、丙类传染病11种。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n2.突发公共卫生事件 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n本技术规范所指的突发公共卫生事件是指突然发 生,造成或者可能造成社会公众健康严重损害的 重大传染病疫情、群体性不明原因疾病、重大食 物和职业中毒以及其他严重影响公众健康的事件 。具体种类包括传染病疫情、群体性不明原因疾 病、食物中毒、职业中毒、其他中毒、环境因素 事件、意外辐射照射事件、预防接种或服药事件 、医源性感染事件,还包括自然灾害、事故灾难 和社会安全事件导致的影响公众健康的事件等。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n三、主要制定依据 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.中华人民共和国传染病防治法; n2.中华人民共和国突发事件应对法; n3.中华人民共和国食品安全法; n4.突发公共卫生事件应急条例; n5.中华人民共和国传染病防治法实施办法; n6.国家突发公共卫生事件应急预案; n7.国家突发公共事件医疗卫生救援应急预案; n8.卫生部突发中毒事件卫生应急预案; n9.医疗机构传染病预检分诊管理办法; n10.突发公共卫生事件与传染病疫情监测信息报告管理办法 ; n11.国家突发公共卫生事件相关信息报告管理工作规范(试 行); n12.传染病信息报告管理规范; n13.卫生部办公厅关于做好突发事件紧急医疗救援信息相关 工作的通知(卫办应急发[2011]117号)。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n第二节 流程 图及说明 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n一、传染病报告和处理流程 图 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n基层医疗卫生机构责任报告人在首次诊断 或发现法定传染病人、疑似病人、病原携 带者时,应立即填写“传染病报告卡”(初 次报告),并按规定时限和程序报告;诊 断变更或因传染病死亡时,应立即填写“传 染病报告卡”(订正报告),并按规定时限 和程序报告。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n实行网络直报的基层医疗卫生机构网络直 报人员应及时检查报告卡,如发现填写不 完整、不准确,或有错项、漏项以及年龄 与职业不符等逻辑错误时,应及时通知报 告人核对报告卡内容;而后将传染病报告 卡信息及时、准确、完整地录入网络直报 系统,发现重复报告病例应及时删除。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n暂无网络直报条件的基层医疗卫生机构应 在规定时限内,将传染病报告卡以最快方 式报告属地代报机构[如乡防保站、县(区 )疾控中心等]。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n二、突发公共卫生事件报告和处理流程 图 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n突发公共卫生事件的确认、分级,由卫生 行政部门组织实施。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n第三节 工作 内容与要求 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n一、报告 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.传染病报告 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.1责任报告单位及报告人 n基层医疗卫生机构属于责任报告单位,其 执行职务的人员为责任报告人。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.2报告程序和报告卡填报规则 传染病病 人信息通过《中华人民共和国传染病报告 卡》收集,通过《疾病监测信息报告管理 系统》进行网络直报。 n基层医疗卫生机构的责任报告人在发现法 定传染病病人后,填写传染病报告卡进行 报告。发现漏报的传染病病例应及时补报 。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n根据目前各地在传染病实际填报中存在的 问题,为了进一步提高报告卡信息填报的 准确性,在填写报告卡时应注意以下内容 的填写要求: This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n第一,传染病报告卡重要信息的填报要求:1.“职 业”选择学生、幼托儿童、工人、干部职员、民工 等时,应填写其所对应的工作单位。2.“病人属于 ”是指患者常住地址(居住时间3个月以上)与报 告单位的相对位置。3.“现住地址”是指病例发病 时实际居住的地址。4.病例“诊断时间”的小时为 必填项。5“发病日期”填写病人在本次就诊疾病开 始现症状的日期。不明确时就填就诊日期。病原 携带者就填写病原初次检出日期或就诊日期。6.“ 诊断日期”:初次报告时,填写初诊的日期。7.注 意“报告病种”、“病例分类”和“实验室结果”间的 逻辑校验。8.“订正现名”:在备注项中填写订正 前所报告的疾病名称。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n第二,在做出乙肝、肺结核、艾滋病、血 吸虫等传染病诊断时,如已知该病例以前 作出诊断并报告过,则本年度不再进行报 告;如对该病例的报告情况不清楚,或在 同一年内多次接诊该病例(包括复发病例 ),则仅对首次就诊进行一次报告,再次 就诊且诊断结果未发生变更时则不再进行 报告。发现乙肝病原携带者,不要求进行 网络直报。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.3报告方式 有网络直报条件的责任报告 单位,通过网络将传染病报告卡的信息在 规定时限内录入到《疾病监测信息报告管 理系统》;无网络直报条件的责任报告单 位,应将传染病报告卡及时报至属地代报 机构(如乡镇卫生院、社区卫生服务中心 或县(区)疾病预防控制机构等),由其 代为进行网络报告;未及时报告(漏报或 现场调查时发现)的应该随时补报,按初 次报告进行报告和录入。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.4报告时限 责任报告单位和责任报告人发 现传染病疫情时,按规定的时限报告传染 病报告卡: This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n 1.4.1对甲类传染病和按甲类管理的乙类传染病病人、疑似病人和病原 携带者,卫生部规定按甲类传染病管理的其他年乙类传染病和突发原 因不明的传染病,以及卫生部规定的不明原因肺炎病人,应在2小时 内完成网络直报,无网络直报条件的责任报告单位应2小时内以最快 方式报出传染病报告卡。 n 1.4.2对其他乙类传染病病人、疑似病人,伤寒副伤寒、痢疾、梅毒 、淋病、白喉、疟疾的病原携,卫生部决定列入乙类传染病管理的其 他地方性传染病病人、疑似病人,省级人民政府决定列入乙类传染病 管理的其他地方性传染病病人、疑似病人,应在24小时内,通过网络 进行信息录入报告。无网络直报条件的责任报告单位应在24小时内报 出传染病报告卡到属地疾病预防控制机构。 n 1.4.3对丙类传染病病人、疑似病人,卫生部决定列入丙类传染病管 理的其他传染病病人、疑似病人,省级人民政府决定列入丙类传染病 管理的其他地方性传染病病人、疑似病人,其他暴发、流行或原因不 明的传染病,应在24小时内通过网络进行信息的录入报告。无网络直 报条件的责任报告单位应在24小时内报出传染病报告卡到属地疾病预 防控制机构。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n 1.5报告资料的要求 基层医疗卫生机构必 须备有符合要求的门诊日志、实验室登记 本、入出院登记本和传染病报告卡;医务 人员必须认真填写登记。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n1.5.1门诊日志:包括姓名、性别、年龄、职业、 住址、病名、发病日期、就诊日期、诊断时间、 初诊或复诊等基本项目。 n 1.5.2入出院登记本:包括姓名、性别、年龄、 职业、住址、入院日期、入院诊断、出院日期、 出院诊断等基本项目。 n 1.5.3实验室登记本:包括姓名、采样日期、送 检日期、送检科室及医师、检验方法、检验结果 、检验医生、检验日期、报告日期等项目上。传 染病类检测项目的阳性结果应进行标注并告知接 诊医生。 n 1.5.4上述资料及传染病报告卡至少保存3年。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n2.突发公共卫生事件 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n 2.1责任报告单位 基层医疗卫生机构负责 报告辖区内发生的突发公共卫生事件相关 信息。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n 2.2报告内容 信息报告主要内容包括:事 件名称、事件类别、发生时间、地点、涉 及的地域范围、发病人数、死亡人数、主 要症状与体征、可能的原因、已经采取的 措施、事件的发展趋势、下步工作计划、 报告单位、报告人员及通信方式等。具体 内容见《突发公共卫生事件相关信息报告 卡》。对于自然灾害、事故灾难和社会安 全事件等突发事件紧急医疗救援信息可按 相关要求进行报告。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. n2.3报告方式、时限和程序 获得突发公共卫生事件相关信 息的责任报告单位和责任报告人,应当在2小时内以电话 或传真等方式向属地卫生行政部门指定的专业机构报告, 具备网络直报条件的同时进行网络直报。不具备网络直报 条件的责任报告单位和责任报告人,应采用最快的通信方 式将《突发公共卫生事件相关信息报告卡》报送属地卫生 行政部门指定的专业机构进行代报,代报机构应对信息进 行审核,确定真实性,2小时内进行网络直报,同时以电 话或传真等方式报告同级卫生行政部门及上级专业机构; 对于涉及10人以上人员伤亡事件的不良医疗救援信息,各 地专业技术(通常为急救中心和医疗机构)直接报告或在 收治伤员并初步确认后,应当立即向所在地卫生行政部门 和上级卫生行政部门报告,并及时续报。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intell
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