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传染病基本概念及分类流行过程疫情报告ppt课件

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传染病基本概念及分类 传染病基本概念及分类流行过程疫情报告 传染过程及流行过程 概念及传染病 种类及其报告 传染病流行病 传染病流行过程 传染性疾病ppt 传染性疾病概念
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This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病基本概念及特征 谢 钰 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病 (communicable disease) 定义: 病原微生物(病毒,立克 次氏体,细菌,螺旋体等 )和寄生虫(原虫和蠕虫 )感染人体后产生的有 传染性,在一定条件下 可造成流行的疾病。 感染性疾病 (infectious disease) 定义: 指由病原体感染指由病原体感染 所致的疾病,包所致的疾病,包 括传染病和非传括传染病和非传 染性感染性疾病。染性感染性疾病。 传染病的基本概念 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病 (communicable disease) 传染病和寄生虫病 都属于感染性疾病 感染性疾病中有传染 性者才称为传染病 infectious disease communicable disease 两者可 互相转 化,特别 是感染 性疾病 变为传 染病。 有的已 随管理 而融合 。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 感染过程中人体和病原体的斗争 机体免疫反应 非特异性免疫 特异性免疫 细胞免疫 体液免疫 病原体的致病力 传染力 致病力 毒力 数量 变异性 (抗原、耐药) 病原体 人 体 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 人 体 病 原 体 感染谱 感染过程感染过程传染病在个体内发生发展和转归的过程称为 多数病原体和人体之间是不适应的,因而引起双方之间的斗争. 由于适应程度的不同,双方斗争的后果各异,产生感染过程的各 种不同表现,即感染谱(infection spectrum ). 临床传染病只是感染过程各种表现之一. 环境因素 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病的特征 一:基本特征 有病原体 (pathogen) 有传染性 (infectivity) 有流行 病学特征 (epidemiologic feature) 有感染 后免疫 (postinfection immunity) 特异的病 原体。感 染性疾病 共有特点 ,区别于 其他疾病 。追索病 原乃现代 医学潮流 指病原体 能通过某 种途径感 染他人造 成发病.此 为与其他 感染性疾 病的主要 区别 传染期 质:外来性与 地方性。 量:散发,流 行,暴发, 大 流行。 时间:季节性 空间:地方性 显性或隐 性感染后 都可产生 特异性免 疫 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 二:临床特征 v病程发展的阶段性 v常见的症状和体征 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 常见的症状与体征 v发热 v发疹:皮疹和粘膜疹 v毒血症状 v单核-巨噬细胞增生反应 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 病程发展的阶段性 v潜伏期 自病原体侵入人体起,至开始出现临床症状 为止的时期。 有助诊断 确定检疫期 v前驱期 从起病致症状明显期开始为止的时期 症状为非特异性,无鉴别断意义 本期已有传染性 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 病程发展的阶段性 v症状明显期 渡过前驱期后,表现出某些传染病特有的 症状和体征。 此期是治疗、抢救的关键时期。 v恢复期 该期有时病情突变或出现并发症 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 病程发展的阶段性 v复发与再燃 复发:初发疾病进入恢复期,稳定退热 一段时间,病原体再度繁殖,初 发症状再现。 再燃:疾病进入恢复期,热未降至正 常,又复上升。 v后遗症 恢复期结束后,机体功能仍未能复 常者。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病的流行过程及影响因素 流行过程的发生需要三个基本条件 :传染源,传播途径,人群易感性 影响流行过程的因素 自然因素 地理 气象 生态 社会因素 社会制度 经济状态 生活条件 文化水平 传染病的 流行过程 乃传染病 在人群中 发生,发 展,转归 的过程. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 流行过程的基本条件 传染源 (source of infection) 患者患者 隐性感染者隐性感染者 病原携带者病原携带者 受感染的动物受感染的动物 传播途径 (route of transmission) 呼吸道传播 消化道传播 接触传播 虫媒传播 血液、体液传播 (susceptible people) 易感人群 人群易感性指人群易感性指 易感者在人群易感者在人群 中的比例中的比例 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 自然因素自然因素 地理、气象、生态地理、气象、生态 社会因素社会因素 社会制度社会制度 经济状态经济状态 生活条件生活条件 文化水平文化水平 影响流行过程的因素影响流行过程的因素 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 三:传染病分类及疫情报告原则 ◆《中华人民共和国传染病防治法》规定的39 种传染病,甲类2种,乙类26种,丙类11种 。 1、甲类:鼠疫、霍乱; 按甲类管理的乙类传染病:肺炭疽、传染 性非典型肺炎、脊髓灰质炎、人感染高致病 性禽流感; 报告时间城镇不超过2小时,农村不超过6小时 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病分类及疫情报告原则 v乙类:(26)包括病毒性肝炎、细菌性阿米 巴痢疾、伤寒和副伤寒、艾滋病、淋病、梅 毒、脊髓灰质炎、麻疹、百日咳、白喉、流 行性脑脊髓膜炎、猩红热、流行性出血热、 狂犬病、钩端螺旋体病、布氏菌病、炭疽、 流行性和地方性斑疹伤寒、流行性乙型脑炎 、黑热病、疟疾、登革热、非典、甲型流感 、肺炭疽、禽流感。报告时间城镇不超过12 小时,农村不超过24小时。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病分类及疫情报告原则 v丙类(12)包括肺结核、血吸虫病、丝虫病 、棘球蚴病(包虫病)、麻风病、流行性感 冒、流行性腮腺炎、风疹、新生儿破伤风、 除霍乱、痢疾、伤寒和副伤寒以外的感染性 腹泻病、急性出血性结膜炎、手足口病。报 告时间城镇、农村不超过24小时。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病疫情报告制度 v一、管理原则 v传染病疫情报告实行首诊负责制,执行职务 的医务人员均为疫情责任报告人。 v传染病疫情报告实行保密制度,任何单位和 个人不得泄露传染病人的秘密。 v临床各科室设专人负责本科室的疫情报告管 理工作。 v医务科设专人负责全院的疫情报告管理工作 。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病疫情报告制度 二、报告时限 v1.责任疫情报告人首次发现甲类传染病和乙类传染 病中的肺炭疽、传染性非典型性肺炎、脊髓灰质炎 、人感染高致病性禽流感的病人和疑似病人时,或 者发现其他传染病和不明原因疾病爆发时应在2小 时内以最快的方式向医务科进行报告。 v2.责任疫情报告人发现其他乙类、丙类传染中的病 人、疑似病人及规定报告的传染病病原携带者时应 在24小时内向医务科进行报告。 v3.任何科室和个人不得迟报、漏报、瞒报传染病疫 情,不得授意他人迟报、漏报、瞒报传染病疫情。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 传染病疫情报告制度 v三、报告程序 v1.各科室必须设立传染病登记本,首诊医生发现传染病必须 在规定时限内填写传染病报告卡,并做好登记。科室里每天 2次将传染病报告卡送交医务科:10点前送交前一天夜班报 告卡,16点前交送当天报告卡。 v2.医务科疫情直报人员接到传报卡后应认真审核,确认无误 后进行计算机网络直报,同时做好登记。报卡存档保存三年 。 v四、填卡要求 v首诊医生要严格按照《中华人民共和国传染病报告卡》的规 定认真填写,要求字迹清晰,项目准确完整,不得有缺项、 漏项 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 消毒隔离概念 vv1 1..消毒消毒————杀灭或清除传播媒介上的病原微杀灭或清除传播媒介上的病原微 生物,使其达到无害化处理。生物,使其达到无害化处理。 vv2 2..灭菌灭菌————杀灭或清除传播媒介上的一切微杀灭或清除传播媒介上的一切微 生物的处理。生物的处理。 v3. 隔离隔离————是将传染源和易感人群分别在指是将传染源和易感人群分别在指 定地点和特殊环境中,暂避免与周围人群接定地点和特殊环境中,暂避免与周围人群接 触。触。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 4.消毒灭菌合格标准 vv((1 1).消毒合格).消毒合格————消毒后媒介携带的微生物等消毒后媒介携带的微生物等 于或小于国家规定的标准。(人工污染的微生物减于或小于国家规定的标准。(人工污染的微生物减 少少99.90%99.90%以上,或自然菌的微生物减少以上,或自然菌的微生物减少90%90%以上)以上) vv((2 2)). . 灭菌保证水平灭菌保证水平————指灭菌处理后单位产品上指灭菌处理后单位产品上 存活微生物概率,如存活微生物概率,如10-610-6即经灭菌处理后在一百万即经灭菌处理后在一百万 物品中最多只允许有一件存活的微生物。物品中最多只允许有一件存活的微生物。 v This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 消毒分类:根据实施消毒目的不同 vv1 1.疫源地消毒.疫源地消毒————对存在或曾经存在的传染对存在或曾经存在的传染 源的场所进行消毒,分随时和终未消毒。源的场所进行消毒,分随时和终未消毒。 vv2 2.预防性消毒.预防性消毒————对可能受到病原微生物污对可能受到病原微生物污 染物品和场所进行没有明确传染源消毒。染物品和场所进行没有明确传染源消毒。 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 化学消毒方法 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 常用隔离技术 v1.手卫生:所有手部清洁行为的通称。 洗手方法:“六步洗手法” 1、掌心相对揉搓 2、手指交叉,掌心对手背揉搓 3、手指交叉,掌心相对揉搓 4、弯曲手指关节在掌心揉搓 5、拇指在掌中揉搓 6、指尖在掌心中揉搓 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. v v v v 第一步 掌心相对揉搓 第二步 手指交叉,掌心对手背揉搓 第三步 手指交叉,掌心相对揉搓 第四步 弯曲手指关节在掌心揉搓 第五步 拇指在掌中揉搓 第六步 指尖在掌心中揉搓 六步洗手法六步洗手法 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 常用隔离技术 v1.口罩的使用 v2.手的消毒 v3.避污纸的使用 v4.穿脱隔离衣 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 口罩的使用 1.戴上口罩后,不可用污染的手触摸 口罩 2.口罩布可挂在胸前,手不可接触污 染面,取下后污染面向内折叠 3.帽子,口罩应勤换洗,保持清洁, 脱戴前应先洗手 4.口罩潮湿后应立即更换,每次接触 严密隔离患者后应立即更换口罩,使 用一次性口罩布超过4h This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 避污纸的使用 v拿取避污纸时, 只能从上面抓取 ,不可接触下面 的纸片或掀页撕 取,以保持干净 。 v用后丢到污物桶 内,集中焚烧处 理 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 穿隔离衣的步骤 v手提衣领穿左手 v在穿右手齐上抖 v系好领口系袖口 v折领系腰半袖肘 脱隔离衣的步骤 v解开腰带解袖口 v套塞衣袖消毒手 v解开领口脱衣袖 v对好衣袖挂衣钩 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sensor DS18B20 and single chip microcomputer. The core components of the system are AT89C51 m sensor. 注意事项 v1.隔离衣的长短要合适,须全部遮盖工作服,隔离 衣如有破洞,应补好后在穿 v2.系领子时污染的袖口不可触及衣领,面部和帽子 v3.穿衣时后侧边缘须对齐,折叠处不能松散 v4.穿好隔离衣后,双臂保持在腰部以上视线范围内 。不得进入清洁区,避免接触清洁物品 v5.刷手时不能弄湿隔离衣,隔离衣也不能污染水池 v6.隔离衣挂在半污染区,清洁面向外,挂在污染面 则污染面向外 v隔离衣应每日更换,如有潮湿或污染应立即更换 This paper mainly introduces the design of an intelligent temperature control system which realizes the function of temperature measurement and control by using single bus digital temperature sens
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