• / 15
  • 下载费用:25 金币  

2015中考历史冲刺二轮复习 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史

关 键 词:
2015中考历史冲刺二轮复习中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 中华民族反抗外来 中华民族反抗外来侵略 复习专题九中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 2015历史中考 中华民族反抗外
资源描述:
To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 历 史 初三历史中考第二轮专题复习 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 一、中国沦为半殖民地半封建社会的过程(列强的侵略)。 (一)、中英《南京条约》的主要内容,鸦片战争对中国近代社会的影响 1、《南京条约》的主要内容: (1)割地:割香港岛。(2)赔款:2100万银元。(3)五口通商:开放广州、厦门、福 州、宁波、上海为通商口岸。(4)协定关税:英商进出口货物缴纳的税款,中国需同英 国商定。 2、鸦片战争(1840—1842年)对中国近代社会的影响: (1)《南京条约》是中国近代第一个不平等条约,使中国开始沦为半殖民地半封建社会 ,是中国近代史的开端;(2)割地破坏了中国领土和主权完整;(3)赔款加重了中国人 民的负担;(4)协定关税破坏了中国的关税自主权。 (二)、第二次鸦片战争期间,英法联军火烧圆明园、俄国通过不平等条约割占中国北方 大片领土的侵略史实。 1.英法联军火烧圆明园:1860年,英法联军抢劫、火烧圆明园,这是人类文明史上的浩劫 。 2.俄国趁火打劫,采用先武力强占,再强迫签约的方式,先后通过中俄《瑷珲条约》、《 北京条约》、中俄《勘分西北界约记》等条约,割占中国共计约150万多平方千米的领土 。 3. 中国半殖民地化程度进一步加深。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 (三)、甲午中日战争和《马关条约》 1. 邓世昌和黄海大海战:1894年(农历甲午年)9月,中国北洋舰队执行护航任务,在黄 海海面遭到日本舰队袭击,展开激战,致远舰管带邓世昌为保护旗舰壮烈牺牲。之后,北 洋舰队主帅李鸿章下令“避战保船”,日军由此夺得黄海制海权。不久,北洋舰队在威海卫 全军覆没。 2.《马关条约》 (1)1895年4月,甲午战争清军大败,清政府急命李鸿章赴日本马关议和。 (2)条约内容:①割地:清政府割辽东半岛、台湾、澎湖列岛给日本;②赔款:赔偿日 本军费白银二亿两;③增辟沙市、重庆、苏州、杭州为通商口岸;④允许日本在通商口 岸开设工厂。 (3)影响:中国半殖民地化程度大大加深(帝国主义掀起了瓜分狂潮,民族危机加深; 帝国主义侵略中国的方式新增了在通商口岸开设工厂,即资本输出。) (四)、八国联军侵华的史实;《辛丑条约》的主要内容,《辛丑条约》对中国民族危机 全面加深的影响。 1. 八国联军侵华:1900年6月,为镇压义和团反帝爱国运动,英、法、俄、美、日、意、 德、奥八国联军两千多人,由天津向北京进犯。八国联军夺取天津,不久攻占北京,在此 烧杀抢掠,无恶不做,对中国人民犯下了滔天罪行。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 2.《辛丑条约》 (1)时间:1901年(农历辛丑年),清政府被迫同英、法、俄、美、日、意、德、奥等 国签订《辛丑条约》。 (2)主要内容:①经济:清政府赔偿白银4.5亿两,以海关等税收作担保;②政治:清政 府保证严禁人民参加反帝活动;③军事:清政府拆毁大沽炮台,允许帝国主义国家派兵驻 扎北京至山海关铁路沿线要地;④外交:划定北京东交民巷为使馆界,允许各国驻兵保护 ,不准中国人居住。 (3)影响:①战争赔款,加重了中国人民的负担;②清政府保证严禁人民参加反帝活动 ,表明清政府已经成为“洋人的朝廷”;③军事、外交方面的措施,使北京门户大开,大大 便利了帝国主义侵略,严重破坏了中国的主权和领土安全;④条约严重损害了中国的主权 ,清政府完全成为帝国主义统治中国的工具,中国完全沦为半殖民地半封建社会。 二、反抗外来侵略的代表人物。 (一)、戚继光抗倭 (1)背景:元末明初,倭寇(即日本的武士、商人和海盗)经常骚扰我国沿海地区;明 朝中期松弛,倭患更为严重。 (2)经过:戚继光组建“戚家军”,平息了东南沿海的倭寇。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 (二):郑成功收复台湾:明朝后期,荷兰殖民者侵占台湾。1662年,郑成功收复台湾, 维护了国家统一,被称为民族英雄。1684年,清政府设台湾府,隶属福建省省。加强了台 湾同祖国的联系,巩固了祖国的东南海防。 (三):康熙和雅克萨之战:17世纪中期,沙皇俄国的势力侵入我国黑龙江流域的雅克萨 和尼布楚。康熙指挥清军两次围攻雅克萨,打败沙俄。1689年,中俄双方经过平等协商, 签订了《尼布楚条约》。从法律上肯定了黑龙江和乌苏里江流域、包括库页岛在内的广大 地区,都是中国的领土。 (四):林则徐虎门销烟 1、背景:工业革命后,英国成为世界头号工业强国,要求开辟海外市场 ,掠夺原料; 清朝闭关锁国政策抵制了英国工业产品的倾销;鸦片走私可牟取暴利。 2. 经过:1839年3月,林则徐到达广州开展禁烟(严令外商必须交出鸦片,并保证不再走 私鸦片。主张不禁止外商的正当贸易活动)。1839年6月,林则徐在广州虎门海滩当众销 毁收缴的全部鸦片。 3. 意义:虎门销烟振奋了民族精神,维护了民族尊严;成为英国发动鸦片战争的借口。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 (五):左宗棠收复新疆的基本史实 19世纪60年代阿古柏侵入新疆,俄英支持。1871年俄国还直接出兵占领了我国的伊犁地区 。陕甘总督左宗棠力主收复新疆。1876年清军采取“缓进急攻”的战术,收复了除 以外的 整个新疆地区,巩固了西北边防,维护了国家的统一。 (六):邓世昌和黄海大海战 1894年(农历甲午年)9月,中国北洋舰队执行护航任务,在黄海海面遭到日本舰队袭击 ,展开激战,致远舰管带邓世昌为保护旗舰壮烈牺牲。之后,北洋舰队主帅李鸿章下令“避 战保船”,日军由此夺得黄海制海权。不久,北洋舰队在威海卫全军覆没。 三、中华民族的抗日战争 (一)、“九一八”事变,中国开始局部抗战 1.爆发:1931年9月18日,日军制造了柳条湖事件,炮轰沈阳城.这就是震惊中外的“九一八 事变”。 2.结果:由于蒋介石的不抵抗政策,日军侵占了东北辽、吉、黑三省。 3.影响:标志日军局部侵华,中国人民的局部抗战开始了。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史 (二):西安事变的概况,西安事变和平解决的历史作用 1.背景:日本占领东北,又侵略华北,民族危机加
展开阅读全文
  麦档网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:2015中考历史冲刺二轮复习 专题九 中华民族反抗外来侵略的历史
链接地址:https://www.maidoc.com/p-15683355.html

当前资源信息

范文库

编号: 20180917093141698988

类型: 共享资源

格式: PPT

大小: 96.50KB

上传时间: 2019-11-08

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服 - 联系我们

[email protected] 2018-2020 maidoc.com版权所有  文库上传用户QQ群:3303921 

麦档网为“文档C2C模式”,即用户上传的文档所得金币直接给(下载)用户,本站只是中间服务平台,本站所有文档下载所得的金币归上传人(含作者)所有。
备案号:蜀ICP备17040478号-3  
川公网安备:51019002001290号 

本站提供办公文档学习资料考试资料文档下载


收起
展开