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形容词2

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形容词
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形容词形容词: : 1. 1.基本用法基本用法: : 可做可做 1)1)定语定语( (放在名词前放在名词前); 2)); 2)表语表语( (放在系动词后放在系动词后 ); 3)); 3)宾语补足语宾语补足语; ; 4)the+4)the+形容词可转化为名词形容词可转化为名词 1)Jim is a 1)Jim is a diligentdiligent boy. boy. 2)John is 2)John is honesthonest and and warm-heartedwarm-hearted. . Father got Father got angryangry when he heard the news. when he heard the news. 3)You must keep the room 3)You must keep the room cleanclean. Don’t leave the . Don’t leave the door door openopen. . 4) 4) The youngThe young are are energetic and enthusiastic.energetic and enthusiastic. l l 常用系动词常用系动词: : l l 表判断或状态的:表判断或状态的:be look seem sound be look seem sound smell taste feel appearsmell taste feel appear l l 表变化的:表变化的:become turn get grow go become turn get grow go come come l l 常接形容词做宾补的词常接形容词做宾补的词 l l make / Keep/ Leave/ make / Keep/ Leave/ l l find/feel/consider/think ( it) +find/feel/consider/think ( it) +adjadj l l EgEg: make me happy / make the room dirty: make me happy / make the room dirty l l EgEg: keep the desk tidy : keep the desk tidy l l EgEg: leave the door open: leave the door open l l EgEg: I consider him honest.: I consider him honest. l l He thinks it unnecessary to learn He thinks it unnecessary to learn English.English. • •表语形容词表语形容词 • •通常只作表语的形容词有:通常只作表语的形容词有:well ,alone well ,alone ,ashamed ,glad ,sure ,unable ,,ashamed ,glad ,sure ,unable , • •asleep ,awake , alive ,alike , afraidasleep ,awake , alive ,alike , afraid等。等。 • •上述形容词不能作前置定语,但上述形容词不能作前置定语,但alive , asleepalive , asleep 可作后置定语。如:可作后置定语。如: • •He is the greatest poet alive .He is the greatest poet alive . • •2. 2.多个形容词作定语时的排列顺序多个形容词作定语时的排列顺序 • •如果两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时,与被如果两个以上的形容词修饰一个名词时,与被 修饰的名词关系较密切的形容词靠近名词;如修饰的名词关系较密切的形容词靠近名词;如 果几个形容词的密切程度差不多,则果几个形容词的密切程度差不多,则音节少的音节少的 形容词在前,音节多的在后形容词在前,音节多的在后。如:。如:a small a small beautiful roombeautiful room。。 • •常用的顺序为:常用的顺序为: • •限定词限定词(those) + (those) + 数量形容词数量形容词(three) + (three) + 描绘性形描绘性形 容词容词(beautiful) + (beautiful) + 大小、长短、高低等形体性形大小、长短、高低等形体性形 容词容词(large) + (large) + 新旧新旧(old) + (old) + 颜色颜色(brown) + (brown) + 国籍国籍 + + 材料材料(wood) + (wood) + 被修饰名词被修饰名词(table)(table) 3. 3.表示形容表示形容词词词词原原级级级级的句型:的句型: ①①双方相等双方相等时时时时,, 用句型用句型“ “.as+.as+形容形容词词词词原原级级级级+as.” +as.” / / “.the “.the same same (( + +名名词词词词))+as .” +as .” EgEg: He is as intelligent as his sister.: He is as intelligent as his sister. He has the same intelligence as his sister. He has the same intelligence as his sister. He is He is as intelligentas intelligent a student a student asas his sister. his sister. l l ②②双方不相等时,双方不相等时, l l 用句型用句型“ “.not so / as+.not so / as+形容词原级形容词原级+as.” +as.” / “.be different from.” / “.be different from.” l l Learning English is not so hard as Learning English is not so hard as learning Russia. learning Russia. l l English is not English is not so difficultso difficult a subject a subject as as Russia. Russia. l l ③③一方是另一方的若干倍时一方是另一方的若干倍时,, 表示倍数的结构有以下几种:表示倍数的结构有以下几种: 1 .1 .A is three (four , etc .) times/half/one A is three (four , etc .) times/half/one third the size (height , length…)of B .third the size (height , length…)of B .如:如: Their library is twice the size of ours .Their library is twice the size of ours . 2 .2 .A is three (four , etc .)times/half/one A is three (four , etc .)times/half/one third as big (high , long…)as B .third as big (high , long…)as B .如:如: The new bridge is three times as long as The new bridge is three times as long as the old one .the old one . 3 .3 .A is three (four , etc .)times/half/one A is three (four , etc .)times/half/one third bigger (higher , longer…)than Bthird bigger (higher , longer…)than B . .如如 :: Your school is three times bigger than Your school is three times bigger than ours .ours . 4. 4. 表示形容词比较级的句型:表示形容词比较级的句型: 1)1)表示一方表示一方超过超过另一方时,用另一方时,用“ “形容词比较级形容词比较级 +than.”+than.”,,而且可以用而且可以用much , even, a much , even, a lot, any, still, a bit, a little, a great deal , lot, any, still, a bit, a little, a great deal , …times, …%,far, by far…times, …%,far, by far等副词修饰形容等副词修饰形容 词比较级;词比较级; The weather of this year is The weather of this year is a lot hotter a lot hotter thanthan that of last year.that of last year. Is this hotel Is this hotel any better thanany better than the one we the one we lived lived in last time?in last time? 2)2)表示一方不如另一方时,用表示一方不如另一方时,用“ “.less+.less+形形 容词原级容词原级 +than.”+than.”;; I admit that I am less brave than you.I admit that I am less brave than you. He is less nervous than you.He is less nervous than you. 3). “The more. the more.”3). “The more. the more.”(越(越…………就就 越越…………),), 如:如:The harder he works, the happier The harder he works, the happier he feels. he feels. 4).more and more4).more and more越来越越来越 Our country is becoming Our country is becoming more and more and moremore beautifulbeautiful and and richer and richerricher and richer. . l l 5). more…. than…5). more…. than…与其说与其说……倒不如说倒不如说 l l It is more like a wall than a spear.It is more like a wall than a spear. l l They are more like father and son than They are more like father and son than teacher and student.teacher and student. l l Smith is more diligent than intelligent.Smith is more diligent than intelligent. l l 6).not+6).not+比较级比较级 纯表示比较纯表示比较 l l no+no+比较级比较级 含有对两者的否定含有对两者的否定 l l I am not better at English than you.I am not better at English than you. l l I am no better at English than you.I am no better at English than you. l l (Imply :Neither you nor I am good at (Imply :Neither you nor I am good at English.)English.) uu对以上句型要特别注意在对以上句型要特别注意在具体语言环境中的灵具体语言环境中的灵 活运用活运用。例如:。例如: l l —What do you think of his voice? —What do you think of his voice? l l —I don't think I —I don't think I have ever heard a betterhave ever heard a better voice. voice. l l 该对话的答语以比较级的形式表达了最高级的该对话的答语以比较级的形式表达了最高级的 含义,意思等于含义,意思等于“ “I think his voice is the I think his voice is the best”best”。。 l l The trip could not have been better.The trip could not have been better. l l The The ChangjiangChangjiang River is longer than River is longer than any any other river in China.other river in China. l l The The ChangjiangChangjiang River is longer than River is longer than any any river in Korea. river in Korea. l l 注意注意: : l l 形容词形容词 修饰不定代词时放在后面修饰不定代词时放在后面. . l l EgEg: I didn’t get : I didn’t get anythinganything valuablevaluable from the speech.from the speech. l l If you listen carefully, you will find If you listen carefully, you will find something something newnew. . 副词副词用法用法 用做状语用做状语, ,修饰动词修饰动词, ,形容词形容词, ,副词副词, ,词组词组, ,或整个句子或整个句子 . . 1.They 1.They listened listened to the teacher to the teacher attentivelyattentively and and tooktook notes notes every now and thenevery now and then. . 2. The ticket is 2. The ticket is terribly terribly expensiveexpensive. . 3.I like English 3.I like English veryvery much. much. 4. He is 4. He is reallyreally a good man. a good man. 5. 5.ObviouslyObviously,he is telling a lie.,he is telling a lie. uuActually/luckily/generally/unfortunately etcActually/luckily/generally/unfortunately etc常常 用来修用来修饰饰饰饰句子句子. . uu注意注意: : l l 1.1.名词名词+ +lyly构成形容词构成形容词; ;形容词形容词+ +lyly构成副构成副 词词 l l friendly, lovely, lively, homely, friendly, lovely, lively, homely, manly… (manly… (形容词形容词) ) l l friendlily, livelily, happily… (friendlily, livelily, happily… (副副 词词) ) l l 2.fast,early,straight2.fast,early,straight既是形容词又是副既是形容词又是副 词词, ,不加不加lyly. . l l He runs fast.He runs fast. l l Can you give me a fast answer?Can you give me a fast answer? 两种副词形式的比较两种副词形式的比较 有些常用副词,两种形式,意义不同。如:有些常用副词,两种形式,意义不同。如: close close 接近(指距离)接近(指距离) closely closely 仔细地;密切仔细地;密切 地地 free free 免费免费 freely freely 自由地;自如地自由地;自如地 deep deep 深深 deeply deeply 深刻地深刻地 hard hard 努力地努力地 hardly hardly 几乎不几乎不 wide wide 宽宽 widely widely 广泛地广泛地 high high 高高 highly highly 高度地高度地 late late 晚;迟晚;迟 lately lately 近来近来 most most 最最 mostly mostly 主要地;绝大多数主要地;绝大多数 地地 练习练习: : l1. This __________ girl is Lind’s cousin. A. pretty little Spanish B. Spanish little pretty l C. Spanish pretty little D. little pretty Spanish 形容词顺序 l2. Mr. Smith owns ______ collection of coins than anyone else I have ever met. lA. largerB. a larger C. the largerD. a large l3. 27. John is very lazy. He falls ______ behind in his studies. l A. very B. far l C. more D. still 副词 l4. What a table ! I’ve never seen such a thing before .It is___ it is long. lA.half not as wide as lB.wide not as half as lC.not half as wide as lD.as wide as not half l5. ---- How is everything going on with you in Europe? l ----Quite well. Not so smoothly as I hoped, _________. l A. though B. instead l C. either D. too l6. David has won the first prize in singing; he is still very excited now and feels________ desire to go to bed. lA. the most B. more lC. worse D. the least l7. -Is your headache getting_____________? -No, it’s worse. lA.better B.Bad lC.less D.well l8. —Must I turn off the gas after cooking ? l —Of course . You can never be _____ careful with that . lA.enough B.too l C.so D.very l9. There was such long queue for coffee at the interval that we ________ gave up. lA. eventually B. unfortunately C. generouslyD. purposefully l10. At times, worrying is a normal, ________ response to a difficult event or situation --- a loved one being injured in an accident, for example. lA. effective B. individual lC. inevitable D. unfavorable l11. My mother always gets a bit _________ if we don’t arrive when we say we will. lA.anxious B.ashamed lC.weak D.patient l12.Bob ran the 100 meters in 9.91 seconds, and I have not seen _________ this year. lA.the bestB.Better lC.the most D.More l 13.If it is quite _______ to you, I will visit you next Tuesday. lA. convenient B. fair lC. easy D. comfortable l14. John is the tallest boy in the class, _______ according to himself. lA. five foot eight as tall as lB. as tall as five foot eight lC. as five foot eight tall as lD. as tall five foot eight as
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