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中医护理发展史介绍1课件

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do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 中医护理学基础中医护理学基础 第二章 中医护理学发展简史 Date w 1 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 1、了解各朝代中医护理的发展 2、了解现代护理学与中医护理的关系 3、熟悉《黄帝内经》《伤寒杂病论》《外科精义 》 《侍疾要语》对中医护理学基础的贡献 4、熟悉《千金方》在妇儿科护理的内容。 学习目标: Date w 2 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 一、中医护理的地位 二、中医护理学的形成 三、中医护理的展望 第二章 中医护理学发展简史 40 Date w 3 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 中医护理的地位 *中医护理是中医药重要组成部分,也是中国护理学的 主要组成部分。 *归属于医学学科门类 I级学科---临床医学 学科专业---护理学 方向分化---中医护理 Date w 4 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 现代护理 中西医结合护理 护理学专业 中医护理 社区护理 疗养康复护理 Date w 5 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 中医护理学的形成 萌芽时期 夏-春秋时期 战国-东汉时期 宋金元时期 隋唐五代时期 魏晋南北朝时期 明代时期 清代时期 当代 Date w 6 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 各时期对中医护理的贡献 一、萌芽时期(原始社会) Date w 7 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 神神 农农 Date w 8 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 古代针具的演变 Date w 9 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 二、夏-春秋时期 卫生保健 护理 饮食护理 传染病护理 Date w 10 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 三、战国-东汉时期 (一)《黄帝内经》 (二)《伤寒杂病论》 (三)华佗。 Date w 11 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 黃黃 帝帝 內內 經經 Date w 12 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《黄帝内经》与中医护理学基础 1. 天人合一学说与生活护理 2. 饮食护理 3. 情志护理 4. 病情观察 5. 护理诊疗技术 Date w 13 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 张张 仲仲 景景 Date w 14 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 伤 寒 论 Date w 15 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《伤寒杂病论》与中医护理学基础 1. 首创中药灌肠 2. 开展心肺复苏术 3. 发展中药用药法 4. 完善饮食护理 5. 舌下含服 Date w 16 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 华佗对护理的贡献 1. 首创剖腹术的护理 2 .倡导“五禽戏”用于养生保健 Date w 17 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 华佗 Date w 18 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 五禽之戏五禽之戏 Date w 19 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 模仿虎、鹿、熊、猿、鸟五种禽兽的动作 ,组编而成的一套锻炼身体的功法。 Date w 20 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 四、魏晋南北朝时期与中医护理 《脉经》 《肘后救急卒方》 Date w 21 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《肘后救急卒方》 w 腹水病人的饮食指导 w 瘿病的治疗 w 狂犬病的治疗 Date w 22 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 五、隋唐五代时期 《诸病源候论》 《千金方》 《外台秘要》 《食疗本草》 《刘涓子鬼遗方》 Date w 23 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《诸病源候论》 1. 病情观察 2. 外科护理 3. 强身健体 术后病人饮食、 乳痈早期护理 呼吸法、健身 法、搂肚法等 Date w 24 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《千金方》 1. 妇产科护理 2. 婴幼儿护理 3. 饮食护理(提出先用食疗后用药疗) 4. 预防养生保健 5. 情志护理 6. 投药护理 7. 中医护理技术操作的发展 8. 高尚的医德 Date w 25 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 六、宋金元时期 w 《太平圣惠方》----服药的方法 w 《饮膳正要》----食、养、医结合 w 《脾胃论》----辨证施护 w 《保生要录》-----社区保健 w 《妇人大全良方》----妇产科护理 w 《卫济宝书》-----外科护理 w 《外科精义》-----外科护理 Date w 26 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians w 《外科精义》 首部护理专论,从六方面专论护理内容: 1.首先提出病室环境宜安静; 2.规定了探视制度 3.注意情志护理 4.强调饮食卫生及营养 5.做好康复护理 6.提出了护理人员应具备的条件 Date w 27 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 七、明代时期 《本草纲目》--世界医药杰出贡献 《温疫论》--世纪性传染病因卓越创见 消毒隔离 预 防接种 饮食卫 生 Date w 28 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 八、清代时期 《温热论》 《治疫全书》 《侍疾要语》 Date w 29 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 《侍疾要语》 1、 情志护理 2、 生活护理 3、 病情观察 4、 投药护理 现存最早古籍中医护理专书 Date w 30 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 九、当代 w 1958年江苏省中医院编写了首部中医护 理专著《中医护理学》,创办了第一所 中医护校 。 w 1985年北京中医药大学率先成立了中医 护理系 ,招收大专生。 w 1999年我国首届中医护理本科在广州中 医药大学护理系招生 。 w 2003年9月南京中医药大学护理学院在 中医学招生(护理方向硕士)。 Date w 31 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 中医护理的现状 1、中医护理适合现代护理的发展方向 2、中医护理的效果渐渐得到肯定 3、中医护理在社区中有很大的发展空间 4、中医护理拥有巨大的国际市场。 Date w 32 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 中医护理的展望 w中医护理要发展,要走向世界,就 必须要走科学研究的道路。 w中医护理要发展,要走向世界,就 必须要走继续教育的道路。 Date w 33 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians w 近10年来中医护理研究方向: 1.开展中医护理高等教育研究 2. 开展中医整体护理模式的研究; 3.开展中药外用药护理的研究; 4.开展中医护理技术与方法在社区保 健和康复的应用研究。 Date w 34 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 1、提高现有中医护理人员的专业水平 2、提高现有中医护理人员的国际交流水平 3、现有护理人员普及中医护理学知识 4、拓宽中医护理的应用范围 5、与国际护理接轨、完善整体护理的内容 Date w 35 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 护理专业教学改革趋势 ◎师资培养的改革。 ◎课程的重组与整合,并逐渐走向规范。 ◎普及中医护理基础课程。 ◎从二级学科成为一级学科,并向各个发展方向 发展为专业,学历教育不断提高。 ◎临床护理向专科化发展。 Date w 36 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 孙思邈曰:“ 凡大 医治病,必当安神定志,无 欲无求,先发大慈恻隐之心 ,誓愿普救含灵之苦。若有 疾厄来求救者,不得问其贵 贱贫富,长幼妍媸,怨亲善 友,华夷愚智,普同一等, 皆如至亲之想;亦不得瞻前 顾后,自虑吉凶,护惜身命 。” 孙思邈 Date w 37 do we simplify complex fractions and complex rational Disorders Building a Community of Support Immunizations American Academy of Family Physicians 小 结 绪论 各时期对中医护理的贡献 Date w 38
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