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2015中考历史冲刺二轮复习课件 专题四 大国崛起

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中考历史二轮专题复习专题 中考历史复习课件 中考历史总复习课件 大国崛起专题 专题四大国崛起 中考历史复习 中考历史二轮复习专题 中考历史总复习冲刺课件
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To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 历 史 初三历史中考第二轮专题复习 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 一、各国走上资本主义道路的方式 国家时间时间方式扫扫清的障碍领导领导 人重要文件、内容 英国1640年资产阶级 革 命 封建君主专制克伦威尔《权利法案》 法国1789年 资产阶级 大 革命 封建君主专制 等级制度 罗伯斯庇尔 拿破仑 《人权宣言》 《拿破仑法典》 美国 1775年独立战争英国殖民统治 华盛顿 杰斐逊 《独立宣言》 1862年美国内战黑人奴隶制度林肯 《解放黑人奴隶宣言 》 俄国1861年农奴制改革农奴制度亚历 山大二世废除农奴制法令 日本1868年明治维新 幕府封建统治 西方列强入侵 明治天皇 (睦仁) 政治上、经济 上,军事 上、社会生活和教育 上、法律上 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 二、各国走上资本主义道路中颁布的重要文件: 国家文件名主要内容思想 英国《权利法案》 1689年国会颁布:对国王在经济、政治、宗教事务中的权力进行了严 格的限定,确定资产阶级 国会拥有最高权力的原则,并对公民应有的 权利作了明确规定。建立“君主立宪制”。 基本 上都 体现 了自 由、 平等 的资 产阶 级民 主思 想。 法国 《人权宣言》①人生来就是而且始终是自由平等的,②私有财产神圣不可侵犯。 《拿破仑法典 》 《民法典》又被称为《拿破仑法典》。内容:A、确立民事权利平等, 废除贵族特权。B、财产所有权无限制。C、契约自由。 它的立法精神和原则被后来许多欧洲国家借鉴和效仿。 美国 《独立宣言》 1776年由杰斐逊起草,①宣告北美十三个殖民地脱离英国,成 为独立的国家——美国。②人人生而平等,每个人都拥有生命权、自 由权和追求幸福的权利。 《解放黑人奴 隶宣言》 1862年林肯颁布,规定从1863年1月1日起,南方叛乱各州 的黑人奴隶一律获得人身自由。(在一定程度上废除了奴隶制度) 日本 《大日本帝国 宪法》 实行有限的宪政统治,巩固了明治维新的成果。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 三、美国的崛起之路 1.美国独立战争(1775—1783年) (1)根本原因:英国的殖民统治压制了北美资本主义的发展。 (2)开始标志:来克星顿的枪声(1775年)。 (3)转折点:萨拉托加战役(1777年)。 (4)领导人:华盛顿 。 (5)重要文献:1776年7月4日发表《独立宣言》,标志美国的诞生。 (6)性质:既是民族解放战争,又是资产阶级革命。 (7)历史意义:美国独立战争结束了英国殖民统治,实现了国家独立,确立了比较民主 的资产阶级政治体制,有利于美国资本主义的发展,对以后欧洲和拉丁美洲的革命也起了 推动作用,是美国第一次资产阶级革命。 2.美国南北战争(1861—1865年) (1)根本原因:南方奴隶制阻碍了北方资本主义工业的发展。 (2)南北矛盾的焦点:奴隶制的废存问题。 (3)导火线:林肯当选为美国总统。 (4)领导者:林肯。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 (5)重要文献:《解放黑人奴隶宣言》。 (6)性质:美国历史上第二次资产阶级革命 。 (7)历史意义:维护了国家统一,废除了奴隶制度,扫清了美国资本主义发展的又一障 碍,是美国的第二次资产阶级革命。 3.罗斯福新政(1933年) (1)背景:1929—1933年的经济危机引起了政治危机。 (2)目的:直接目的是为了消除经济危机,根本目的是为了巩固资产阶级的统治。 (3)特点:加强国家对经济的干预和指导。 (4)内容:中心措施是颁布《国家工业复兴法》,对工业进行调整;以及对农业、金融 业的调整、兴建公共工程。 (5)历史意义: ①美国经济得到了恢复,人民生活得到改善。 ②资本主义制度得到调整、巩固与发展。 ③资本主义国家对经济的干预和指导得到加强。 ④美国联邦政府的权力明显增强。 ⑤罗斯福新政开创了资本主义国家干预经济的先例。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 4.二战后美国经济的发展 (1)20世纪五六十年代,美国经济持续发展,西部和南部发展尤为迅速。 (2)20世纪70年代至80年代初,由于经济危机,经济地位下降,美国政府调整经济政策 ,经济形势有所好转但债务负担加重。 (3)20世纪90年代,美国经济持续稳定发展,进入新经济时代(又称知识经济时代), 新经济的主要特征为信息化和全球化。 5.美国与三次工业革命 (1)第一次工业革命:美国人富尔顿发明汽船。 (2)第二次工业革命:美国和德国走在前列。美国的成就:“发明大王”爱迪生研制成功耐 用碳丝灯泡、莱特兄弟制成飞机。对美国的重大影响:第二次工业革命使美国工业产量跃 居世界第一位。 (3)第三次科技革命:起源于美国。1945年世界第一台电子计算机在美国宾夕法尼亚大 学诞生。 6.美国与两次世界大战 (1)第一次世界大战:“一战”初美国宣布“中立”。1917年,美国对德宣战。1921-1922年 召开了华盛顿会议,签署了《九国公约》,首次把侵略的目光瞄向了远东和太平洋地区。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primary political task of the educators in 2018. Through the study of the spirit of the two sessions, I have a profound awareness that the key to the prosperity and development of the country lies in the Party, and the key to the all-round rejuvenation of the nation lies in education. The two sessions were held on March 3, and the two sessions have attracted much attention. The Congress of democracy, unity, harmony, and pragmatism has determined the work of economic and social development in 2018, which is of great significance for further promoting scientific development, promoting social harmony, and continuously opening up a new situation for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At present, the most important political task before us is to concentrate on the two Will spirit study well, carry out well. Reform is still the focus of this year's “two sessions.“ Our party should continue to deepen the reform in an all-round way and unswervingly go on, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance ability, which requires the Party to improve its governing ability and efficiency and raise its work level. The anti-corruption issue is also the focus of more efforts, because in the past year, our country has made great progress on the road of fighting corruption and promoting integrity, and has cracked down on many corrupt officials. To those who do not wholeheartedly for the welfare of the people of the government personnel heavy blow and warning. And it is precisely because of the vigorous administration of the party and the state that some public funds eat and drink. Corruption and other phenomena have mostly disappeared, so this year's deep reform 专题四 大国崛起 (2)第二次世界大战: ①1941年12月7日,日本偷袭美国海军基地珍珠港,太平洋战争爆发,美国对日宣战。 ②1942年1月1日,美、苏、中、英等26国签署《联合国家宣言》,标志世界反法西斯联盟 成立。 ③1944年6月,美英盟军诺曼底登陆,开辟了欧洲第二战场。反法西斯战争进入最后决战 阶段。 ④1945年2月,美、英、苏三国召开雅尔塔会议。(分区占领德国;战后成立联合国;苏 联在结束欧战三个月内参加对日作战。) ⑤1945年8月,美国在日本广岛、长崎投下两颗原子弹。 7.美苏两极格局的形成 (1)冷战政策:“杜鲁门主义”的出台标志冷战的开始。冷战主要表现在政治上——“杜鲁 门主义”出台,经济上——推行“马歇尔计划”,军事上——成立北约组织。 (2)两极格局:北约和华约的成立标志两极格局形成。 (3)多极化趋势:东欧剧变,苏联解体标志两极格局结束,世界政治格局朝着多极化方 向发展。 To study and implement the spirit of the two sessions is the primar
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