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2015中考英语语法专题复习 一般现在时

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The Simple Present Tense 一般现在时态 一般现在时 一般过去时 现在进行时 初中常用八种时态 过去进行时 过去将来时 一般将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时 一般现在时 定义:表示经常性、习惯性动作或现在 存在的状态。 二、一般现在时用法 习惯动作 现在情况 客观真理 主将从现 I get up at six every morning. They are very busy. He needs help. The moon moves round the earth. We’ll go there if it doesn’t rain. He’ll call you when he arrives. 三、时间标志词 1.一般现在时的动词常与often, usually, always,sometimes,never等频度副词连用 。 always usuallyoftensometimes seldomnever Eg:Tom 经常早上六点起床。 Tom often gets up at six o’clock. 2. every day, once a week,on Sundays等 。 Eg: 他一星期去一次动物园。 He goes to the zoo once a week. 四、一般现在时的两种构成之一 她现在忙。 She is busy now. 她现在不忙。 She isn’t busy now. 她现在忙吗? Is she busy now? 是的,她是。 Yes,she is. 不,她不是。 No,she isn’t. 肯定句 否定句 疑问句 回答 一般现在时的两种构成之二 Tom often gets up at six o’clock. 变否定句 Tom often get up at six o’clock. 变疑问句  Tom often get up at six o’clock? 回答 Yes,he does. No,he doesn’t. doesn’t s Does 动词单三变化规则 直接+s 以x、s、ch、sh结尾的+es 元音+y结尾的直接+s 辅音+y结尾的,把y变i+es 特殊疑问句:疑问词+ do/does+主语+动词原形+其他? Exercise:对划线部分提问 e.g. I want an apple. What do you want? She wants an apple. What does she want? I often have lunch at 12 o’clock. When do you have lunch? She often has lunch at 12 o’clock. When does she have lunch? Exercise 1.The bike is nice.How much______it______?(cost) 2. The shop___________(close)at this time of day. 3. My teacher often_________(tell)us not to play on the street. 4.Light___________(travel)much faster than sound. 一般现在时要点 1.频度副词 2.单三 1.This is my pencil ? (变一般疑 问句) your pencil ? 2. These red socks are Kate’s . (变一般 疑问句) socks Kate’s ? 3. I want to buy a big green bag . (变特 殊疑问句) you want to buy ? 4. Mary does not have any books . (变肯 定句)Mary books . 5. The clothing shop is on sale . (变为否 定句) 6. She likes the black bag very much . (变为否 定句) 7. I buy the pants for only 50 Yuan. (用she改 写句子) the pants for only 50 Yuan. 8. It’s an English dictionary . (对画线部分提 问) 9. Lily and Lucy are fifteen years old now . ( 对画线部分提问) Lily and Lucy ? 10. Her dog is 2 years and 5 months old . (变 为否定句) Her dog 2 years and 5 months old . 11. I usually get up at seven o’clock . (用he改 写句子) at seven o’clock . 12. He often has hamburger and apples for dinner . (变为一般疑问句) 13. My family always like thrillers . (对画 线部分提问) your family always like ? 14. Jane’s sister wants to see the comedy . (变为一般疑问句) Jane’s sister to see the comedy ? 15. Maria and Jack come to this school on Monday . (对画线部分提问) Maria and Jack come to this school ? 16. Titanic is really a great sad movie . (对画 线部分提问) Titanic ? 17. I think this documentary is boring . (变复 数句) think boring . 18. Mike can play the guitar . (对画线部分提 问) Mike ? 19. Julia and her mother can live (居住) in the same city . (变一般疑问句) Julia and her mother live in the same city ? 20. The teacher wants to join a music club . (变为 特殊疑问句) club the teacher want to join ? 21. She doesn’t know when to join the rock band . (变为肯定句)She when to join the rock band . 22. My mother usually has lunch at 12:12 . (对画 线部分提问) your mother usually lunch ? 23. Li Xing goes home late on Friday afternoon . ( 变为一般疑问句) Li Xing home late on Friday afternoon ? 24. Li Xing goes home late on Friday afternoon . (对画线部分提问) Li Xing goes home late ? 25. This girl is Joy Smith . (变为特殊疑问句 ) is this girl ? 26. The twins are eleven . (变为特殊疑问句) are the twins ? 27. The students study English every day . (对 画线部分提问) the students study every day ? 28. They want to buy some food . (对画线部 分提问) they want to buy ? 29. She watches TV on Saturday evening . (对 画线部分提问) she TV ? 30. She often has a drink of water after supper . (变为一般疑问句) she often a drink of water after supper ? 31. That is an apple tree . (变为复数句) 32. Mike’s birthday is February 19th . (对画线 部分提问) is Mike’s birthday ? 33. Come down to our new shop, please. (变为否 定句) to our new shop, please. 二.用be动词的适当形式填空。 1. I a student . You a teacher . 2. She my friend. 3. you Li Fen ? No, not . 4. Mr. green very busy?Yes , he . 5. He must at home . 6. Comedy very interesting . 7. thrillers very scary ? 8. You and I good friends . 9. His friends very funny . 10. The twins very happy because they want to go to a movie . 11. Our class big , but their class small . 12. The basketball club exciting and fun . 13. The girl in red clothes my sister . 14. Lily’s room not very big . 15. It _______ nice to meet you. 16. Your name _______ nice. 17. What class you in ? 18. ________ your Number Seven? 三.用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. My classmate (know) the man on the bike . 2. His sister usually (go) to school at 7:00 am . 3. Lin Tao (like) his new sweater . 4. Let me (have) a look . 5. Let’s (play) tennis ! 6. he (like) English ? 7. I want (go) to a movie . 8. He (not know)the teacher’s name . 9. Nice (meet) you ! 10. Can I (ask) the policeman ? 11. (sit) down and (have) a cup of tea . 12. (not look) at your book ! 13. you (can see)the bananas on the table ? 14. I need (buy ) some new clothes . 15. She likes (play) chess . 16. It’s time (play) games . 17. You must (be) a good student . 18. She must (sing) well . 19. He (have) an egg and a banana for breakfast . 20. Li Min (take) a shower after lunch . 21. People usually (eat) dinner in the evening . 22. What time Mary usually (play) basketball ? 23. This boy likes (play) chess with his father on weekends . 24. Where his parents (work) now, do you know? 25. Who (teach) you English in your school? 26. Helen, (not be) late for class again. 27. I don’t like the movie. It’s (bore). 28. (not look) at the pictures. (listen) to me. 29. Little Tom can (ride) a horse. 30. The weather (be ) windy today. Thank you!
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