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2015中考英语语法专题复习宾语从句

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2015中考英语语法专题复习宾语从句 中考英语语法复习 初中英语语法 中考英语 语法专题复习 中考英语专题复习 中考英语语法专题 中考英语语法总复习 初中英语语法专题 宾语从句宾语从句 语法专题复习
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宾宾 语语 从从 句句 The Object ClauseThe Object Clause 1. I know him . 2. I know who he is . 主语谓语宾语 (简单句) 主语谓语 宾 语 从 句 连接词 从句主语 从句谓语 主 句 (复合句) 宾语从句的概念: 由一个句子充当宾语。 句子结构: 主句 + 引导词 + 宾语从句 直接引语 间接引语 A B   C 转述别人的话。 宾语从句 Jimmy:‘I arrived in Scotland.’ He said that he had arrived in Scotland. 四大要素 1.人称 2.连接词 3.时态 4.语序 1.人称 I-he/she my→his/her your →your this →that these → those now → then 2.连接词 原句是陈述句,用that 原句是一般疑问句,用whether/if 原句是特殊疑问句,用特殊疑问词 ((what, who, whom, which, whosewhat, who, whom, which, whose)或()或( when, where, how, whywhen, where, how, why)) Exercise vvShe says She says __________________ s she has a handbag.he has a handbag. vvDo Do you you knowknow________ ________ the the plane plane willwill leave?leave? She asks meShe asks me ___________ ___________Tom was a Tom was a teacherteacher 10 years ago. 10 years ago. He tells me____________he is watching TV. I want to knowI want to know ___________ ___________he has been to he has been to ? ? thatwhen if /whetherif /whether thatwhere 3 3、时态、时态 1.1.如果主句是如果主句是现在现在的时态的时态, ,从句时态不变。从句时态不变。 2. 2. 如果主句是如果主句是过去过去的时态,从句要用相应的的时态,从句要用相应的 过去时态。过去时态。 3. 3. 当从句是当从句是客观真理客观真理 时,用一般现在时。时,用一般现在时。 3.时态(前提:主句是过去时) 原句时态从句时态 一般现现在时时 一般过过去时时 现现在进进行时时 一般将来时时 现现在完成时时 一般过去时 过去完成时 过去进行时 过去将来时 过去完成时 Exercise: vvShe She saidsaid that that s she has a handbag.he has a handbag. vvDidDid you you knowknow whenwhen the the plane plane will will leave?leave? She She askedasked me me if if Tom was a Tom was a teacherteacher 10 years ago. 10 years ago. He told me that he is watching TV. I I wantedwanted to know to know wherewhere he has been he has been to ?to ? had would had been was had 4.语序 宾语从句的语序用陈述语序宾语从句的语序用陈述语序 Eg: I want to know when is your birthday. I want to know when your birthday is.  连接词连接词 + +主语主语+ + 谓语谓语 √ 1. When will he go to the library? 1. When will he go to the library? His brother asks when His brother asks when he will go tohe will go to the library . the library . His brother asks when His brother asks when will he go towill he go to the library . the library . 2. What does he want to buy ?2. What does he want to buy ? I don’t know what I don’t know what he wants tohe wants to buy . buy . I don’t know what I don’t know what does he want todoes he want to buy . buy . 3. Who are we going to meet ?3. Who are we going to meet ? Can you tell me who Can you tell me who we are going towe are going to meet ? meet ? Can you tell me who Can you tell me who are we going toare we going to meet ? meet ? √ √ √ 4. Does he know French ?4. Does he know French ? We want to know if/whether We want to know if/whether he knowshe knows French . French . We want to know if/whether We want to know if/whether does he knowdoes he know French. French. 5. Will they go to Canada in summer ? 5. Will they go to Canada in summer ? They’ re not sure if /whether They’ re not sure if /whether they will go tothey will go to Canada Canada in summer . in summer . They’ re not sure if /whether They’ re not sure if /whether will they go towill they go to Canada Canada in summer . in summer . √ √ 1. 1. Did the students have a picnic last Sunday ? Did the students have a picnic last Sunday ? Do you know ? Do you know ? 2. 2. Mr. Mr. Smith Smith have have been been in in China China for for about about three three years .years . Jim told Lin Tao . Jim told Lin Tao . Do you know if/whether the students had a picnic Do you know if/whether the students had a picnic last Sunday ?last Sunday ? Jim told Lin Tao (that) Mr Smith had been in China Jim told Lin Tao (that) Mr Smith had been in China for about three years .for about three years . 3. Which book should I read first ? 3. Which book should I read first ? Please tell me . Please tell me . 4. Light travels faster than sound . 4. Light travels faster than sound . Our teacher told us yesterday. Our teacher told us yesterday. Please tell me which book I should read Please tell me which book I should read first .first . Our teacher told us (that) light travels Our teacher told us (that) light travels faster than sound yesterday.faster than sound yesterday. 1 1..could could / / wouldwould是委婉语气,而不是过去式是委婉语气,而不是过去式 ,因此宾语从句的时态根据实际情况用不,因此宾语从句的时态根据实际情况用不 同时态。同时态。 注意事项注意事项 vvWould you like to know when he Would you like to know when he willwill come back ? come back ? 2. 2. 如果从句中含有如果从句中含有oror或或or notor not时,只能时,只能 用用whetherwhether而不用而不用if if vvDo you knowDo you know whetherwhether he is righthe is right or notor not ? ? 3. 连词+宾语从句 连词+to do vI don’t know what I shall do next . I don’t know what to do next . 宾语从句的简化 1. 1. The young man asked _____ it's summer or winter. The young man asked _____ it's summer or winter. A. either B. that C. weather D. whether A. either B. that C. weather D. whether 2. 2. We don't know ______ they did it . We don't know ______ they did it . A. how B. who C. what D. which A. how B. who C. what D. which 3. 3. The The teacher teacher asks asks us us ____ ____ Jim Jim can can come come back back on on time .time . A. that B. if C. when D. what time A. that B. if C. when D. what time 4. 4. Does Does anybody anybody know know ______ ______ we we will will have have a a sports sports meeting this weekend or not .meeting this weekend or not . A. if B. where C. whether D. that A. if B. where C. whether D. that D D A A B B C C 5. I wonder _______ he is crying now . 5. I wonder _______ he is crying now . A. that B. why C. how D. when A. that B. why C. how D. when 6. Have you found out ______ we can do on Hainan 6. Have you found out ______ we can do on Hainan Island ?Island ? A. what B. how C. if D. whether A. what B. how C. if D. whether 7. Lily said _______ she had finished her composition . 7. Lily said _______ she had finished her composition . A. if B. that C. when D. where A. if B. that C. when D. where 8. I don’t know ______ he still lives here .8. I don’t know ______ he still lives here . A. where B. what C. when D. whether A. where B. what C. when D. whether B B A A B B D D 1 .The children said they themselves very much .  A .if ,enjoy B .why ,enjoyed  C .what ,enjoy D .that ,enjoyed 3 .We couldn’t find out ,so we asked a policeman .  A .whose bike it was B .whose bike was it  C .whose it was bike D .whose was it bike 4 .Do you know take to get to the hospital?  A .which way must we B .which must we way  C .which way we must D .which we must way 5 .Tom asked to school late .  A .who did often come B .who often did come  C .who often come D .who often came 1. Could you show me ________ ?1. Could you show me ________ ? A. how can I get to the station A. how can I get to the station B. where is the station B. where is the station C. how I could get to the station C. how I could get to the station D. how I can reach the station D. how I can reach the station 2. Please tell me _______. 2. Please tell me _______. A. what does he like B. what he does like A. what does he like B. what he does like C. what he likes D. what he like C. what he likes D. what he like 3. My sister told him ________ .3. My sister told him ________ . A. what day was it B. when the train arrived A. what day was it B. when the train arrived C. who she was waiting D. where did you live C. who she was waiting D. where did you live C C B B D D 4. Could you tell me where we _______ next week .4. Could you tell me where we _______ next week . A. would go B. to go A. would go B. to go C. had to go D. will go C. had to go D. will go 5. Could you tell me how much ________to fly to 5. Could you tell me how much ________to fly to Hainan ?Hainan ? A.do it cost B.does it cost A.do it cost B.does it cost C.it cost D.it costs C.it cost D.it costs 6. The small children don't know ______. 6. The small children don't know ______. A.what is their stockings in A.what is their stockings in B.what is in their stockings B.what is in their stockings C.where is their stockings in C.where is their stockings in D.what in their stockings D.what in their stockings D D B B D D 7. Someone is ringing the doorbell . Go and see _______ .7. Someone is ringing the doorbell . Go and see _______ . A. who is he B. who he is A. who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is C. who is it D. who it is 8. Could you tell me how long __________ ?8. Could you tell me how long __________ ? A. you have bought the watch A. you have bought the watch B. you have kept this science book B. you have kept this science book C. have you been away from China C. have you been away from China D. have you been a member of Greener China D. have you been a member of Greener China 9. He says that if it _______ tomorrow , he _______ fishing .9. He says that if it _______ tomorrow , he _______ fishing . A. will rain , won't go B. rained , wasn't go A. will rain , won't go B. rained , wasn't go C. rains , won't go D. rain , will go C. rains , won't go D. rain , will go B B C C D D 1. Could you tell me if they _____________ (work) 1. Could you tell me if they _____________ (work) in the factory so far .in the factory so far . 2. Did your parents tell you that the sun _______ 2. Did your parents tell you that the sun _______ (rise) in east ?(rise) in east ? 3. ----- What ______ he _____ (say) just now ? 3. ----- What ______ he _____ (say) just now ? I ____________ (not can hear) him . I ____________ (not can hear) him . ----- He _______ (say) that he ________ (plant) ----- He _______ (say) that he ________ (plant) trees with his parents yesterday .trees with his parents yesterday . 4. Can you tell me when ________ (leave) 4. Can you tell me when ________ (leave) tomorrow?tomorrow? have workedhave worked risesrises diddid saysay couldn’t hearcouldn’t hear saidsaidplantedplanted to leaveto leave 5. Did he say that their parents __________ 5. Did he say that their parents __________ (come) here tomorrow . (come) here tomorrow . 6. He told me two weeks _______(be) enough.6. He told me two weeks _______(be) enough. 7. The teacher told us that the sun ______(be)7. The teacher told us that the sun ______(be) bigger than the moon . bigger than the moon . 8. I think I _______________ (tell) you what 8. I think I _______________ (tell) you what _______ (do) next . Don't just stay here! _______ (do) next . Don't just stay here!to do will tell / have told is was would come 9. A: What are you standing here for ?9. A: What are you standing here for ? B: I’m waiting here to ask Mr. Johnson if he B: I’m waiting here to ask Mr. Johnson if he ________ (give) us a talk on American ________ (give) us a talk on American history . If he _______ (have) no time , I’ll history . If he _______ (have) no time , I’ll ask Mr. Smith istead . ask Mr. Smith istead . 10. A: Do you know when Mr Green ________ 10. A: Do you know when Mr Green ________ (come) to see us next month ? (come) to see us next month ? B: Don't worry . I _______ (tell) you when he B: Don't worry . I _______ (tell) you when he really _______ (come) here . really _______ (come) here . will givewill give hashas will comewill come will tellwill tell comescomes THE ENDTHE END
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