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2015中考英语语法专题复习 副词

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He runs quick .ly He smiles happy . ily She is beautiful. very I love you .very much 什么叫副词 副词(adverb—adv.)用以修 饰动词、形容词或其他副词的 词叫作副词. 副词的分类 根据副词在句子中所起的作用,我们把副词分 为:时间副词 recently, sometimes 一般现在时 yesterday, ago, before 一般过去时 now 现在进行时 then 过去进行时 soon, tonight, today, tomorrow一般将来时 already,yet,ever,never等 现在完成 时 时间副词是确定句子时态的重要标志,所以一 定要牢固掌握不同时态的时间标志 地点副词 above, abroad, anywhere ,everywhere, down, downstairs, up, upstairs here, there outside, inside, home, in, out, outdoor, near, away, back, off等。 地点副词和动词连用时不加介词。 回家 go home 来这儿 come here 去那 go there 频度的副词 alwaysusuallyoftensom etimesseldomnever; once,twice等。 方式副词 angrily, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, easily, fast, happily, hurriedly, loudly, quickly, quietly, rapidly, slowly, suddenly, well 等。 Eg:他生气地离开了 。 He left angrily. 他工作认真。 He works carefully. 方式副词大多由“adj.+ ly” 构 成 1.直接+ly eg: loud+ly, careful+ly 2.辅音字母+y,把y变i+ly. eg:angry-angrily. 3.以-le结尾的去e+y. eg:possible-possibly. 4.shy-shyly 程度副词 a little, almost, enough, hardly, much, nearly, quite, so, too, very,even等。 有些程度副词可以修饰形容词原 级,有些能修饰形容词比较级 I feel better now. mucha little even 疑问副词 when, where, why, how, how long, how soon, how often, how far 等 疑问副词常用来构成特 殊疑问句。 用 法例 句 My mother is out . The girl there is my friend. He runs fast . I found him outside. 作表语 作定语 作状语 作宾补 副词的位置 I’ll go outside. Please do it quickly. I will go swimming tomorrow. 时间、地点和方式副词一般放在句 末。 Tomorrow I will go swimming . Dow flew the bat. 注意:有时为了强调时间、地点, 也可把时间、地点副词放在句首。 频度副词的位置 He often goes to school. 行为动词之前 She is always kind to me. You must always do your exercises. 在系动词、助动词和情态动词之后 Sometimes she comes late. 频度副词有时可以放在句首 程度副词的位置 1.修饰动词时,与频度副词一样 行为动词之前,在系动词、助动词和情态动词 之后 2.修饰adj. adv.时放在所修饰的词前面 eg:You are a very good doctor . 注意:只有enough除外,放在所修饰的 adj. adv.后面 他跑的足够的快。 He runs fast enough. 副词的排列顺序 如句末同时有两类或更多的副词时,排 列顺序为: Eg:He ran very quickly in our school 程度 方式 地点 last year. 时间 程度+方式+地点+时间 副词的比较级和最高级规则变化 1.直接+er/est. 2.辅音字母+y结尾的,把y变 i+er/est. 3.由形容词+ly构成的副词,在前 面加 more,most. Eg: more carefully 副词的比较级和最高级不规则变 化 原级级 well badly much little far late 比较级较级 最高级级 better best later(较迟 ) latest(最近的) farther/furtherfarthest /furthest less least mostmore worseworst Tom runs as fast as Mike. as+adv.原形+as 否定 not as+副词原形+as “ 和… 不一样” 或 not so+副词原形+as“ 不及/不如… Tom doesn’t run as fast as Mike. 1.行为动词+adv.比较级+than… Tom比Mike跑的快。 Tom runs faster than Mike. 2.like A better than B 喜欢A,而不大喜欢B 我喜欢苹果,而不大喜欢香蕉。 I like apples better than bananas. 3.“Which /Who … like better,A or B?” A和B,更喜欢.? 4.Who +V.+adv.比较级,A or B? A和B谁更.? Lucy和Lily,你更喜欢谁? Who do you like better, Lucy or Lily? Tom和Mike谁跑的更快? Who runs faster,Tom or Mike? 1.“The+比较级…,the+比较级 …” 越.就越. 2.“…比较级+and+比较级…” 越来.越. 越快越好。 The faster,the better. 他跑的越来越快。 He runs faster and faster. 1.主语+行为动词+(the)+adv.最高级 +of (in)… 他们当中Tom跑的最快。 Tom runs fastest of them all. Tom runs the fastest in our class. 2.Which/Who+行为动词+adv.最高级 “(在.中),哪个/谁最.?” A、B和C,谁跑的最快? Who runs the fastest,A、B or C? 3.like A best of(in)… “在.中,最喜欢A” 在所以书中,最喜欢这本。 I like this book best of all. 在图书馆中,我最喜欢这本。 I like this book best in the library. 比较级能表示最高级吗? “…than any other+可数名词单数”用 比较级的形式表示最高级的意义。 Tom runs the fastest in our class. TOM是我们班跑的最快的。 Tom runs faster than any other student in our class. 常用副词辨析 I love you . I love you. I love you . I don’t love you . too also as well ,either as well, too, either, also much,very,very much 1.I feel better now. 2.She is beautiful. 3.I love you . much very very much much too,too much. Much too “非常” Too much “太多”修饰不可数名词 1.This skirt is __________dear. 2.Don’t eat ____________ice cream. much too too much 思考:too many 修饰 什么词? ago,before 时间 现在 过去某时间 before ago Ago:一般过去时 Before:一般过去时,过去完成时,现在完成时 Thank you for listening!
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