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2015中考英语语法专题复习 状语从句

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中考英语语法 初中英语语法 英语语法状语从句 初中英语语法专题 2015中考英语语法专题 中考英语语法复习 2015中考英语 语法专题复习 中考英语语法专题 复习状语从句 初中英语语法状语从句
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状 语 从 句 状语从句可以根据其用途分为: 时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状 语从句、结果状语从句、目的状语从句 、条件状语从句、让步状语从句 一 时间状语从句 一般由when,while,as, after,before,since,until,as soon as等从属 连词引导。 当主句是一般将来时或祈使句,表示 将来的意义时,从句用一般现在时。 When he came in, I was cooking. 他进来时,我在做饭。 He came in while I was cooking. She sang as she worked. 一边……一边…… When + 短暂性动词(常+一般过去时) While + 持续性动词(常+过去进行时) As 动作衔接紧密,表“伴随” 1.when,while,as “当…时” ※while 的其他含义: While I was walking down the street, I came across an old friend. ( while =_______) He likes pop music, while I am fond of folk music. ( while =_______) when but 2. before 在……前 It will be half a year before I come back. I had finished my homework before my father came back. After 在…之后 After I had finished my homework,my father came back. 3.since “自从”(常用于现在完成时) 从他离开后我们没见过面。 We haven’t seen each other since he left.  4.as soon as”一…就…”  我一回来就给你打电话。 I’ll call you as soon as I come back.  主将 从现 5.not…until “直到…才…” 我将不会离开直到他回来。 I will not leave until he comes back.  主将 从现 I did not leave until he came back. 1. ______ he comes here tomorrow, I will call you. 2. ________ he was walking in the street, he met Tim. 3. She sang ____she worked. When While/When as 4.I ’ll ring you up _____________I get to Beijing. as soon as 5.It won’t be long ______he finishes his writing. 6.______ he had finished his work, he left there. 7.It is two years ______he came here. 8. _______she told me, I had no idea of what they had said . before After since Until 主将从现 when before as soon as not…until 二. 地点状语从句 地点状语从句由where, wherever等引导。例 如: •Where there is a will,there is a way. • You can take a walk wherever you like to. 三 原因状语从句 通常由 because,since,as,for 引导 所表示的语气由 becausesinceasfor逐渐减弱。 because表直接原因,有很强的因果关系,回答 “why”的 提问,since表很明显的原因,“既然”常放句首,as表 明显原因,语气较弱。for放句中,补充说明原因。 Eg: -Why are you late? -Because my car is broken. Since you can’t answer this question, I will call others. As it’s raining,we should stay here. You can’t see the teacher,for he isn’t in. 1. _________he was ill, he didn’t go to school. 2._______ you do not understand, I will explain again. 3. ____she was late for class, she had to say sorry. 4. He must be ill, _____he is absent today. Because Since for As 5. I eat potatoes _________I like them. 我吃土豆是因为我喜欢土豆。 6. ____I didn’t know the way, I asked a policeman. 我由于不知道路,因而问警察。 7. _______you won’t help me, I’ll ask someone else. 你既然不帮我,那我就请别人帮我。 because As Since 注: ★because of和because的区别 ① because of后加名词代词或动名词, 不加句子,而because加句子,例: Because of his illness, he didn’t go to work. 因为生病,他没上班。 Because he was ill, he didn’t go to work. 连接词: if , unless If I have a lot of money,I will buy a big house. 主将从现 四 条件状语从句 如果 除非 The sports meeting will continue,unless it rains tomorrow. 1.___ you touch an English person, you should say “sorry”. If 2. Don’t touch anything _______ your teacher tells you to. unless 主将从现 when before as soon as not…until If unless 五 目的状语从句 so that/ in order that引导目的状语从句,从句 中常用情态动词may(might)/ can (could) \ /should. Eg:我提高声音以便每个人都能听见我。 I raised my voice so that everyone could hear me. 我起床早是为了能赶上早班车。 I got up early so that I could catch up the early bus. 1. They set out early ________________ they might arrive there in time. 2. I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early _______ I can have time for a cup of tea. A. as soon as B. as a result C. in case D. so that so that (in order that) 六 结果状语从句 so…that/such…that Eg:他是如此的兴奋以至于说不出一个字。 He was so excited that he couldn’t say a word. 他讲了一个如此有趣的故事,以至于我们忘 了时间。 She told us such an interesting story that we all forgot the time. 当n.前有many或much修饰时,用so而不用such。 so…that的so后面 跟形容词或副词 ;such 在主句中修 饰名词 1. It is _____good a story that I’ll never forget it. 2. It is ______ a good story that I’ll never forget it. so such 七. 让步状语从句 让步状语从句,表示“虽然,尽管,即使”等概 念,常用的关联词有:though, although, even though等。 他虽然有病,但仍然继续工作。  Though he was ill, he was still working. 此事虽难,但我们还是要做。 Although it is difficult, we shall do it. 即使你这样说,我也不信。 Even though you say so, I do not believe it. 注: ①though和although可以互换,只是 although比较正式。 ②though不可以与连词but连用,但可以与 yet,still连用, 例:虽然他很努力,但还是没通过考试。 Though he worked hard, he couldn’t pass the exam. 1. ___________________he is old , he works hard. 2. ___________________you say so, I don’t believe it. Although / Though Even though 八. 比较状语从句 比较状语从句常用than或as…as引导。 than表示两者的比较,as…as表示程度相 同 我比TOM高。 I’m taller than Tom 他和我跑得一样快。 He runs as fast as I is do 1. He doesn’t work as hard ___you do. 2.She did worse in the test ________she expected. as than 九. 方式状语从句 方式状语从句由 as引导。eg: •Do as Romans do. •入乡随俗 •如我告诉你那样做。 •Do as I told you. •按你喜欢的方式去做。 •Do as you like. ( )1. If he _____harder next time, he will catch up with us. A. work B. worked C. works D. will work ( )2. I think WeiHua will be very happy when she _____your presents. A. looks B. will look C. receives D. will receive C C Exercise ( )3. We’ll set out as soon as our monitor _____. A. comeB. comes C. will comeD. has come ( )4. I’ll go with you if it _______fine tomorrow. A. has beenB. is C. will be D. be ( )5. I’ll meet him at the station when he _______. A. will returnB. return C. returns D. returned ( )6. I won’t go to see the film tonight, because I _______ my ticket. A. lost B. have lost C. will lost D. didn’t have B B C B ( )7. —Are you going to visit the farm tomorrow? —Yes. But if it _____, we’ll stay at school. A. rainB. rained C. rainsD. will rain ( )8. Please don’t stand up in class until you ____. A. were told to B. are told to C. were told D. are told ( )9. They won’t be back until the work _____. A . do B. does C. is done D. will do ( )10. Xiao Ming will come and play with me if he _____busy. A. isB. won’t be C. isn’t D. will be B C C C ( )11. I will let you know about it as soon as I _________the news. A. will get B. get C. got D. get ( )12. Though he is ill, ________he is still working hard. A. but B. yet C. too D. either ( )13. He was late _______ the heavy rain. A. because B. because of C. though D. if ( )14. The boy is ______ lovely that we all like him. A. soB. such C. too D. very B A D B ( )15. This is _____ an interesting book that I want to read it again. A. soB. suchC. quiteD. very ( )16. He got up early _______ he could catch up with the others. A. in order to B. To C. so that D. that C B
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