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2015中考英语语法专题复习 过去完成时

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初中英语语法过去完成时 初中英语语法 英语语法过去完成时 中考英语语法专题 中考英语语法 中考英语语法专题复习 中考英语 语法 过去完成时语法 中考英语语法复习
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构成:助动词had + 动词的过去分 词(V.pp) 用法:强调过去某一动作发生在另一动作之前。 强调 “过去的过去” 他说他以前见过你。 He said that he ______________ (see) you before. had seen 1. 用于宾语从句中,表示在说话前已完成。可和 already,never,ever,yet等连用。 Eg: 1.他告诉我说他们队已经赢了。 He told me that his team _________ already ___________ (win). had won 2. 她说她仍没去过长城。 She said that she _______________(not go to) the Great Wall yet. hadn’t been to 过去分词的构成: 1. 规则动词的变化: a) 一般情况下在动词后面加 ed work ------ worked play -------- played b) 以 e 结尾的动词直接加 d use ------ used refuse ------ refused c) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词,把 y 改 i 再加 ed study ----- studiedcarry ----- carried d) 以重读闭音节结尾的,前面有单个元音字母时 ,双写辅音字母,再加 ed stop ---- stoppeddrop ------- dropped 2. 不规则动词的变化见课本 过去完成时的构成:由助动词 had + 动词的过去分词(V.pp) 2.还可与when, before, as soon as, till/ until 等引导时间状语的从句连用, 强调动作发生的时间前后。 eg:1. 她到家之前她的孩子已经睡着了。 When she got home her children ____________(sleep).had slept 2. 在他们到达之前电影已经开始了。 Before they arrived here the film _________ already ___________ (start). had started Last night, as soon as I _______________ (finish) my work I went to sleep. 3. 我完成作业了就去睡觉了。 had finished 3. 表过去的过去已开始,这一动作 一直持续或还将持续下去。 By six o’clock they ____________ (work)for eight hours. When I came to GZ , he _____________(be) there for a long time. 1. 到了六点钟为止,他们已经工作了八小时了。 2. 我到广州时,他在那里很长时间了。 had worked had been 3.到上个月底我们在北京住了有五年时间了。 By the end of last month we ______________(live) in Beijing for five years.had lived 1. 到昨晚上,他已写完那封信。 By yesterday evening he ___________ (write) that letter. 3. 当我进来时,他已做完了作业。 When I came in he ________________(finish) his homework. 过去完成时与 by then(截止到那时); by 9 o’clock(直到 九点钟) by the end of …(在…结束/末之前); by the time…(在…时之前); up till then (直到那时); up until last night(直到昨晚)等连用,表示过去的过 去。 had written had finished 时间标志词 1. After he ______________ (finish) his work he went out. had finished 2. The children ran away after they ___________ (break) the window. had broken 3. I went to Tom’s house but he __________ (go) out. had gone 4. Annie told me that his father ____________ ( go ) to Paris and he ____________ ( come ) back in a few days. had gone would come 5. My friend __________ (buy) the car two years ago. He ________________ (buy) it for two years. bought has had
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