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黄酮类1课件

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黄酮类1课件 黄酮类化合物课件 黄酮类化合物1
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The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 第6章 黄酮类化合物 flavonoinds Ø第一节 结构类型 掌握 n第二节 理化性质 重点 n第三节 提取与分离 掌握 n第四节 鉴定 掌握 n第五节 结构测定 了解 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 第1节 结构类型 n一 概述 (了解) £ 二 定义 (掌握) £ 三 结构类型(掌握) The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. n黄酮命名特点 n黄酮类化合物多 q分布于多种植物 n丹参、甘草、银杏、红花等 q多种药效 n槲皮素有降压作用 n红花苷有活血作用等 q数量多——居酚性化合物之首 一 概述 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. n分布科属特点 q双子叶植物 n芸香科、唇形科、豆科、伞形科、 菊科等 q裸子植物 n银杏科 q藻类、菌类、地衣等低等植物中较 少 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 二 定义 n狭义: 指基本母核为2-苯基色原酮的一 类化合物。 ?请画出2-苯基色原 酮的结构式 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. n 泛指两个苯环(A-与B-环)通过中 央三碳原子相互连接而成的一系列化 合物。 如: The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 三 结构类型 n黄酮类化合物大多具有6C-3C-6C 的基本骨架。 n在A、B环上常连有-OH、-OCH3或 异戊烯基等取代基。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 黄酮类化合物的分类依据 n母核中的3C链的氧化程度 n3C链是否成环 nB环的连接位置 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. n3C链的氧化程度——黄酮类、二氢 黄酮类、花色素类或黄酮类、黄酮 醇类; n3C链是否成环——黄酮类、查尔酮 类、橙酮类等; nB环的连接位置——黄酮类(2位)、 异黄酮类(3位)等。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 黄酮类化合物的主要类别 n二氢异黄酮类 n查儿酮类 n花色素类 n黄烷醇类 n双黄酮类 n黄酮及黄酮醇类 n二氢黄酮类及二 氢黄酮醇类 n异黄酮类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 一、黄酮及黄酮醇类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 例: 3',4',5,7-四羟基黄酮 木犀草素抗菌、抗炎、心血管作用、解痉、祛痰、抗癌、抑酶作 用,抗氧化剂、利尿利胆 ,用于治疗“肌萎缩性脊髓侧索硬化症” ,治疗SAPS,治疗肝炎。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 3,3',4',5,7-五羟基黄酮 壳斗科植物伊比利亚栎皮和叶; 小檗科植物红八角莲; 金丝桃科植物红旱莲(湖南连 翘)全草; 夹竹桃科植物红麻叶。 具有祛痰、止咳作用,并有 一定的平喘作用。此外还有 降压、增强毛细血管抵抗力 、减少毛细血管脆性、降血 脂、扩张冠状动脉,增加冠 脉血流量等作用。用于治疗 慢性支气管炎。对冠心病及 高血压患者也有辅助治疗作 用。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 二、二氢黄酮类及二氢黄酮醇类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 4',7-二羟基黄酮 对消化系统溃疡有较好疗效 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 异黄酮类 n怎样的结构呢? The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 三、异黄酮类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 例 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 四、二氢异黄酮类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 抗癌活性 例 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 五、查儿酮类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 六、花色素类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 七、黄烷醇类 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 收敛,生肌,敛疮 。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 八、双黄酮类 n双黄酮类化合物主要分布在裸子植物 (除松科)中。 n尤以银杏纲最为普遍,如由C5’—C8 键相连的银杏素、异银杏素、白果素 等;以C4’—C6醚键相连的扁柏黄酮 等。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 九、其他类 n二氢查尔酮类 n高异黄酮类 n橙酮类 n山酮类(双苯吡酮类) The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 蒽醌的结构通式? The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 其他分类方法 天然黄酮类化合物多以苷类的形式存在 n按苷键类型分包括O-糖苷和C-糖苷 n黄酮的O-苷,糖的连接位置与苷元的构 型有关。如黄酮醇类单糖苷常连结在C3 、C7、C3’、C4’位上,双糖苷常连结在 C3,7或C3,4’及C7,4’位上。 天然黄酮类C-糖甙(C-glycosides),如葛根 黄素(Puerarin)、葛根黄素木糖甙 (Puerarin xyloside)等,为中药葛根中的扩 冠有效成分。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 生物合成途径(了解) n黄酮类化合物的生物合成途径中,首 先合成查耳酮,然后形成二氢黄酮 n其他的黄酮类化合物大多是经过二氢 黄酮在各种酶的作用下生物合成而得 到。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 复习题 1.构成黄酮类化合物的基本骨架是 A. 6C-6C-6C B. 3C-6C-3C C. 6C-3C D. 6C-3C-6C E. 6C-3C-3C 2.槲皮素是( ) A. 黄酮 B. 黄酮醇 C. 二氢黄酮 D. 查耳酮 E. 异黄酮 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 3.芸香糖是由( )组成的双糖 A. 两分子鼠李糖 B. 两分子葡萄糖 C. 一分子半乳糖,一分子葡萄糖 D.一分子鼠李糖 , 一分子果糖 E. 一分子葡萄糖,一分子鼠李糖 4.黄酮类化合物的基本母核是_______。 现泛指两个苯环(A与B环),通过 ______相互联结,具有______基本骨 架的一系列化合物。 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. 请判断下列化合物的类型 The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. The guiding ideology should be guided by Deng Xiaoping's theory, the important thought of “three represents“ and the spirit of the 16th CPC National Congress and the third Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee. OVER!
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