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高考英语总复习- 第一部分 解答完形填空的三大策略课件 新人教版

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高考英语总复习- 第一部分 解答完形填空的三大策略课件 新人教版 高考 英语 复习 第一 部分 解答 填空 策略 课件 新人
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词语词语 同现现、词语词语 复现现和逻辑逻辑 推理是 解答完形填空的三大策略,领领会和掌握这这 三大策略对对提高完形填空的解题题速度和准 确率都大有裨益。 1、词语词语 同现现 词语词语 同现现是指意义义上相关的词汇词汇 出 现现在同一语语篇上,构成了以某一话题为话题为 中 心的词汇链词汇链 ,也有人称之为语义场为语义场 。 解答完形填空的三大策略 2、词语复现 词语复现指某一个词以原词、同 根词、同义词、反义词(如wrong, not correct )、上义词、下义词等方式重复 出现在语篇中,语篇中的句子正通过 这种复现关系以达到相互衔接。 3、逻辑逻辑 推理 在做完形填空时许时许 多考生都会有这这 样样的经历经历 ,即使他们对选项们对选项 当中的每个 词词的意思都非常清楚,但得分不高。因为为 完形填空考查查的是一种综综合能力,不但是 对词汇对词汇 的考查查,而且对对句子间间和上下文 之间逻辑间逻辑 关系的推断也是完形填空考查查的 重点。其中逻辑逻辑 关系主要包括因果关系、 转转折关系、对对比关系、并列关系等。 • [例1] If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not notice. However, if you remove two, the bird generally leaves. This means that the bird knows the _____between two and three. A. distance B. range C. difference D. interval ü解析:C 通过对过对 上文两个实验实验 的对对比,“从四 个蛋中拿走一个,鸟鸟儿不会注意到”和“从四个 蛋中拿走两个,鸟鸟儿就会发现发现 ”可推断出鸟鸟儿 是能知道“一”和“二”的区别别,故选选C。 • [例2] For example, babies about fourteen months old almost always notice if something is taken away from a ________group. But when the number goes beyond three or four, the children are often fooled. A. single B. small C. local D. new ü解析:B 从表转转折的连词连词 But可知,上句和下 句之间间是转转折关系,下句提到“当数量超过过三或 四时时,孩子就往往被愚弄到”,换换句话说话说 “数量 较较少时时,孩子会注意到了”,故选选B。 Ø请请用上述三大策略解答下列各题题。 • 1. (2013全国)Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts. But people in the streets ________ him, especially those who are poor. A. know about B. learn from C. cheer for D. look after ü解析:A ,逻辑逻辑 推理。从上文可知“Greenberg 是一个很受欢欢迎的人”,可推断“街上的人都认认 识识他”。故选选A。 即学即用 • 2. (2013全国) He looks like any other businessman, wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase(公文箱). But he’s ________. His briefcase always has some gloves. A. calm B. different C. crazy D. curious ü解析:B ,逻辑逻辑 推理。上文提到 “他像其他商 人一样样,穿着西装,带带着公文箱”,但是“公文 箱里总总是装着几双手套”,由此可推出他是不一 样样的。故选选B。 • 3. (2013全国)A pair of gloves may be a _______ thing, but it can make a big difference in winter. A. small B. useful C. delightful D. comforting ü解析:A ,逻辑逻辑 推理。由线线索词词but推出,这这 里应选应选 与下文big相对应对应 的small。故选选A。 • 4. (2013全国) In winter, Mr. Greenberg does not ________ like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and hurry down the street. A. act B. sound C. feel D. dress ü解析:A,上下义义复现现。由下文look at the sidewalk和 hurry down the street可知,look和 hurry属于个人的行为为表现现, 故选选A,act和 look、hurry是上下义词义词 复现现。 • 5. (2013全国)It runs in the________. Michael’s father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier. A. city B. family C. neighborhood D. company ü解析:选选B,上下义义复现现。选项选项 中family是下 文中提到Michael’s father的上义词义词 ,即上下义义 词词复现现,故选选B。 • 6. (2013江苏苏)That was why she was alone on the ________, wearing an expensive swimsuit. It had taken a massive tantrum to get her parents to buy it. They were back at the beach-house… A. beach B. bed C. floor D. ship ü解析:A ,词语词语 同现现。下文所提到的 “swimsuit”和“beach-house”与选项选项 中的 “beach”属于词语词语 同现现,故选选A。 • 7. (2013天津) His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and ________, putting others first. A. careful B. regretful C. considerate D. humorous ü解析:C,近义义复现现。与下文putting others first意义义相近的应该应该 是considerate,故选选C。 • 8. (2013山东东)When she died, I was ________, but I was also very grateful to her. A. homeless B. heartbroken C. bad-tempered D. hopeless ü解析:B 词语词语 同现现。上文提到的“die”与选项选项 中的“heartbroken”词语词语 同现现,故选选B。 • 9. (2013重庆庆) On that afternoon, as the math teacher started to introduce difficult concepts, dark clouds covered the sky, and the storm set in…Soon math time was followed by the time for (1) ________. All children naturally drew (2)________pictures on such a day. (1) A. class B. sports C. art D. tea (2) A. great B. dark C. different D. strange ü解析:前空选选C ,词语词语 复现现。下文中提到的 “drew picture”与选项选项 中的“art”属于词语词语 复现现 ,故选选C。 后空选选B ,逻辑逻辑 推理。上文中的场场景提到 “dark clouds covered the sky, and the storm set in”,在这样这样 的天气,孩子自然而然地会画出暗 淡的图图画。故选选B。 • 10. (2013山东东)I think my change started when I was at Palomar College. At first, I just wanted to get my ________ and be left alone. A. balance B. homework C. degree D. interest ü解析:C, 词语词语 同现现。由上文的场场景at Palomar College可知,我只想取得自己的学位,词语词语 同 现现。故选选C。 • 11.(2013 山东东) By the end of my first semester, I was really________ . It seemed as if everyone but me had made friends and was having fun. A. careful B. lonely C. curious D. guilty ü解析:B, 逻辑逻辑 推理。由下文可知,每个人除了 我都交上了朋友并玩得很开心,由此可推出我没 有交上朋友,可见见我是孤独的,故选选B。 • 12.(2013 天津) When Joe was about to start school,all signs pointed to success. Yet things turned out to be quite________ . A. unfair B. boring C. disappointing D. dangerous ü解析:C,逻辑逻辑 推理。由转转折词词yet推出,选项选项 中disappointing与上文success相对应对应 ,故选选C 。 • 13.(2013 湖南)When I was 8 years old,I once decided to run away from home. With my suitcase (1)____and some sandwiches in a bag, I started for the front door and said to Mom, “I’m leaving. ” “ If you want to (2) _____, that’s all right,” she said. (1) A. packed B. returned C. cleaned D. repaired (2) A. drop out B. go by C. move around D. run away ü解析: • (1) A,逻辑逻辑 推理。由语语境run away from home可知,我离家出走,肯定要 打包行李。故选选A。 • (2) B,逻辑逻辑 推理。上文提到“run away”,本空格属 于词语词语 复现现,故选选D 。 • 14. (2013 湖南)“Wait a minute,” Mom said. “I want your _______ back. You didn’t wear anything when you arrived. ” This really angered me. I tore my clothes off—shoes, socks,underwear and all. A. bag B. clothes C. sandwiches D. suitcase ü解析:B,原词词复现现。下文提到clothes,本 空格属于词语词语 复现现, 故选选 B。 • 15.(2013 湖南) I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. “ Who’s there?” I heard. “It’s Billy! Let me in! ” The voice behind the _______answered, “Billy doesn’t live here anymore. He ran away from home. ” A. house B. tree C. door D. yard ü解析:C,原词词复现现。上文提到了door有人敲 门门,接着就是门门后的人回答,本空格属于词语词语 复现现。故选选C。 • 16.(2013 天津)His hands tell the story of his life as a______,including all his struggle. On one of those hot mornings I was picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last order from the grocery. A. teacher B. gardener C. farmer D. grocer ü解析:C,逻辑逻辑 推理。由下文的场场景picking sweet corn可知,爸爸是一个农农民,故选选C。 • 17.(2013 辽辽宁).and all of a sudden she saw an amazing _________. There on the other side of the valley was a little house and its windows were golden. A. hillB. valley C. background D. sight ü解析:D ,上下义义复现现。选项选项 当中的sight是下 文提到的valley,house,windows的上义词义词 , 即是上下义词义词 复现现,故选选 D。 • 18.( 2013 四川)There, I met 14-year-old Stephanie,whose burns are a lot more serious than mine. But she is so______ that she never lets anyone put her down. A. honest B. strong C. active D. young ü解析:B , 逻辑逻辑 推理。由下文提到she never lets anyone put her down,可推出Stephanie很坚坚强 ,故选选B。 • 19.(2013 陕陕西)We ordered hamburgers and Coca Cola at the counter. When our _____came ,I started walking towards an empty table. A. food B. turn C. bill D. menu ü解析:A ,上下义义复现现。选项选项 中的food是上文 提到的hamburgers和Coca Cola的上义词义词 ,即 是上下义词义词 复现现,故选选A。 • 20.(2013 安徽)Becoming fluent in a language will take years, but learning to get by takes______. A. some risks B. a lot less C. some notes D. a lot more ü解析:B, 逻辑逻辑 推理。由转转折词词but推出,选选 项项中的a lot less与上文提到的take years相对应对应 ,故选选B。 名师 指津
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