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中学“名师讲坛” 系列讲座:如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识

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中学“名师讲坛”系列讲座如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识
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如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 英语教研组 2011年福州高级中学 名师讲坛 系列讲座 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 充分利用教材语篇材料的重要性 I 对教材的认识误区 因为 初中 有译林版 湘教版 湘教仁爱版 冀 教版等不同版本 高中 人教版 外研版 牛津版 新世纪 新概念 北师大版等不同版本 所以 教材课文教或不教 学或不学并不重要 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 充分利用教材语篇材料的重要性 II 新课程标准规定的课程性质和理念 发展学生自主学习的能力和合作精神 在 加强对学生综合语言运用能力培养的同时 注重提高学生用英语获取信息 处理信息 分析问题和解决问题的能力 以及用英语进 行思维和表达的能力 使学生的语言运用 能力进一步得到提高 国际视野更加宽广 爱国主义精神和民族使命感进一步增强 为 未来发展和终身学习奠定良好的基础 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 充分利用教材语篇材料的重要性 III 人教版教材特点 n话题范围广泛 如科技 地理 名人 医学 环 境保护 自然灾害 海洋生物和考古发现等 n内容丰富 符合学生生理和心理发展特点 如旅游 留学 文化 诗歌 戏剧 卫生 体育 健康 生活 发明与发现 科学幻想等 n学科间渗透 社会科学和自然科学同时富含跨文 化交际信息 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 充分利用教材语篇材料的重要性 III 人教版教材特点 n知识和技能训练的安排遵循学生的认知规律 如词汇强调英语释义 类比归纳 联想记忆等 语法项目的呈现相对集中但各模块不断反复 循环 有助于理解和复习 n启发学生进行探究式学习 培养学生的创新精 神和实践能力 引导学生运用观察 发现 推 测 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 记忆 内化等策略进行学习 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 句法 词法 阅读与写作等有效教学 n现状 教师教了讲了 学生不一定听了 学生听了 不一定懂了 懂了 不一定会 了 会了 不一定用了 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 句法 词法 阅读与写作等有效教学 nYou tell me but I forget it nI found it by myself and I remember it grasp it and master it nLearn by doing what I like to do 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 句法 词法 阅读与写作等有效教学 n教师应该做教材的主人 学习并把握课程的目标 基本理念 内容标准及实施建议等 并更新观 念 根据学生的兴趣 需要 心理特征和实际情 况 选择和调整教学策略 一句话 教师应从学 生和学校教学实际出发 灵活而又有创造性地使 用教材 n学生应该在教师的引导下树立主体意识 积极主 动地学习 参与各项听说读写的活动 积极思维 善于表达 努力实践和创新 培养英语学习兴 趣 磨砺意志 增强信心 与人合作 提高学习 效率 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 有效教与学 n以阅读课文为载体 引导学生运用观察 发现 推测 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 记忆 内化等策略进行语法学习 以 Module8 Unit 1 A Land of Diversity California 为例 n教师布置课文语法结构发现任务 nFind out noun clause including one predicative clause two subject clauses four object clauses nFind out six Attributive clauses nFind out three Agreements nFind out two infinitives used as AttributeFind out three ing forms used as Object Attribute and Adverb nFind out past participle used as Attributive 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 语法有效教与学 Predicative clause 表语从句 nThat is why today over 40 of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language Module 8 P2 nThe customs office is where your baggage is inspected when you enter or leave a country Module 8 P5 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 有效教与学 subject clauses nIt is likely that Native Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago M8 P2 nIt is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural groups but simply a mixture of many races and cultures M8 P3 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法 有效教与学 object clauses nExactly when the first people arrived in what we now know as California no one really knows M8 P2 nScientists believe that these settlers crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America by means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times M8 P2 nTwo centuries later The Spanish had settled in most parts of South America and along the northwest coast of what we now call the United States M8 P2 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 语法有效教与学 attributive clauses nScientists believe that these settlers crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America by means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times nSpanish soldiers first arrived in South America in the early 16th century when they fought against the native people and took their land nOf the first Spanish to go to California the majority were religious men whose ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the natives 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 语法有效教与学 attributive clauses nIn the early 1800s Russian hunters who had originally gone to Alaska began settling in California nIn 1911 immigrants from Denmark established a town of their own which today still keeps up their Danish culture nPeople from Africa have been living in California since the 1800s when they moved north from Mexico 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 语法有效教与学 Agreements 主谓一致 就近原则 nOf the first Spanish to go to California the majority were religious men whose ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the natives nThat is why today over 40 of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language nToday Chinese Americans live in all parts of California although a large percentage have chosen to stay in the Chinatown of Los Angeles and San Francisco 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有 效教与学 联想归纳Agreements 其他就近原则语境 nMore than one soldier was killed in the battle nMore than two soldiers were killed in the battle nThere is a book and two pens on the desk nThere are two pens and a book on the desk nYou or I am going to receive them this afternoon 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有 效教与学 联想归纳Agreements 其他就近原则语境 nIs either he or you to be sent there nEither he or you are to be sent there nNeither he nor I am right nNot only you but also she has to remain here waiting for them nHe didn t say whether some novels or a dictionary was wanted 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有 效教与学 infinitives used as Attribute 不定式做定语 nOf the first Spanish to go to California the majority were religious men whose ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the natives nThe nearest and therefore the first to arrive were South Americans and people from the United States 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有 效教与学联想归纳 infinitives used as Attribute nI have a meeting to attend nWe have nothing to worry about nMy cousin hired a house to live in nThe hunter isn t a man to bow before difficulties nJack is always the first one to come but the last to leave nIt s time for children to have supper nThe farmers began to think of ways to kill pets 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有效 教与学 ing forms used as Object nIn the early 1800s Russian hunters who had originally gone to Alaska began settling in California nThe dream of becoming rich quickly attracted people from all over the world nJapanese farmers began arriving in California at the beginning of the 20th century 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 语法有效教与学 ing forms used as Attribute nIt also has the distinction of being the most multicultural state in the USA having attracted people from all over the world nHowever some survived these terrible times and today there are more Native Americans living in California than in any other state nToday there are about 25 000 Russian Americans living in and around San Francisco 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行语法有 效教与学 past participle used as Attributive nIn addition many died from the diseases brought by the Europeans M8 P 2 nItaly shaped like a boot lies in the south of Europe M8 P4 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行句法有 效教与学 n以阅读课文为载体 引导学生运用观察 发现 对比 分 析 联想 归纳 理解 内化等策略进行句法学习 nHowever some survived these terrible times and today there are more Native Americans living in California than in any other state nHe is taller than any other boy in his class nHe is taller than any of the other boys in his class nHe is taller than any girl in his class nChina is larger than any other country in Asia nChina is larger than any country in Europe 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行 句法有效教与学sentence structure for emphasis n 强调句 It was the building of the rail network from the west to the east coast that brought even larger numbers to California in the 1860s nIt was in the 1860s that the building of the rail network from the west to the east coast brought even larger numbers to California nIt is the ability to do the job matters not where you come from or who you are A which B that C what D why 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行句法有 效教与学 n以阅读课文为载体 引导学生运用观察 发现 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 内化等策略进行句法学习 nIt is has been 20 years since I left my home town nIt will not be ten years before we are able to meet each other nIt was 9 o clock when the earthquake broke out nIt was at 9 o clock that the earthquake broke out nIt was in this town that the great writer was brought up nIt was not until he had finished the job that he went home nIt s This is a 79km round trip that takes in all the famous tourist spots nIt is no wonder that he failed the exam again nIt remains to be seen whether he will win the competition 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行句法有 效教与学 n以阅读课文为载体 引导学生运用观察 发现 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 内化等策略进行句法学习 nTheir miserable stay seemed to be punishment rather than justice and freedom to them nOn holidays I prefer to stay in rather than go shopping nOn weekends I would do some outings rather than play computer games 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行句法有 效教与学 n以阅读课文为载体 引导学生运用观察 发现 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 内 化等策略进行句法学习 nHowever angry No matter how angry she felt she had no choice but to stay with him M7 P67 n she had nothing to do but stay with him n she could do nothing but stay with him nWhen he left the school two years later Louis found work wherever he could and in the evenings went to listen and learn at clubs where jazz musicians played M8 P51 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行词法有 效教与学 n通过阅读句子或课文 引导学生运用观察 发现 推测 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 记忆 内化等策略进行词法学习 nCompare your answers with other groups nWe often compare children to flowers of our country nIf we compare China with any other country on the earth China has a much larger population n Compared with to any other country on the earth China has a much larger population 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行词法有 效教与学 n通过阅读课文 课后注解及参考书等 引导学生运用观察 发现 推测 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 记忆 内化等策略进行词法学习 nThe customs and languages of the immigrants live on in their new home nPicasso is dead but his paintings live on nPeople in the south live on feed on rice and fish a small income nDon t live off your parents any more nShe realized what she should do and lived the scandal down nThe patient might not live through this winter nWhat he had done lived up to his motherland nHe lives by makes a living by earns his life by fishing farming nCheer up and live it up 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行词法有 效教与学 n通过阅读句子或课文 引导学生运用观察 发现 推测 对比 分析 联想 归纳 理解 记忆 内化等策略进行词法学习 nIt didn t occur to me that there d be a big festival on at the same time as my holiday nIt occurred to me that I forgot to post my letter nIt had never occurred to him that his wife should be against him nAn excellent way to solve the problem occurred to me when I woke up this morning nThe terrible accident occurred happened at midnight 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行阅读与 写作有效教与学Module 8 Unit 1 P2 nIn the 16th century after the arrival of the Europeans the native people suffered greatly Thousands of killed or forced into slavery In addition many died from the diseases brought by the Europeans However some survived these terrible times and today there are more Native Americans living in California than in any other state 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行阅读与 写作有效教与学 Module 7 Unit 5 P38 nI was numb with shock So I went to my tutor to ask for his revision First of all he told me I couldn t write what other people had said without acknowledging them Besides as far as he was concerned what other people thought was not the most important thing He wanted to know what I thought which confused me because I thought that the author of the article knew far more than I did 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行阅读与 写作有效教与学 Module 7 Unit 5 P38 nMy tutor explained that I should read lots of different texts that contain different opinions and analyse what I read Then in my essay I should give my own opinion and explain it by referring to other authors Finally he even encouraged me to contradict the authors I d read At first I lacked confidence but now I m beginning to get the idea and my marks have improved More importantly I am now a more autonomous learners 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行阅读与 写作有效教与学 Module 8 Unit 1 P8 nFrom top of the hill I got a spectacular view of San Francisco and the city nOn the way I had a good view of the Golden Gate Bridge nWe stopped many times to admire enjoy the view of the city from different angles 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 师生如何充分有效利用教材现有语篇材料进行阅读与 写作有效教与学 Module 8 Unit 1 P51 nIn groups discuss what is the topic of each paragraph general idea nMake a time line to show the important events in Louis Armstrong s life details 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 学生如何有效利用教材语篇材料夯实英语基础知识 M8 P4 nA federal country consists of a group of states nThat is the biggest Catholic church I have ever seen nThe majority of us voted for Mr Red who then became chairman of the committee nItaly shaped like a boot lies in the south of Europe nWe draw a distinction between right and wrong nThe economic boom in recent years has created more job opportunities nNobody knows who will be elected as president or vice president of this country nTo make the crossing from Shandong to Northeast our ancestors suffered all kinds of hardships 如何利用教材语篇夯实英语基础知识 学生如何有效利用教材语篇材料夯实英语基础知识 n学生应该在教师的引导下树立主体意识 积极主动地学习 参与各项听说读写的活 动 积极思维 善于表达 努力实践和创 新 培养英语学习兴趣 磨砺意志 增强 信心 与人合作 提高学习效率
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