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高二英语上册Unit 2过去分词

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高二英语上册Unit2过去分词
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GrammarGrammar Unit 2Unit 2 The Past Participle 1 1 过去分词作定语过去分词作定语 Attribute Attribute 一颗破碎的心一颗破碎的心 丧家之犬丧家之犬 已经升起的太阳已经升起的太阳 1 1 在句中的位置在句中的位置 单个单个的过去分词作定语时 位于它所修饰的过去分词作定语时 位于它所修饰 的名词或代词的名词或代词前面前面 a a brokenbroken heartheart the risen sun the risen sun a a lostlost dogdog in the given timein the given time with the with the time giventime given a wanted person a wanted person workers wanted workers wanted a concerned look a concerned look the people concerned the people concerned 在既定的时间内在既定的时间内 用所给的时间用所给的时间 被通缉的人被通缉的人 招聘工人招聘工人 关切的神情关切的神情 有关人士有关人士 people addicted to drugs a novel written by Lu Xun the advice given to the patient an old man supported by his son a school built for orphans 过去分词过去分词短语短语作定语时 位于它所作定语时 位于它所 修饰的名词或代词修饰的名词或代词后面后面 单个过去分词修饰单个过去分词修饰 something something everything anything nothing everything anything nothing somebody nobodysomebody nobody thosethose 等等不定不定 代词代词时 也要放在这些词时 也要放在这些词后面后面 NothingNothing reported in the newspaper reported in the newspaper interested him interested him 过去分词和现在分词在做定语时的 区别 过去分词表示被动或完成 现在分词表示主动或进行 the the changingchanging world world the the changedchanged world world 正在变化的 正在变化的 变化了的 变化了的 boilingboiling water water boiledboiled water water 正在沸腾的 正在沸腾的 已经沸腾过的 已经沸腾过的 a a developingdeveloping country country a a developeddeveloped country country 发展中的发展中的 发达的 发达的 fallingfalling leaves leaves fallenfallen leaves leaves 正在飘落的树叶 落叶 退休工人 a retired worker 逃犯an escaped prisoner 被盗的汽车a stolen car Translate the following phrases 2 2 所表示的时间所表示的时间 过去分词作定语时 所表示的动作过去分词作定语时 所表示的动作 在谓语所表示的动作之前发生在谓语所表示的动作之前发生 The letter The letter postedposted yesterday will soon yesterday will soon reach him reach him Have you read the books Have you read the books writtenwritten by by the young writerthe young writer They They found found a a damageddamaged car car at at the the gate of the park gate of the park 3 3 语法功能语法功能 过去分词或过去分词短语作定语时 其功能相当于一个过去分词或过去分词短语作定语时 其功能相当于一个 定语从句 定语从句 The stolen bike belongs to Jack The stolen bike belongs to Jack The bike The bike which which hashas been stolen been stolen belongs to Jack belongs to Jack The lecture given by Professor Zhang The lecture given by Professor Zhang is about environment protection is about environment protection The lecture The lecture which was given by which was given by Professor ZhangProfessor Zhang is about the is about the environment protection environment protection I know the people I know the people buildingbuilding the the house there house there 主动 进行 主动 进行 The house The house being builtbeing built over there over there is a shop is a shop 被动 正在建被动 正在建 The house The house built built over there is a over there is a shop shop 被动 已建好 被动 已建好 2 2 过去分词作表语过去分词作表语 Predicative Predicative 1 1 过去分词作表语时 多表示主语所处的状态过去分词作表语时 多表示主语所处的状态 The door The door remainedremained locked locked She lookedShe looked disappointeddisappointed He seemed quite He seemed quite delighteddelighted at the at the good news good news 常见作表语的过去分词有常见作表语的过去分词有 disappointed drunk disappointed drunk amused frightened married excited experienced amused frightened married excited experienced interested confused pleased puzzled satisfied tired interested confused pleased puzzled satisfied tired worriedworried等 等 Cleaning women in big cities Cleaning women in big cities usually get by the hour usually get by the hour A pay B paying A pay B paying C paid D to pay C paid D to pay C C 解析 该题考查分词作表语的用法 to pay sb by the hour 计时给某人报酬 此题被动 结构作表语 类似的有 get burnt get hurt get wounded ing作表语与 ed作表语的区别 The resultThe result of the test is of the test is disappointing disappointing I I feel feel disappointeddisappointed in the result of the in the result of the testtest The storyThe story is very is very interestinginteresting HeHe is is interestedinterested in the book in the book What a What a surprisingsurprising resultresult I I am am surprisedsurprised at what he said at what he said Let s practice right now Complete the sentences using the right form of the Complete the sentences using the right form of the given verb given verb 1 1 I had nothing to do I was bore and I had nothing to do I was bore and lonely lonely 2 2 Jack looked even more amaze than he Jack looked even more amaze than he felt felt 3 3 The results were very disappoint The results were very disappoint 4 4 I was thanked by the satisfy I was thanked by the satisfy customer customer 5 5 The girl dress in red is my The girl dress in red is my daughter daughter 6 6 Last Monday our class went on an Last Monday our class went on an organise trip organise trip boredbored amazedamazed disappointingdisappointing satisfiedsatisfied dresseddressed organisedorganised 1 in the traffic accident taken to 1 in the traffic accident taken to hospital hospital A An injured was B The injured hasA An injured was B The injured has C The injuring were D The injured have beenC The injuring were D The injured have been 2 The look on the girl s face suggested 2 The look on the girl s face suggested that she such bad news that she such bad news B surprised should expect B surprised should expect A surprising would expect A surprising would expect C surprising shouldn t have been expected C surprising shouldn t have been expected D surprised hadn t expectedD surprised hadn t expected 3 3 The girl forward to buying a The girl forward to buying a new gold watch new gold watch A referred to look A referred to look B referred to lookingB referred to looking C referred to looks C referred to looks D referring to looksD referring to looks 4 4 It s a pay dayIt s a pay day and they are and they are waiting waiting A A pay pay B paying B paying C paid C paid D to be paidD to be paid 5 5 The first textbooks for teaching The first textbooks for teaching English as a foreign language came out in English as a foreign language came out in the 16the 16th th century century A having written B to be written A having written B to be written C being written D writtenC being written D written 6 6 You ll find the word You ll find the word psychology under P in your psychology under P in your dictionary dictionary A have listed B list C listed A have listed B list C listed D listingD listing 7 7 From the date on the gold coin we From the date on the gold coin we decided that it was made five hundred years decided that it was made five hundred years ago ago A marking B marked A marking B marked C to be marked D having been markedC to be marked D having been marked 8 8 Experts think that we need to eat meat Experts think that we need to eat meat because it contains vitamins and minerals because it contains vitamins and minerals in vegetables in vegetables A not finding B not to be found A not finding B not to be found C not found D which is not foundC not found D which is not found 9 She felt rather9 She felt rather that she shouldn t drive the car at that she shouldn t drive the car at such a such a speed speed A frightening frightening B frightened frightened A frightening frightening B frightened frightened C frightening frightened D frightened frightening C frightening frightened D frightened frightening 10 The Olympic Games The Olympic Games in 776 B C did not in 776 B C did not include women players until 1912 include women players until 1912 A first playing B to be first played A first playing B to be first played C first played D to be first playingC first played D to be first playing 2 Do you know the name of the play in the hall now A to be put on B being put on C put on D putting on C B A A4 Please don t forget him He is one of A those invited B invited those C those inviting D inviting those 3 I borrowed a book by Mark Twain from the library last week I like it very much A written B writing C was written D to write 1 Did you attend the meeting yesterday A to be held B having been held C held D being held 2 As soon as he entered the city he A was losing B got losing C grew lost D got lost C D C3 What he has done is really Now his parents are him A disappointing disappointed at B disappointing disappointed about C disappointing disappointed with D disappointed disappointing by 1 The rooms are so you can t move in A painted B painting C being painted D to be painted Homework Read the language points carefully and try to remember some of them clearly Finish all the exercises of this unit in your SWSJ
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