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高二英语上学期Unit5grammar

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英语 学期 Unit5grammar
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主语从句主语从句 The Subject ClauseThe Subject Clause 宾语从句宾语从句 The Object Clause The Object Clause 表语从句表语从句 The Predicative Clause The Predicative Clause 同位语从句同位语从句 The Appositive Clause The Appositive Clause 引导名词性从句的连接词 1 连词连词 that whether if 不充当从句的 任何成分 2 连接代词连接代词 what whatever who whoever whom whose which 不仅 起到连接一个句子的作用 同时也是 从句的一个组成部分 3 连接副词连接副词 when where how why 主语从句在句中做 宾语从句在句中做 表语从句在句中做 同位语从句在句中 主语宾语 表语同位语 1 That he will come is certain 2 I know that he will come 3 The truth is that I have been there 4 The fact that she was late surprised us 主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 被修饰词有 fact news hope opinion order question problem belief truth theory decision discovery conclusion promise rumor fear thought suggestion plan idea 同位语从句 同位语从句说 明它们的内容 连接词that引导的同位语从句 that在从句中不充当成分 只起连接作用 He told me the news that he would come home from aboard soon 他告诉我一个消息 他马上要从国外回国 只用whether 引导 不用if 连接词whether 引导的同位语从句 whether 他是否应该加入这个团队的问题还没有定下来 The question he should join the team has not been decided 连接词代词what which who 引导的同位语从句 1 谁会出国这个问题还未决定 2 我不知道该选哪个 1 The question should go abroad hasn t been decided yet 2 I have no idea one I should choose which who 定语 主 在从句中充当成分 连接词副词when where why how 引导的同位语从句 1 我了解他们为什么离开得那么早 2 我们还没决定好去哪儿 1 I ve got a good idea they left early 2 The question we should go has not been decided why where Summary 1 The fact that deeds are better than words is quite clear The question how I did it is hard to answer 1 They had no idea where they should go to find some food 2 The question whether he comes or not is not important A thought came to mecame to me that he might be in the library 事实胜于雄辨事实胜于雄辨这一道理非常清楚这一道理非常清楚 我怎么做的我怎么做的这一问题难回答这一问题难回答 他们根本不知他们根本不知去哪儿找食物去哪儿找食物 他是否来他是否来这个问题不重要这个问题不重要 我突然想到我突然想到他可能在图书馆他可能在图书馆 被别的词隔开被别的词隔开 that 无词义 if if The doctor whom you are looking for is in the room 定语从句 We are not looking into the question whether he is worth trusting 同位语从句 I don t want to help him whose bedroom is very dirty 定语从句 He told me the news that Linda has gone to Beijing 同位语从句 比较比较1 1 同位语从句前面的名次只能是 idea new hope belief suggestion proposal word thought doubt truth possibility promise order 等有一定内涵的名词 定语 从句的先行词可以是名词 代词 或主句的一部分 结论 The news that our team has won the game was true 同位语从句 The news that he told me yesterday was true 定语从句 I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich 同位语从句 My mother made a promise that pleased all the children 定语从句 比较比较2 2 定语从句是从句对其先行词的修饰或限制 属于形容词性 从句的范畴 而定语从句是从句对前面抽象名词的进一步 说明和解释 属于名词性从句的范畴 结论 The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday The order that we received yesterday was the we should send a few people to help the other groups 同位语从句 定语从句 比较比较3 3 引导词that 引导定语从句时 在从句中一般做主语或宾语 指物时还可以用which代替 并且做宾语时常常省略 That在同位语从句中仅起连接作用 不充当任何成分 不 能省略 也不能用which来代替 结论 总结 1 The news that there are no lives on the moon is known to us all 2 The news that you heard is not true 3 Have you any idea who he went with 4 Is there any hope that they will be home in time 5 The problem that you referred to doesn t exist at all 同位语从句同位语从句 定语从句定语从句 同位语从句同位语从句 同位语从句同位语从句 定语从句定语从句
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