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高二英语下册unit 2 grammar课件

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高二英语下册unit2grammar课件
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It is to talk about something that happened in the past and is finished now It is to talk about something that happened in the past and continued for some time The past perfect tense is often used with the simple past tense If one action happens before another in the past the past perfect tense is used present past The past perfect tense shows us 过去的过去 The past perfect tense used in reported speech Present Past We emptied the tomb of everything it contained said Carter Carter said that they had emptied the tomb of everything it contained They emptied the tomb of everything it contained Carter said that they had emptied the tomb The use of the past perfect tense simply indicates that an action comes before another past action happen before I had done my homework this morning before I went to the museum used with time expressions such as when after before as soon as until by for and already Carter opened King Tutankhamun s tomb Then a few months after Carter had opened the tomb Lord Carnarvon fell ill with a fever and died Lord Carnarvon died PastPresent will shall do be going to do be about to do do does be doing be to do HOW to express the simple future tense I The simple future FORMFORMUSAGEUSAGE will shall do 表示将来发生的动作或出现的状态 shall仅与第一人称连用 be going to do 表示主语计划打算的行动 或看来就要发生的事情 be doing 表示计划或安排好的动作 go come leave begin 等动词 be to do表示客观上计划或安排好的动作 be about to do 表示即将发生的动作 一般不带时间副词或短语 do 表示与安排 计划或时刻表有关的动作 或用于if when等状语从句中代替will do China will be holding the Olympic Games in 2008 You will be attending the college Entrance Examination from July 7 to 10 in 2008 Guess what the tense is II Future continuous tense I have an English class tomorrow morning I have an English class at 8 20 tomorrow morning will be having will have Talk about something that will be in progress at a certain time or over a period of time in the future 讨论将来某个时间点或时间段正在进行的 动作 Toby will not be in London next Tuesday He will be climbing in the Himalayas Toby will be climbing in the Himalayas all next week Express future without intention When it is used in this way we want to indicate that something will happen naturally It doesn t imply that the speaker has arranged the action 表示不包含说话者主观意愿的纯粹将来 使用这种方式 我们想表达某件事 会很自然地发生 说话者并不参与 安排或计划 Tom won t cut the grass Tom refuses to cut the grass Tom won t be cutting the grass The sentence is only a statement of fact giving no information about Tom s intention Perhaps Tom is away or ill or will be doing some other job Summary The simple future tense expresses a future action with intention while the future continuous tense expresses a future action as a statement of fact Make polite enquiries about other people s future plans 委婉地询问对方的未来计划 比用will do听起来更有礼貌 What will you be doing tomorrow Will you be working all day Will you be using your dictionary When will you be shopping at the supermarket 1 A Will you be using your bicycle this evening B No So you want to borrow it A Yes When can I get it B After I go to heaven 2 A Will you be passing the post office when you re out B Probably Why A I need some stamps Could you get me some B Sure Money please A How much do you want B The more the better III The future in the past The usage of the future in the past is to talk about an event which was in the future at the time when it was discussed eg Before she came here she said that she was going to beat all the others in the game 用所给动词的适当的过去时或将来时的形式填充 1 Let s keep to the point or we never reach any decisions 2 I don t think Jim saw me he just start into space 3 George and Lucy got married last week Did you go to their wedding No I invite Did they have a big wedding 4 His wife hope to catch the first train but she was too late 5 I catch in the heavy rain on the way to the cinema will reach wasstarting hadn tbeeninvited hoped was caught 6 What you do at this time tomorrow 7 What he had said at the meeting prove true 8 Did you see Tom at the party No He leave by the time I arrived willbe doing proved hadleft
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