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高二英语下学期unit 19 grammar

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高二英语下学期unit19grammar
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The Attributive Clause The man who lives next to us sells vegetables 先行词 放置于名词之 修饰名词的从句 关系词 连接作用1 2 在从句中充当成分 后 关系词 1 关系代词 2 关系副词 1 指人 2 指物 3 指某一情况 thatwho whomwhose thatwhichwhose whichas 不能放于句首 放于句中或句首 正如 whenwhere why 主语 宾语 状语 1 Who 人 主语 2 What was the name of the man lent you the money 3 He laughs last laughs best 4 The chairman of the meeting spoke first sat on my right 5 2 Whom 人 宾语 6 There are some people we like and others we dislike 7 Mr Canter I spoke to on the phone last night is very interesting our plan 8 Two men I had never seen before came into my office 9 3 Whose 人 物 的 作定语 n 10 There are some people faces you can never forget 11 I saw some trees leaves were black because of the polluted air who who who who whomwho whom whom neither of whom whose whose 4 Which 物 主语 宾语 省略 English is a language is easy to learn The children like cookies my wife makes He got the first place in the test made his parents happy 5 That 人 物 主语 宾语 省略 He is the man lives next door I don t like stories have unhappy endings Is there anything I can do for you 6 As 1 跟在由such so the same 修饰的先行词之后 2 Such men heard him were deeply moved 3 2 在非限制定语从句中 指代整个句子 放在句首 或句后 4 everyone knows Taiwan belongs to China that that that which which which as As 1 The earth is round is known to all 2 is known to all the earth is round which as As as 具有 正如 之意 搭配的动词一般是固定的 如 as you know as you see as we planned as we expected 1 I know the reason he came late 2 Do you know the woman son went to college last year 3 The house color is red is john s 4 This is the best film I ve ever seen whose that whose why 用who whom which that whose when where and why填空 5 That s the town he worked in 1987 6 I have 2 brothers are both soldiers 7 Next week you ll spend in your hometown is coming 8 I ve tried 2 pairs of shoes neither of fits me well where who which which 11 Tell me the reason you were late for class 12 Who is the girl is speaking there 13 This is Mr Smith has something interesting to tell you 14 The computer CPU doesn t work has to be repaired why that who whose 15 This kind of computer is well known is out of date 16 This is just the place I ve been longing to visit for years 17 His mother is an engineer makes him very proud 18 The old man has 4 sons three of are doctors which that which whom 介词 关系代词 引导的定语从句 1 He is a man of rich experience much can be learned from He is a man of rich experience much can be learned 1 2 The school he once worked in is a key school 2 The school he once worked is a key school 3 This is the famous singer we have often talked 4 Fortunately we had a map we would have got lost 5 Please pass me the book the cover is blue 6 She s got three lucky pens two she never uses 7 In the basket I find many apples some have gone bad 8 There are fifth students in our class 30 are from big cities 9 提示 含有介词的短语动词 look for look after take care of 等 一般不分 开 放在动词后 10 This is the very book for which I m looking 11 This is the very book which I m looking for whom from whom which that in which about whom without which of which two of which some of which 30 of whom 1 Do you like the book she spent 10 2 Do you like the book she paid 10 3 Do you like the book she learned a lot 4 Do you like the book she often talks 5 He built a telescope he could study the skies 6 There is a tall tree outside stands our teacher 7 China has a lot of rivers the second longest is the Yellow River 8 The tower people can have a good view is on the hill 9 The man I spoke on the phone last night is very good at wrestling 10 He paid the boy 10 for washing ten windows most hadn t been cleaned for at least a year on which for which from which about which through which under which of which from which to whom of which 练习 介词 关系代词的使用 介词的选择 根据动词与介词的搭配 关系副词引导的定语从句 When 时间 during at on which Where 地点 in at which Why 原因 for which I still remember the day I first came to this school He came at a time we needed him most I recently went back to the town I was born What s the name of the place you spent your holiday Please tell me the reason you missed the plane The reason he was punished is unknown to us when when where where why why 1 I ll never forget the days we worked together 2 I ll never forget the days we spent together 3 I went to the place I worked ten years ago 4 I went to the place I visited ten years ago 5 This is the reason he was late 6 This is the reason he gave when in which which where in which which why for which that which 及物动词 及物动词 及物动词 关系代词 which that 和 关系副词 when where why 的选择 根据关系词在定语从句中所担当的句子成分来决定 Notice Notice 当关系代词做主语时 谓语动词应当与先行词的人称 和数一致 1 Those who to go to the cinema must be at the school gate by 3 30 p m want 2 He who the great wall is not a true man not reach 3 She is the only one of the girls who been to Beijing have 4 He is one of the boys who seen the film have want doesn t reach has have the only one of the very one of the right one of V单 that and which 的区别 Complete the following sentences with that or which 1 This is the 2nd article I have written in English 2 It is the best film he has ever seen 3 This is the very book I want to read 4 All they told me surprised me 5 They talked about the teachers and schools they had visited that that that that that 9 He paid the boy 10 for washing the windows most of hadn t been cleaned at least a year 10 The weather turned out to be very good was more than we could expect 11 The clever boy made a hole in the wall through he could see what was going on inside the house which which which 1 当先行词是不定代词时 如 all few little much every something anything everything 等或者被every any all some no little few much 修饰 时 只能用 that 做关系代词的情况 2 当先行词被the only the very the same little few no any等修饰时 3 当先行词既有指人 又有指物的名词时 4 当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时 1 在非限制性定语从句中 只能用which 做关系代词的情况 2 在介词后面 非限制性定语从句和单句的比较 2 He failed in the exam made his parents angry 3 He failed in the exam made his parents angry 4 He has two sons Both of are teachers 5 He has two sons both of are teachers This which whom them 1 I am reading Harry Porter is an interesting book which 定语从句中的that 充当句子成分 主语或宾语 同位语从句中的that 只起连接作用 无意义 The doctor whom you are looking for is in the room 定语从句 名词the doctor作先行词 Our team has won the game which makes us very happy 定语从句 which代表前面提到的整个句子 His mother did all she could to help him with his study 定语从句 代词all作先行词 定语从句和同位语从句的区别 The news that our team has won the game is true 同位语从句 补充说明news的内容 The news that he told me yesterday is true 定语从句 that 从句作定语修饰news I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich 同位语从句 补充说明promise The mother made a promise that pleased all her children 定语从句 that从句作定语修饰promise 从引导词及其在句子中的成份上区别有些引导词 如how whether what可以引导同位语从句 但不能 引导定语从句 如 That question whether we need it has not been considered 我们是否需要它这个问题还没有考虑 同位语从句 I have no idea what has happened to him 我不知道他发生了什么事 同位语从句 The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday 同位语从句 是对order的具体解释 that虽不作成份 但不能省略 The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups 定语从句 是名词order的修饰语 that在从句中作received的宾语 可以省略 1 强调句型的句式结构为 It is was 被强调部 分 that who从句 2 在强调时间 地点 原因或方式状语时 一律 用that 而不用when why或how 3 在强调主语和宾语时 如果主语和宾语指代人 则可用who和whom来代替that 但是从句中的人称和数要与被强调的主语和宾语 保持一致 这些都容易与定语从句混淆 定语从句与强调句的区别 定语从句和强调句型的判断方法 若将句中的 It is was 和 that who 去掉 而句子不缺成分 结构完整 说明原句是强调句型 若句子结构不完整 则说明原句为定语从句 1 It is novels that she enjoys reading 2 It is in the school that we became friends 3 It is the school we became friends 4 It was in the lab was set up last year they finished the experiment 5 It was the students came from our school won the first prize in the contest that that who that where
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