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高二英语下学期unit 19 reading

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高二英语下学期unit19reading
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Unit 19 The Merchant of Venice 2 The Merchant of Venice The author and the play The play Exercises about the play Language points Homework William Shakespeare 1564 1616 is one of the most remarkable playwrights and poets the world has ever known with his 37 plays 154 sonnets and 2 long poems he has established his giant position in world literature He has also been given the highest praises by various scholars and critics the world over In the past four hundred years or so books and essays on Shakespeare and his works have kept coming out in large quantities As a playwright he wrote tragedies comedies and historical plays and as a poet he wrote narrative poems and sonnets His four tragedies Hamlet Othello King Lear Macbeth 麦克白 comedies Romeo and Juliet All s well That Ends 终成眷属 Measure for Measure 一 报还一报 Talk about Shakepear s palys Match the people in Column A with the instructions in Column B 1 Antonio A the Magnifico 2 Shylock B a merchant 3 Bassanio C Antonio s friend 4 Portia D a moneylender 5 Duke E Bassanio s wife Can you tell me whether it is a tragedy or a comedy Why A comedy Because it has a happy ending The text mainly talks about A Antonio s charities 善行 and Shylock s cruelty B Portia s cleverness and Antonio s charities C Shylock s cruelty and Portia s cleverness D the three colorful characters of Antonio Portia and Shylock D The traditional theme of the play is to praise the friendship between Antonio and Bassanio to idealize Portia as a heroine of great beauty wit and loyalty and to expose the greed and cruelty of Shylock The Merchant of Venice True or False 1 Shylock was a moneylender who was cruel and hated Antonio sometimes 2 Antonio was a merchant of Venice who was liked by everyone because he never refused to help others 3 Shylock refused to have mercy on Antonio because he had done nothing wrong and feared no judgement 4 Portia was really glad to hear that Bassanio loved Antonio more than his own life and his wife 5 Shylock loved money more than his own life F T T F F 6 When Portia said to Shylock you shall get justice more than you wanted It means Shylock can not only get justice but also three times the money he had lent to Antonio F 8 Shylock went down on one knee and begged the Duke for mercy F 7 Shylock intended to kill Antonio by cutting off a pound of flesh nearest Antonio s heart T Listening Choose the best answers 1 What kind of person was Antonio A He was a kind person B He was a brave person C He was a rich man but he loved friendship more than money D All of the above 2 How do you like the character Shylock A He was a greedy man but he was kind to his daughter B He was greedy but sometimes he was kind C He was only one miniature 缩版 of the capitalist society D He was kind to his daughter but was cruel to his son in law D C 3 Antonio was a merchant of Venice who was liked by everyone because A he was always happy to give others advice B he was always ready to lend money to others C he never refused to help others A 4 Why did Portia take the side of Shylock at first A Because she wanted to help Shylock B Because she wanted to make Shylock believe she was a fair judge and listen to her C Because she was afraid of Shylock who was greedy and cruel D Because she wanted to persuade Shylock to have mercy on Antonio B 5 Shylock refused to have mercy on Antonio because A he hated Antonio and intended to kill him B he had done nothing wrong and feared no judgement C he trusted the laws of Venice and refused to change his mind 6 Antonio was a an person A warm hearted B strong willed C open minded D hot tempered C A 7 What kind of person was Shylock He was A greedy and hypocritical 虚伪 B hypocritical and cruel C cruel and lazy D greedy and cruel 8 Shylock lent Antonio three thousand ducats on condition that A Antonio would return the money within three months B Antonio would return the money with a pound of flesh C Antonio would let Shylock have a pound of his flesh if he failed to repay the money in time D C 9 Which happened last in Part 1 A Shylock insisted on having one pound of Antonio s flesh B Portia declared that the law allowed Shylock to take Antonio s flesh C Antonio said his last words to Bassanio D Portia warned Bassanio of the impossibility of changing the law B 10 Shylock was accused of having committed the crime of A murder B theft C deception 诈骗 D bribery 行贿 11 To punish a murderer the law of Venice would A take his property away B sentence him to imprisonment C sentence him to death D take his property away and sentence him to death A D 12 Which happened first in the text A Shylock wanted to take the money instead of Antonio s flesh B Shylock was about to cut flesh from Antonio s body C Shylock promised to leave his money to his daughter and son in law D Antonio forgave Shylock s misbehavior B What was the result of the trial Shylock has to give half of his money to the city of Venice and leave the other half of his money upon his death to his daughter and her husband Then Antonio was saved It can be inferred that A Shylock was very greedy and cruel B Antonio was very kind and brave C Portia was very brave and clever D it was wisdom that saved Antonio D 2 It seems that the Duke at the court supposed A Portia B Antonio C Shylock D none of them B Fill in the following passage with the proper words Bassanio fell in love with Portia but he could not ask her to him because he was poor His best friend Antonio a of Venice was to help him but he had no money just then Antonio went to ask Shylock a for help Having been scolded by Antonio for being cruel and Shylock hated him However he agreed to lend him the money on that Antonio would him to take a pound of his flesh if he could not repay him within three months With the money Antonio had from Shylock Bassanio married Portia but unfortunately Antonio lost all his ships at He would have to give Shylock a pound of his Hearing the Bassanio went to his friend right away At the the Duke tried hard to persuade Shylock to have on Antonio but Shylock on having a pound of his flesh Even Bassanio would pay him double the money Antonio had borrowed Shylock wouldn t his mind While the Duke was what to do a young arrived who was to be a famous lawyer It was Portia After he entered the room she took her seat as She knew how to deal with this case marry merchant willing moneylender greedy conditionallow borrowed sea fleshnews court mercyinsisted if change wonderingman pretending judge troublesome When Shylock refused to give up his demand for a pound of flesh from Antonio Portia said that he might use his knife to do the Shylock towards Antonio with his but the young judge suddenly said to the moneylender that he was not allowed to let any of Antonio s blood If he did so he would all his land and money Shylock dropped his knife and asked the money Bassanio had Full of Bassanio wanted to hand over the money to Shylock but Portia stopped him and on Shylock cutting off one pound of flesh from Antonio s body no more no without a drop of blood Shylock wanted to leave the The wise judge declared that to the law if anyone tried to kill a of Venice everything he owned should be taken away from him Shylock said that he would rather if all his money and goods were away Finally Antonio gave his part of Shylock s money on condition that Shylock should leave the money to his own daughter and her husband his death The and cruel moneylender had to agree This was the end of the trial deed advancedknife drop falllose for offeredjoy insisted less courtaccording citizen die taken up upon greedy Language Points 1 shall 1 助动词 用于第一人称 表示 将 2 情态动词 用于第二 第三人称 表示 警告 允诺 命令 决心 强制等 We shall start for Beijing tomorrow You shall have a nice present for your birthday You shall be sorry for what you have done I tell you future use promise warning When he comes nobody shall say a word 我保证你不久就会见到他们 你回为这件事吃苦头 如果你工作得好 你就可以得到教高的工资 order I promise you shall see them again before long You shall suffer for this You shall have higher pay if you work well 2 at the mercy of 任由 摆布 在 的掌握 支配 中 狗的生命掌握在它的主人手中 刚才被抓住的那只老鼠现在由它的残忍的敌人 猫任意摆布 这可怜的孩子在狠毒的地主的控制下 The dog s life was at the mercy of its master The mouse caught just now was at the mercy of the cat his cruel enemy The poor boy was at the mercy of the cruel landlord 船只遇上暴风雨 在波浪中随波漂流 13 go down one s knees 跪下 小偷跪在警察面前 在敌人面前决不能屈膝 父亲趴在地上让儿子骑在他的背上 The ship met a storm and was at the mercy of the waves The thief went down on his knees before the policeman Never go down on one s knees before enemy Father went down on his hands and knees and let his son ride on his back 1 Retell the story 2 Finish some related exercises In workbook 3 Preview The King of Stonehenge in Unit 20 Try to retell the story Preference phrases at sea be in love with marry sb scold sb for sth on condition that make a promise dress like as have mercy on sb Let s remember A friend is better than an enemy
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