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高二英语下学期Unit 19a

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高二英语下学期Unit19a
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Unit 19 The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of VeniceThe Merchant of Venice Warming up 1564 1616 William Shakespeare 1564 1616 William Shakespeare 威廉 莎士比亚 William Shakespeare 1954年4月生于英格兰特拉福德镇 Stratford Upon Avon 父亲叫约翰 莎士比亚 John Shakespeare 是个手 套商人 莎士比亚的父亲在他出生时非 常富有 但是后来被控卷入黑市羊毛交 易 而家道中落 并失去了市议员的位 置 1596年 莎士比亚唯一的儿子Hamnet死 亡 于1596年8月11日安葬 很多人相信 莎士比亚的名剧 哈姆雷特 Hamlet 就是为了纪念他的儿子的 1597年 莎士比亚把他在特拉福德镇的 一栋家宅 两间畜舍 两个花园 两 个果园 和其他所有东西 以60英镑的 价格售出 到伦敦 成了一名著名的演 员和作家 他最后还成为一家剧团的合伙人 张 伯伦勋爵剧团 The Lord Chamberlain s Men 是以资助它的贵 族的名字命名的 该剧团十分受到欢迎 以至于当伊丽莎白一世去世后 詹姆 士一世赞助了它 剧团更名为国王剧团 他得以在伦敦的富人区买了一栋房子 还在家乡特拉福德镇拥有一座最大的 住宅 1609年莎士比亚发表了他的十四行诗 其中很多是写给一个神秘的女人 Dark Lady 和一个男人 Fair Lord 的 他大约在1611年退休 从 此之后就再也没有发表其他作品了 直 到1616年去世 巧合的是 他与同时代 的另一个西班牙大文豪塞万提斯死在同 一天 中国著名剧作家汤显祖也于同一 年去世 Tragedies o罗密欧与朱丽叶 Romeo and Juliet o麦克白 Macbeth o李尔王 King Lear o哈姆雷特 Hamlet o奥赛罗 Othello o考利欧雷诺斯 Coriolanus o脱爱勒斯与克来西达 Troilus and Cressida 雅典的泰蒙 Timon of Athens 诗 Comedies o错中错 The Comedy of Errors o皆大欢喜 All s Well That Ends Well o如愿 As You Like It o仲夏夜梦 A Midsummer Night s Dream o无事生非 Much Ado About Nothing o一报还一报 Measure for Measure o第十二夜 Twelfth Night or What You Will o威尼斯商人 The Merchant of Venice o空爱一场 Love s Labor s Lost o冬天的故事 The Winter s Tale histories o亨利四世 第一卷 Henry IV part 1 o亨利四世 第二卷 Henry IV part 2 o亨利五世 Henry V o亨利六世 第一卷 Henry VI part 1 o亨利六世 第二卷 Henry VI part 2 o亨利六世 第三卷 Henry VI part 3 o亨利八世 Henry VIII o约翰国王 King John o理查德二世 Richard II o理查德三世 Richard III poetry 十四行诗 The Sonnets o爱人的怨诉 A Lover s Complaint o鲁克丽丝失贞记 The Rape of Lucrece o维纳斯和阿多尼斯 Venus and Adonis o热情的朝圣者 The Passionate Pilgrim o凤凰和斑鸠 The Phoenix and the Turtle Hamlet To be or not to be that is the question It is a question whether to live on in this world or to die that is to take action or to do nothing To be or not to be that is the question Meaning Is it possible or not Is he alive or not King Henry IV Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown A person who has great responsibilities such as a king is constantly worried and therefore doesn t sleep soundly Meaning The life of leaders isn t easy Having many responsibilities leaders often can t sleep well Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown Neither a borrower nor a lender be Meaning be careful to take or give money to others You d better be careful Romeo Juliet Romeo Romeo why are you Romeo Deny your father and refuse your name Why must you be the son of my family s greatest enemy Refuse your family for my love Romeo why are you Romeo Deny your father and refuse your name Meaning if only you had a different name we would not have this problem and would be together forever Troilus Cressida Words words only words no matter from the heart Empty words not real thoughts or ideas from the heart Meaning it s all empty words and there isn t any truth in them You just talk but you don t mean it Words words only words no matter from the heart Listening ShylockShylock BassanioBassanio PoPor rtiatia AntonioAntonio Questions 1 In which city does the play take place 2 How much time passes between the beginning of the play and the end 3 How much money does Bassanio need to marry Portia 4 What must Antonio give Shylock if he can t pay back the debt Questions 1 In which city does the play take place 2 How much time passes between the beginning of the play and the end Venice Three months 3 How much money does Bassanio need to marry Portia 4 What must Antonio give Shylock if he can t pay back the debt Three thousand ducats A pound of flesh 1 Antonio 2 Shylock 3 Bassanio 4 Portia 5 Duke a the judge b the moneylender c the merchant of Venice d Antonio s friend e Bassanio s wife Task 1 Match the two columns Portia Shylock Bassanio Antonio Antonio Bassanio Duke Shylock Portia the moneylender Bassanio s wife Antonio s friend the merchant of Venice What is their relation to the other characters in the play the judge Shylock a cruel businessman lends Antonio 3000 ducats Portia a rich and beautiful woman to marry Bassanio also acts as the lawyer Antonio A kind merchant of Venice borrows 3000 ducats from Shylock for Bassanio Bassanio Antonio s best friend gets married with Portia with the money borrowed from Shylock The duke President of Venice head of the court The Merchant of Venice Antonio is a rich businessman of the city of Venice Everyone likes him because he is always ready to help others At the time of this story his ships are all at sea to trade with foreign countries Bassanio Antonio s best friends is in love with Portia Portia is a rich and beautiful lady She loves Bassanio but they cannot get married because he is too poor Then Bassanio asks Antonio to lend him three thousand ducats Being short of money just then Antonio goes to Shylock to borrow the money Shylock has always hated Antonio because Antonio has often in public shown how cruel and terrible Shylock is Shylock agrees to lend Antonio the money but Antonio must promise to allow Shylock to take a pound of flesh from any part of his body if he cannot pay the money back after three months Antonio agrees to this takes the money and gives it to Bassanio On the day Bassanio and Portia get married they receive a letter from Antonio saying that all his ships have been lost at sea Now he himself does not have enough money to pay back the three thousand ducats and so he must give Shylock one pound of his flesh Portia thinks of a clever plan to save Antonio she asks a good friend who is a doctor of law to lend her some of his lawyer s clothes and books Dressed as a lawyer she arrives at the court of the Duke where Antonio case is decided As the Duke is wondering what to do Portia gives him a letter from the famous lawyer whom she has visited In the letter it says that Portia is a learned young doctor from Rome who is young but very wise The Duke accepts Portia to take the place of the famous lawyer and handle this difficult case Free talk As we know Antonio didn t have money at that time but he still borrowed money from Shylock he hated for Bassanio If you were Antonio what would you do Speaking What makes a play a masterpiece is that the ideas behind the play are about problems which are still important to people of different ages in modern times speaking Shylock Duke vengeful merciful Create a chance to kill Antonio He used the chance Has a chance to punish Shylock He forgave him Mercy VS revenge It happens everywhere around the world two young people love each other but when the boy is poor or doesn t have a good job often the parents of the girl don t allow them to get married VS Love VS Money Correct me if I m wrong but You shouldn t forget that What shouldn t be forgotten is One of the most important facts is You could for example say The way I would go about it As far as I know After all Useful expressions What would you do if you had your worst enemy in your power Discussion Maybe you even know some examples in your hometown Are the parents right If not what do you think about the situation like that What should be done Discussion Further discussion We all know the story of Romeo Juliet in the play the lovers didn t have a happy ending because of revenge If you were Juliet s father in order to let your daughter live a happy life do you want to give up the revenge Do you want to have mercy on Romeo After you forgive Romeo there is another man who loves Juliet very much What s more he is richer than Romeo but Juliet doesn t love him will you marry your daughter to him instead of Romeo To err is human to forgive divine 人皆犯错 你能原谅别人 你就是圣人 Pope All the splendors in the world is not worth a good friend 人世间所有的荣华富贵不如一个好朋友 Voltaire Creditors have better memories than debtors 放债的比借债的记忆好 Benjamin Franklin Dirty money will not bring good luck 不义之财不会带来好运气 The course of true love never did run smooth 通向真爱的路从无坦途 Shakespeare Love is the only sane and satisfactory answer to the problem of human existence 爱是对人类之存在这一问题唯一明确而又令人满意的答案 The ideals which have lighted my way and time after time have given me new courage to face life cheerfully have been kindness beauty andtruth 有些理想曾为我们引过道路 并不断给我新的勇气以欣然面对人生 那些理 想就是 真 善 美 Albert Einstein 1 Retell listen to the listening material again after class then retell it with your own words 2 Review Direct and Indirect Speech Homework
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