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大学英语四级考试听力讲解课件_1

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大学 英语四 考试 听力 讲解 课件 _1
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单击此处编辑母版标题样式 单击此处编辑母版副标题样式 1 大学英语四级考试 听力部分 技巧与方法 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v1 四级考试题型 v2 四级考试对话部分考点透视 v3 四级考试短文听力部分 v4 听力应试综合指导 v5 各部分详细解题方法说明 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 四级考试新题型 测试内容测试题 型分值比例 听力对话短对话选择8 长对话选择7 听力短文短文理解选择10 短文听写听写10 1 四级考试题型 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 2 四级考试对话部分考点透视 对话题的题型分析 听力对话按题型分类 听力对话按听力内容的表达方式分类 按答案的摄取方式分类 对话题应试高分技巧 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 听力对话的题材十分广泛 但以贴近学生生活 学习的话题 为主 对话中常见的话题可以归纳为以下八种 v1 学校生活 有关课程 考试 作业 借书等方面的话 题 如 M I m exhausted I stayed up the whole night studying for my midterm maths exam W But why do you always wait until the last minute Q What does the woman imply v2 旅游交通 有关参观 游览 乘车 登机 海关检查 等方面的内容 如 M The taxi is waiting downstairs Let s hurry W Wait a minute I ll take some food with us I don t like the meals served on the train Q What are the speakers going to do 听力对话按题型分类 对话题的题型分析 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v 饮食娱乐 内容涉及餐饮 聚会 球赛 影视等 如 M Mary would you join me for dinner tonight W You treated me last weekend now it s my turn Shall we try something Italian Q What do we learn from the conversation v 宾馆住房 内容涉及房屋租用 房间预订 住房搬 迁等 如 M I hear you are moving into a new apartment soon W yes but it is more expensive My present neighbor plays the piano all night long Q why is the woman moving Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v5 工作状况 涉及求职 面试 职务提升 工资待遇 等方面内容 如 W You seem very confident about the job interview don t you M Yes I feel ready for it I bought a good suit in a clothing store and I had my hair cut I had studied almost everything about finance and economics Q Where is the man probably going to work v6 卫生环境 涉及气候 温度 环境卫生 疾病 就 医等内容 如 M Hello Mrs White what can I do for you W I don t know what s the matter with me I am always feeling tired I am usually worn out at the end of the day Q What do we learn from the conversation Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v7 装饰维修 包括房屋装修 设备安装 检测维修等 如 W You ve got your apartment furnished haven t you M Yes I bought some used furniture at the Sunday Market And it was a real bargain Q What does the man mean v8 日常生活 包括活动安排 人际交往 购物消费等 如 M do you still keep in touch with your parents regularly after all these years W Yes of course I call them at weekends when the rates are down fifty percent Q What do we learn about the woman from the conversation Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 听力对话中谈话人表达自己观点或陈述某一事实的方式多 种多样 大致可分为以下六类 v1 直陈表达 说话人用直陈语气直接表达事实或自己的 观点 态度等 说话人的真实套度或意图可以从正面理 解 M Look The view is fantastic could you take a picture of me with the lake as a background W I m afraid I ve just run out of film Q What so we learn from the conversation A The woman is watching an exciting film with the man B The woman can t take a photo of the man C The woman is running toward the lake D The woman is filming the lake 听力对话按听力内容的表达方式分类 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v2 否定表达 说话人以否定的方式表达肯定的意 思 说话人的态度往往比较强烈 语气十分肯定 M I really can t afford any more interruptions right now I ve got to finish the assignment W Sorry just one more thing could you give me a ride to school tomorrow Q What can be inferred from the conversation A The man will drive the woman to school B The man has finished his assignment C The man is willing to help the woman D The man is losing patience with the woman Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v3 祈使表达 以祈使句形式表达自己的意见 建议或 意愿 祈使句形式可以是肯定的也可以是否定的 M I can t understand why Bob isn t here yet Do you think we should try to call him or go look for him W He probably just got holdup in traffic Let s give him a few more minutes Q What are the speakers probably going to do A Give Bob a phone call B Go and pick Bob up C Go look for Bob D Wait for Bob Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v4 虚拟表达 以虚拟语气的形式表达自己的态度 建 议或愿望 所表达的事实意思往往与语句的表面意思相 反 M Prof Kennedy has been very busy this semester As far as I know he works until midnight every day W I wouldn t have trouble him so much if I had known he was so busy Q What do we learn from the conversation A The woman has trouble getting along with the professor B The woman regrets having taken up much of the professor time C The woman knows the professor has been busy D The woman knows the professor has run into trouble Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v5 重复反问 对文中的主要信息词进行重复并提出反 问 所表达的意见或态度往往与上下文相反 M Let s see if the basketball game has started yet W Started It must be clear who is winning by now Q What does the woman mean A She is sure who is going to win B Now it is a good time to start the game C The game has been going on for a long time D The same team always win Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v6 转折表达 先说明原本的意图或情势 经 but instead rather等转折后再说明后来的实际想法或事 实结果 M How did you like yesterday s play W Generally speaking it was quite food The part of secretary was played wonderfully but I think the man who played the boss was too dramatic to be realistic Q How does the woman feel about the man A He played his part quite well B He was not dramatic enough C He performed better than the secretary D He exaggerated his part Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 听力对话题的答案有的可以从谈话者的原话中摄取 有的 则需要对原对话进行推理或综合判断 对话按照答案摄取 方式为四类 v1 直摄型 从对话中直接找到答案 W Hi George Could you give me a ride I want to buy some food for the picnic M OK I m going home but I can drop you at the supermarket Q What does the woman want to do A Buy something for the picnic B Go for a ride around town C Go shopping with the man D Have a picnic 按答案的摄取方式分类 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v2 解释型 正确选项是对话中关键词语的同义转 述 W Is that optional course as hard as everybody says M It s actually even worse believe it or not Q What does the man say about the course A It s not as hard as expected B It s too tough for some students C It s much more difficult than people think D It s believed to be the hardest optional course Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v3 计算型 答案需经过计算得来 在多数情况下 计算都和时间或价格有关 W Here s a 10 dollar bill give me two tickets for tonight s show please M Sure Two tickets and here s 1 40 change Q How much does one ticket cost A 1 40 B 4 30 C 6 40 D 8 60 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v4 推理型 问题所需要的答案不能直接从原文中 摄取 需经过推理才能得出 M I spent so much time polishing my letter of application W It s worthwhile to make the effort You know just how important it is to give a good impression Q What do we know about the man A He wants to get a new position B He is asking the woman for help C He has left the woman a good impression D He enjoys letter writing Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 对话内容听不懂 没有依据来判断正确答案是听力考试中 最常发生的事 遇到这种情况 我们可以用以下两个方法 v 与其他三个选项无关的通常不是答案 A There is no more left B It doesn t appeal to her C It s incredibly delicious D She has already tasted it v 结构复杂的选项往往是答案 A The ideas of the paper are not convincing B Some parts of the paper are not well written C The handwriting of the paper is not good D The paper is not complete 对话题应试高分技巧 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 对话部分的很多技巧都可以应用与短文中 基于短文听力 的特点 还用特别注意以下几点 v 抓住主题句 掌握文章大意 v 把握关键词 做好笔记 v 对短文听力的选项进行分析时要把握三 v 条原则 v 第一条原则 四个选项中 只有听到一个的选 v 项 往往就是答案 v 第二条原则 选项中有原词或原词的同义词或近 v 义词的极有可能 v 第三条原则 表达意思完整的通常为答案 3 四级考试短文听力部分 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v 真题训练是听力应试的捷径 v 听熟是听力提高的关键 v 熟悉句型是听力训练的基础 v 观点 态度句 v I think I ll take the half day tour of the city v I don t think we can get a hotel at this time v I suppose you would have arrived earlier v I can t agree more v I don t feel like going out v Why not v Why bother v4 听力应试综合指导 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v2 请求 建议句 vWould you like some fruit juice vWhy don t we just stay at home vYou are not supposed to be here vWon t four be wiser v3 强调句 vBut it was he who helped me repairing my car vI did see him at the office vHe did take the book out of the library vI really feel nervous when the professor called on me Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v4 否定句 vI don t feel like going out vI was barely able to stay awake vI can t agree more v5 反问句 vDidn t you see the sign vWeren t you nervous when the professor called on you in the class vReally I was under the impression that the tickets were sold out a long time ago Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v 转折句 vWe do need another bookshelf in this room but the problem is the space for it vI d love to but I have to go and send vYes but you have to revise some part of it v 条件句 vIf I were you I would stay at home and watch TV vIf you don t mind waiting I ll get prepared vIf it hadn t been the snowing I would have been home by 9 o clock Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 5 各部分详细解题方法说明 1 短对话 预测选项 明确出题方式 同义替换 往往是正确答案 考查细节 要速记 要听清问题 转 折 要听清转折后的内容 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 短对话应试技巧 v短对话短小精悍 可谓字字珠玑 它承载的 信息量比长对话和短文都少得多 但让人费 得脑筋一点都不少 它偏重于短时信息处理 的能力 解答时要边听边辨析 v短对话部分由八组男女简短对话组成 每人 只说一两句话 只有一个话轮 信息很浓缩 所以字面义不足以解题 需要转义 推测 并充分利用说话人的语音 语调等因素 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 三大基本功 一 预览选项 v考生要切记 对付一切听力考试都行之有效 的做法是快速浏览选择项并提炼信息点 再 找出选项间的联系点 当录音人在即将开始 读Directions时 这就是你阅读选择项的最佳 时机 应充分抓住这段时间 速读选项 预 测内容 从而做到心中有数 通过阅读 应 明确以下信息 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever va 题目所涉及到的主要人物 地点等 如是 场景类考题 应迅速联想起与该场景有关的 词汇 全神贯注地倾听相关信息 vb 一般四个选择项的设计都会和录音内容或 多或少地有点关系 以使能够造成干扰 这 时 你就要比较它们之间的联系点 大胆地 进行猜想 事先得到一个印象 再与听力材 料结合 就会迅速找出答案 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v例如 选项 A The doctor is busy tomorrow vB The doctor won t see her tomorrow vC The doctor is busy all day today vD The doctor will see her today v当你阅读了这四个选项后 你就会联想到这是关于 医生的活动安排的内容 这时 你就要集中注意力 在医生的日程上 请看原文 vW When can the doctor see me vM He won t be free until tomorrow vQ What does the man mean v 你听到医生直到明天才会有空时 答案就很明显 了 A B D 项都与原文所表达的意思不符 只 有C 贴切 从这一点也可以看出 听力技巧的提高 跟你阅读能力高低有很大关系 因此 平时还要加 强阅读训练 以期能迅速理解选项意思 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 二 聚焦猜测 v聚焦指考生依据选项的关键词猜测问题 预测对话 内容 这种猜测可以使大脑调动特定场景的相关词 汇和背景常识 以备推理和分析 v为了有效的聚焦猜测 可以用笔在选项中的关键词 下做记号 在第一个对话开始前 将对话所有题干 都做完记号 记号可依个人习惯有所不同 但主要 针对选项中的实词和同一题中各个选项间的差异处 听到录音时 只要再扫视一下被圈点的词就可以 了 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v例如 A The dean should consulted her on the appointment vB Dr Holden should have taken over the position earlier vC She doesn t think Dr Holden has made a wise choice vD Dr Holden is the best person for the chairmanship v猜测 position 指chairman 的职位 Dr Holden 会 take over 这个职位 appointment由dean 主持 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v录音 M The dean just announced that Dr Holden s going to take over as chairman of the history department vW I knew it all along He s the obvious choice All the other candidates are no match for him vQ What does the woman mean v解析 本题关键在于听懂女士说的no match for 即 比不上 不是 的对手 与D中的best person 是同一表达 故正确 A B在文中都没有提及 而C 与题意相违背 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 三 深层理解 v深层是指作为答案的选项往往不是原文再现 而要 把表层的意思同义转换或稍加推测 才得出答案 这是需把所听内容由表及里进一步理解 看哪个答 案与内容吻合 v例如 A John has lost something at the railway station vB There are several railway stations in the city vC It will be very difficult for them to find John vD The train that John is taking will arrive soon Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v录音 W We re supposed to meet John here at the railway station vM That s like looking for a needle in a hay stack vQ what does the man imply v解析 首先要识别出男士用了一句比喻looking for a needle in a hay stack 在草堆里找一根针 由此 可以联想 找到的机会非常渺茫 选项中只有C与之 匹配 所以是正确答案 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 2 长对话 先纵后横 预测选项 纵向确定场景 工作 学习 生活及旅游 横向排除干扰选项 了解每道小题的内容 解题三原则 开头原则 即第一道题一般在 开头部分 问答原则 即回答的内容往往是答 案所在 转折原则 即转折词后的内容为重要 内容 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 长对话应试技巧 v长对话共两篇 每篇300词左右 共7道题 长对话 考查的理解和分析侧重于对话内容的整体性 因此 长对话的听音重点在于对话的主题大意 对话推 进的过程 或双方总体的观点与立场 它融合短对 话的特点 但不是短对话的简单加法 长对话的细 节没有短对话考得那么细 弯也没拐的那么多 不 需要确切的辨认对话双方的身份 相互关系 场合 等 但这些语域因素仍是理解和分析长对话是所依 赖的强有力工具 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 三大基本功 一 听前预测 v先纵后横 v 所谓 先纵 就是首先通读每篇后的3 4个小题 找出关键词 前后联系 预测全篇大致主题 所谓 后横 就是在仍有时间的情况下 通看 各题选项 看看是否存在生词 总结长句的核心意 思 以此预测考点和可能的答案 v 两步预测都要注意随时做出标注 划出关键词或 简写长句的大意 因为单凭记忆在 高压 的听力考试 中是万万靠不住的 Happy times always go by quickly and today s st
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