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大学英语语法讲解课件

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大学 英语语法 讲解 课件
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单击此处编辑母 版标题样式 单击此处编辑母版副标 题样式 1 大学英语语法 讲解 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 情态动词的完成时 表示对过去的说法 vmust have 过去分词 用于肯 定句 一定已经 vThe light is still on They must have forgotten to turn it off when they left the room v注 mustn t have done Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vcan t couldn t have 过去分词 用于否定或疑问句 不可能 vHe cannot have been to that town for I saw him just now Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v should ought to have 过去分词 本应该做 却没有做 vAs his best friend you should ought to have helped him but in fact you didn t Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vshouldn t ought not to have 过 去分词 本不应该做 却做了 v You shouldn t have parked your car here for it s a public place Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vneedn t have 过去分词 本不必做 vYou needn t have waited for me I told you yesterday I would overwork Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever with vwith done vWith the homework finished the boy went out vwith doing vWith the old man leading the way we finally find the house Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vwith prep vWith the light on all the students went out of the classroom Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 虚拟语气的用法 v概念 表示说话人的愿望 假设 猜测 或建议 而不表示客观存在 的事实 虚拟语气通过谓语动词的 特殊形式来表示 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 虚拟语气用于条件状语从句 1 与过去事实相反 vIf had done would should could might have done vIf you had taken my advice you wouldn t have failed in the exam Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v与现在事实相反 vIf did be were would should could might do vIf he had time he would attend the meeting vIf I were you I should study English Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v与将来事实相反 vIf did be were were to should do would should could might do vIf you came tomorrow we would have the meeting vIf it were to rain tomorrow the meeting would be put off Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v虚拟语气用于宾语从句 v在表示建议 要求 命令类的动词后面 的宾语从句中用 should do v如 advise suggest propose request require insist demand order command desire vWe suggested that we should have a meeting vWe insisted that the meeting should be cancelled Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v注意 suggest 作 暗示 表明 解 时 insist 作 坚决认为 解时不用 虚拟语气 而用一般的时态 vMike insisted that he had never stolen anything vHer sun tanned face suggested that she was in excellent health Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v虚拟语气用于主语从句 vIt is necessary important natural strange essential etc that sb should 动词原形 vThis is a very difficult operation It is essential that you be prepared for emergency Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vIt is be suggested desired ordered proposed advised etc that sb should do Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v虚拟语气用于表语从句 同位语从句 v作advice idea order demand plan proposal suggestion request wish等名词的表语从句 同位语从句 其谓语动词用 should 动词原形 vWe all agreed to his suggestion that we should go to Beijing for sightseeing Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vit is high time sb did vIt is high time we left Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v虚拟语气用于if only引导的感叹 句中 要是 就好了 vIf only I had taken his advice Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vaccount for 解释某事物的原因 vPlease account for your rude behavior vbring up 抚养 vShe was brought up by her aunt vget through 设法 完成 使 通过 vThere is a lot of work to get through vShe got all her pupils through the test Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vtry to do 设法做某事 vWe try to finish the work on time vendeavor fml to do 设法做某事 vWe endeavor to finish the work on time vsucceed in doing 成功做某事 vWe succeed in finishing the work on time Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vas a result 结果 vAs a result two people were killed in the accident vby the way 顺便 vBy the way please give it to Mary von the contrary 与此相反 vIt doesn t seem ugly to me on the contrary I think it s rather beautiful Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vpick out 挑出 vHe picked out the ripe peach vmake out 辨认 vCan you make out what that sign says vgive off 发出 蒸汽 光等 vThe food gave off a bad smell Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vseparate 分开 vseparate from vcompare 比较 vcompare to with vcontrast vcontrast to with 对比 相 比 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vcome up with 提出 vHe came up a new idea for increasing sales vcatch up with 赶上 vAfter a term she caught up with the other students in her class vkeep up with 跟上 vWe should keep up with the pace of the modern society Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 定语从句 v在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句 叫做定语从句 被修饰的名词或代 词叫先行词 引导定语从句的关系 代词有who whom whose which that等和关系副词when where why等 他们在定语从句中担任句 子成分 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vwho 代替人 vI know the man who that is standing under the tree over there vwhom vThe doctor whom you are looking for is in the room vWho stands near the river is our school Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vwhose 可代替人和物 vDo you know the man whose name is Wang Yu vI live in a room whose windows face south vwhich 代替物 vThe building which stands near the river is our school Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vthat 可代替人和物 vThe letter that I received was from my father v注意 在下面几种情况下必须用 that v1 先行词是不定代词 all few little much something nothing anything vAll that what we have to do is to practise every day Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v2 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级 所修饰 vThe first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten v3 先行词被all any every few little no some等修饰 v I have read all the books that you gave me Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vwhen vI will never forget the day when I met Mr Liu vwhere This is the place where we lived for 5 years vwhy v I know the reason why he came late Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v限制性定语从句是句中不可缺少的组成 部分 主句和从句之间不用逗号分开 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v非限制性定语从句一般用逗号把主 句和从句分开 通常关系代词不能 省略 不用that vI have two sisters who are both students v关系代词which as可指代前面整 句话的内容 vAs we all know he studies very hard v P184第49题 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 倒装句 v英语的正常语序是主语在前 谓语 在后 但有时为了强调或为了语法 结构的需要 可以将谓语的全部或 部分提到主语之前 这种语法现象 叫做倒装 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 全倒装 把全部谓语放在主语之前 v以 out in up down away here there 等副词开头的句子里 vHere comes the bus Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 部分倒装 把助动词或情态动词放在主语之前 否定副词提前的句型中 否定副词有hardly not nowhere seldom not only scarcely never little at no time in no circumstance vI shall never do this again vNever shall I do this again v如 P184第52 53题 P206 第48题 P230 第47题 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vrelieve 解除或减轻 痛苦 忧虑等 vrelate vrelate to with 把 和 联系起来 vretain 保持 保留 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vignore 忽视 忽略 vneglect 忽视 忽略 vrefuse 拒绝 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vas for sb sth 至于 vAs for you you should be ashamed of yourself vbesides 除了 vBesides me they all went to the Summer Palace vexcept 除了 vExcept me they all went to the Summer Palace Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vsufficient 充足的 充分的 veffective 有效的 vefficient 有能力的 有效率的 vrespective 各自的 分别的 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vprogress 进步 进展 vproceed 继续前进 继续下去 vpromote 推销 vpropose 建议 计划 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever 分词做状语 v分词或分词短语作状语时 可以表示时间 原 因 行为方式 伴随状况等 v1 现在分词有一般式和完成式 一般式表示和 谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生的行为 完成 式表示在谓语动词所表示的动作之前发生的动 作 v Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v 主 动 被 动 v一般式 doing being done v完成式 having done having been v done Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vBeing a student I must study hard 原因 vHaving been examined by the doctor the patient went home Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v注意 当分词的逻辑主语与主句的 主语不同时 分词必须有自己的主 语 vTime permitting I will finish another lesson v P195 第46 47题 P219 第53题 P231 第52题 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever v过去分词只有一般式 表示在谓语 动词之前发生的动作 本身有被动 含义 vThe teacher stood there surrounded by the students vHe lay half dead with all his fibs broken v P172 第49题 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vrepresent 代表 描绘 塑造 陈 述 vpresent 将某物赠予或交给某人 vsupply 供应 vsupply sb with sth vSupply sth to sb Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vexplode 爆炸 vexpand 扩大 vexpose 暴露 vexpose to 将 暴露于 vexplore 开发 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vspread 展开 vdisplay 展示 陈列 vlocate 位于 坐落于 vbe located in Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vinstance 事例 vcharacter 性格 人物 vitem 条款 项目 vdetail 细节 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vlook out 小心 向外看 vlook after 照顾 vlook into 调查 vlook on 旁观 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever voccasion 时刻 场合 vsituation 状况 处境 vin a situation vcondition 条件 vunder in condition venvironment 环境 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vI could do nothing but accept it vI could say nothing but to accept it Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vexcept that 除了 vShe remembered nothing about her except that her hair is black vexcept for 除了 vIt is a good article except for some spelling mistakes vbut for 要不是 vBut for the rain we would have had a nice holiday Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vIt is before vIt is since vIt is five years since we left school Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vcontain 包含 包括 vThe story contains 3 parts vsecure 保护 使某物安全 vThe law can secure the civil rights the old people vreserve 保留 vThese seats are reserved for the special guests vmaintain 保持 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vsufficiently 充足地 vapproximately 大概地 vconsiderably 很 相当地 vproperly 正确地 Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vcome across 碰巧遇到 vcome up 长出地面 vThe grass are just beginning to come up vcome to 到达 等于某数 vThe bill comes to 30 vWhen we came to the room no one were in it Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vcome over 从一地来到另一地 vWhy don t you come over to England for a holiday Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is coming to an end Today this happy day will remain in our memory forever vimpression 印象 vHis speech made a strong impression on us vreaction 反应 vcomment 评论 vDo you have any comment on this matter Happy times always go by quickly and today s story game is com
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