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神经肌肉接头疾病分型与诊断课件

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神经 肌肉 接头 疾病 诊断 课件
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As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 广东省艾滋病流行概况及预防控制策略 General HIV AIDS Epidemic Situation and Prevention Strategy in Guangdong 广东省艾滋病防治研究所 Guangdong Center for Disease Control 王晔Wang Ye November 20 2007 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 主要内容Major contents 流行概况 Epidemic situation HIV流行率监测 HIV epidemic monitoring 吸毒者人群行为学监测Behavior monitoring on drug users 问题与挑战 Problems and challenges 当前我省应采取的预防控制策略 Prevention and control strategies should be taken in our province at present As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 流行概况Epidemic Situation 1986年 发现首例境外HIV感染者 In 1986 the first HIV infected case was found on a non Guangdong person 1990年 首次从出境归来的本省HIV感染者 In 1990 the first HIV infected case was found on a Guangdong person returning from abroad 1996年 首次从本省静脉吸毒者中检出HIV感染者 In 1996 the first HIV infected case was tested from a Guangdong injected drug user 1986 1996年 感染例数虽逐年有所上升 但仍呈较平稳的状态 年平均上升仅为 10 2 此后报告感染例数迅速增加 1986 1996 infected cases are rising but still stable with an average rate of 10 2 after this report the cases increase rapidly 2005年 由于开展大筛查而达到高峰 年报告数为5223例 In 2005 with the investigation reaching the summit the cases are 5223 reported for this year 2006年维持平稳 当年报告5180例 In 2006 the situation is stable and the reported cases are 5180 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 流行概况Epidemic Situation 2006年底 At the end of 2006 累计报告HIV感染者18207例 Accumulated reported HIV infected cases are 18207 AIDS病人1641例 死亡677例 AIDS patients are 1641 cases and 677 dead 报告数居全国第五位 The reported cases ranks No 5 throughout the nation 据专家估计 我省到2007年底估计存活的HIV感染者约4 9万 Experts estimate that the living HIV infected persons are about 49 000 by end of 2008 in Guangdong As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 户籍分布Distribution of Permanent Residency 18207例中 Among 18207 广东省籍 8500 占46 7 From Guangdong 外省籍 4023 占22 1 From other provinces 港奥台 39 From HK Macao and Taiwan 境外 122 From abroad 户籍不详 5523 占30 3 From unknown places As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 广东省1986 2006年累计报告HIV感染者地区分布 Distribution of Accumulated HIV AIDS Cases in Guangdong 1986 Distribution of Accumulated HIV AIDS Cases in Guangdong 1986 2006 2006 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 性别分布Gender distribution 男性 15203例 占83 5 Male 女性 3004例 占16 5 Female 广东省1986 2006年HIV感染者性别分布 Distribution of Accumulated HIV AIDS Cases in Guangdong 1986 2006 Distribution of Accumulated HIV AIDS Cases in Guangdong 1986 2006 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 年龄分布Age distribution 年龄不详 4797例 占26 3 Unknown 年龄清楚 13410例 占63 7 Known As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 传播途径分布Spread channels distribution 传播途径不详 7030例 占38 6 Unknown 传播途径清楚 11177例 占61 4 Known As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 广东省1986 2006年HIV感染者传播途径变化情况 Changes of Transmission Channels of HIV AIDS in Guangdong 1986 2006 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 目前我省HIV AIDS流行特点 Current HIV AIDS Epidemic characteristics in Guangdong 全省21个市均出现HIV流行 珠江三角洲地区仍是流行最严重的地区 但HIV传播正从 珠江三角洲向两翼漫延 疫情呈全省低流行 局部高流行态势 All 21 cities have epidemics Pan pearl Delta is still the most serious area with a tendency spreading to both wings The epidemic appears as low throughout the province and high in some cities 吸毒人群仍是HIV感染的最主要人群 但经性途径感染者逐年增加 女性感染者和母婴 传播明显增多 HIV正从高危人群向一般人群扩散 Drug users are still the major group infected with HIV There is an increasing tendency by means of sexual transmission The infections of female and mother to child transmission has an obvious increase 只有个别通过既往卖血 输血或血液制品感染 近几年无明显变化 Only several cases infected with blood selling and transfusion and blood products and there is no obvious change in recent years 男男同性恋者中的HIV感染情况有待进一步查明 The infection situation among MSM is pending for further investigation As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester HIV流行率监测 HIV Epidemic Monitoring 1992年开始建立监测哨点 到2007年全省在21个市共设 立 Monitoring stations have been established since 1992 Up to 2007 in 21 cities there are I类哨点64个 Stations of Category I II类哨点194个 Stations of Category II 针对性病门诊就诊者 暗娼和青年学生的综合哨点5个 5 Comprehensive stations for sexual diseases prostitutes and young students As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 吸毒者监测Monitoring on drug users HIV感染率从1996年的0 02 升至2006年的4 37 Infected rate increased from 0 02 in 1996 to 4 37 in 2006 阳性哨点比例从1998的25 2 8 升至2006年的87 34 39 HIV positive stations increased from 25 in 1998 2 8 to 87 in 2006 34 39 其中2006年有5个检出率在10 以上 最高为23 In 2006 there are 5 stations with an inspection rate above 10 the highest 23 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 性病门诊就诊者监测Monitoring on incoming patients at the sexual disease clinics HIV感染率从1997年的0 03 升至2006年的0 20 HIV infected rate increased from 0 03 in 1997 to 0 20 in 2006 阳性哨点比例从1998年的10 1 10 升至2006年的56 9 16 HIV positive stations increased from 10 in 1998 1 10 to 56 in 2006 9 16 2006年最高为0 79 The highest is 0 79 in 2006 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 暗娼监测Monitoring on prostitution 1998年首次检出HIV感染者 0 14 但一直维持在较 低的感染率 The first cases were tested in 1998 0 14 but keeping a low rate 2006年检出率为0 53 The tested rate for 2006 is 0 53 As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 孕产妇监测Monitoring on pregnant women 孕产妇的两个点除2002年检出一例HIV感染者外 其他时间还未检出 At the two stations for pregnant women only one case was found in 2002 and there is no report afterwards As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 高危人群行为学监测 吸毒行为 Monitoring on behavior of high risk population drug use As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 高危人群行为学监测 安全套使用 Monitoring on behavior of high risk population usage of condoms As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 开展的干预工作Interventions carried out 场所内的宣传教育Publicity and education in closed settings As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 社区中的干预Interventions in community As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 针具交换Injection needles exchange As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 美沙酮维持治疗Methadone Treatment As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 问题与挑战Problems and challenges 基层政府部门对艾滋病防治工作认识不足 Insufficient awareness on HIV AIDS prevention of government departments at grassroots level 对艾滋病防治工作的严重性 紧迫性和严峻性认识不足 没有充分认识到艾滋病 流行对经济发展 社会稳定造成的危害 Insufficient awareness on the seriousness urgency and rigorousness of HIV AIDS prevention work insufficient awareness of the dangers of HIV AIDS epidemic to the economy development and social stability 没有认识到艾滋病防治是一项复杂的社会系统工程 仍片面认为艾滋病防治工作 是卫生部门的事情 未能真正形成多部门积极主动参与艾滋病防治的局面 Insufficient awareness on the problem that HIV AIDS prevention and treatment is a complicated social systematic project still consider it as a matter of health departments active involvement of multi departments has not yet been established As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 问题与挑战Problems and challenges 宣传教育不够深入 Insufficient publicity and education 新闻传媒宣传的频率和覆盖面还不够 尤其是省和一些市级的电视台 未能履行免费播放预防艾滋病性病的公益广告 Insufficient frequency and coverage of media especially on TV programs at provincial and city level no free welfare advertisement on HIV AIDS prevention 一些系统和单位没有把艾滋病防治宣传工作作为自身的职责 没有开展 相应的活动 Some departments don t regard the work of HIV AIDS prevention as their responsibilities and haven t carried out relevant activities 禁毒和艾滋病的公益广告很少在电视台播出Seldom see any welfare advertisement on drug prevention and HIV AIDS prevention on TV programs As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester cooperation Intervention PAFIII Program Surveillance Cooperation As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 问题与挑战Problems and challenges 干预措施覆盖面不足 质量有待提高 Insufficient coverage of interventions and the quality of interventions to be improved 因此安全套推广 针具交换等具体干预工作进展缓慢 覆盖面不足 Slow progress of interventions about condoms promotion and injected needles exchange 如2007年全省安全套推广材覆盖19个地市59个县区的3009个场所 发放安全套60多万只 In 2007 the coverage of condoms promotion is only 19 prefecture cities and 59 county level cities and 3009 closed settings and the distribution of condoms is just over 600 000 针具交换才覆盖5个地市131个点 发放针具15万多只 The coverage of injected needles exchange is only 5 prefecture cities 131 stations and the distribution of injected needles is just over 150 000 美沙酮替代治疗门诊虽然已开诊33个 但维持治疗的人数不足4000人 只占社区吸毒者 很少的比例 Although 33 methadone substitute treatment clinics are open the treated number is less 4000 accounting for a very tiny proportion among drug users in community As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 问题与挑战Problems and challenges 防治力量薄弱Weak capacity in prevention and treatment 省 市 县 区 三级艾办至今没有专职人员 Up to now there is still no professional staff in Disease Control Center CDC at the levels of province city and county district 21个地级市疾病预防控制中心只有7个设立艾滋病防治科室 121个县 区 除深圳市的2个区 和佛山的三水市外 目前都没有艾滋病防治的专们科室 Among 21 CDCs at the level of prefectural city there are only 7 CDCs with HIV AIDS Prevention and Treatment Office Among 121 counties districts except for 2 districts and Sanshui City of Foshan there is no special office for HIV AIDS Prevention and Treatment up to now 省疾控中心艾滋病防治研究所也只有12人正式职工 Even in the Research Institute of CDC at the provincial level there are only 12 regular staff 而云南 新疆 河南 广西 贵州等省卫生行政部门都已成立了有专职人员的艾防机构 其中 云南15人 云南 广西 河南 新疆 四川 山东等省级疾控中心的艾滋病防治科人员均 在30人以上 云南50人 广西 新疆 四川 山东在35人以上 While the Health Departments of Yunnan Xinjiang Henan Guangxi Guizhou have established special organs on HIV AIDS prevention Yunnan has 15 staff the HIV AIDS Prevention Offices of the CDCs at the provincial level in Yunnan Guangxi Henan Xinjiang Sichuan and Shandong all have above 30 staff 50 staff in Yunnan and above 35 staff in Guangxi Xinjiang Sichuan and Shandong As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 问题与挑战Problems and challenges 流行因素广泛存在Epidemic factors widely exist 吸毒行为屡禁不绝 人数高居不下 新型毒品不断出现 范围不断扩大 Drug use is difficult to stop the number of drug users keeps high new types of drugs come out continuously 共用注射器吸毒的比例居高不下 The proportion of injected drug uses sharing needles keeps high 卖淫嫖娼活动屡禁不止 虽然调查表明暗娼安全套使用率较高 但性病发病率居 高不下 Prostitution is difficult to stop although investigation shows that the usage frequency of condoms keeps high the incidence of sexual diseases still keeps high 改革开放后人们的性观念发生了变化 非婚性行为和一夜情等多性伴的现象不断 增多 After reforming and opening up most people have a change in their attitudes towards sex sexual behaviors with non spouses and one night stands increase As an intern who has just entered kindergarten the following plans have been drawn up for the new semester 当前我省应采取的预防控制策略 Prevention and Control Strategies should be taken in our Province 加大政府投入 Increase governmental inputs 加强多部门的合作 建立健全防治工作责任制 Strengthen cooperation among various departments and establish a responsibility system 规范血液和血液制品管理Standardize management of blood and blood products 广泛深入开展健康教育和宣传 提高全民的防病知识Further carry out health education and publicity and increase awareness on knowledge about HIV AIDS prevention of the society 加强病例的告知 流调和随访Increase the advice investigation and random visits 提高干预质量 扩大干预的覆盖面 有效遏制疫情的传播和蔓延Improve quality of interventions expand coverage of interventions and effectively control the spread of epidemic situation 进一步加强流动人口艾滋病防治工作Further strengthen the work of HIV AIDS prevention and treatment for migrants 开展阻断母婴传播Carry out interventions on blocking mother to child transmission 规范性病治疗Standardize treatment of sexual diseases 认真落实 四免一关怀 政策 切实加强对艾滋病病毒感染者和患者的救治 关怀Earnestly carry out Four Free and One Care policy and strengthen treatment and care for HIV AIDS affected persons 加强防治队伍建设Strengthen capacity building of the HIV AIDS prevention team
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本文标题:神经肌肉接头疾病分型与诊断课件
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